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Tracked Air Defense / Airspace Deterrence Vehicle

Turkiye | 2021

"The AVD-AD forms a new Turkish air defense battlefield solution - combining the needed proven qualities of ballistics, missiles, and radar direction."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/06/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
FNSS has proven itself a prolific military vehicle producer, realizing such designs as the ACV-15, KAPLAN Medium Tank, and "Shadow Rider" Unmanned Ground Vehicle (all detailed elsewhere on the Military Factory). To this ever-growing stable of battlefield solutions is added the "ACV-AD" - a tracked, self-propelled Air Defense (AD) vehicle variant of the ACV family mounting a potent twin-automatic-cannon arrangement over the hull. The AVC-AD was declared the winner of the Turkish Armed Forces' KORKUT (ACV-30) and HISAR (HISAR A+) air defense systems requirements.

The ACV-AD sub-family currently (2023) encompasses the ZMA-30 gun-carrying vehicle and the HISAR missile-carrying vehicle.

Reminiscent of the American M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC), the ZMA-30 version has a similar appearance complete with noticeably sloped glacis plate, straight sides, and a straight rear face. The driver is positioned at front-left with the engine to his right - his position having a native AN/VVS-2 series night-vision periscope. Additional crewmen take up positions in the turret. Access hatches are noted over the rear of the hull (just aft of the turret rear face) and a hinged access door is seen at the vehicle's rear-facing wall. The crew numbers three (or four) personnel and includes the driver, a vehicle commander, and the gunner. The hull offers some inherent protection against mines, IEDs, and general ballistic threats and is fully-amphibious - able to ford both deep and fast-moving water sources at reduced operating speeds (a trim vane is enacted at the vehicle's bow for stability. Additional systems of note include an Automatic Fire Suppression System (AFSS), CBRN protection system, A/C, and heating.

The tank can traverse 60% grades and 30% side slopes. Vertical obstacles are limited to 0.8 meters, trench crossing to 2 meters, and fording to 1 meter. Waterjets are installed at the rear of the hull and are aided in the water by the movement of the tracks.

The ACV-AD makes use of a fully-suspended track-and-wheel system. There are six double-tired roadwheels to a hull side with the drive sprocket at front and the track idler at the rear. Side armor "skirts" help to protect the upper reaches of the track link network from direct attack.

The over-hull turret emplacement of the ZMA-30 houses a pair of Oerlikon 35mm automatic cannons suitable for engaging all manner of low-to-medium aerial threats and can be turned against light-armored vehicles and infantry if needed. The guns are integral to the turret which provides stability when firing on-the-move and complete 360-degree traversal. Over the rear of the turret roof is the air-search radar fit. There are eight total smoke dischargers on the vehicle for self-screening its movements. These are seated in twin banks of four launchers each at the turret's front-left and front-right corners.

Fire direction is aided by the onboard radar as well as an accompanying radar-equipped support vehicle.

Internally, the ACV-AD design carries a turbocharged diesel-fueled powerpack mated to a fully-automatic transmission system. All-told, this provides the tank with a maximum road speed of 65kmh and a range out to 500 kilometers. The suspension system, of torsion bar arrangement, provides the tank with a cross-country capability.

With versatility at the heart of the ACV design, the AD chassis can be modified to undertake other battlefield roles including Command and Control (C2), long-range mobile radar, artillery fire support, artillery spotting, ammunition carrier, and prime mover.

In its HISAR C2 form, the vehicle is arranged for the Low-to-Medium-Altitude (LMA) airspace deterrence / anti-aircraft role complete with 3D air-search radar and onboard Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs). The product is essentially an all-in-one solution in that it operates in both the command and attack role - not requiring an accompanying vehicle to accomplish one task or another. The missile launcher racks are erected from atop the hull roof to the sides of the hull when made ready to fire. Additionally, the radar system is power-elevated over the rear of the hull. The eight smoke grenade dischargers are moved to the front-right of the glacis plate in this variant.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the FNSS ZMA-30 Tracked Air Defense / Airspace Deterrence Vehicle.
1 x Turbocharged diesel-fueled engine driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Installed Power
40 mph
65 kph
Road Speed
311 miles
500 km
The physical qualities of the FNSS ZMA-30 Tracked Air Defense / Airspace Deterrence Vehicle.
23.2 ft
7.07 meters
O/A Length
7.2 ft
2.2 meters
O/A Width
12.8 ft
3.9 meters
O/A Height
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the FNSS ACV-AD Tracked Air Defense / Airspace Deterrence Vehicle.
2 x 35mm Oerlikon automatic cannons in turret front face.
8 x Smoke grenade dischargers in two banks of four launchers each at each turret front side.
500 x 35mm projectiles (estimated).
8 x Smoke grenades.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES.
Notable series variants as part of the FNSS ACV-AD family line.
ACV-AD - ACV vehicle Air Defense family designation.
ZMA-30 - 35mm-armed gun vehicle component.
HISAR - Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM)-armed vehicle component.
HISAR-A - SAM model of 2021.
HISAR-O - SAM model of 2021; serial production mark.
HISAR-U - SAM model of 2022.
Siper - SAM model of 2023.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the FNSS ACV-AD. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 15 Units

Contractor(s): FNSS - Turkey (Turkiye)
National flag of Turkey

[ Turkey ]
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Image of the FNSS ACV-AD
Image from official FNSS marketing video.
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Image of the FNSS ACV-AD
Image from official FNSS marketing materials.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The FNSS ACV-AD Tracked Air Defense / Airspace Deterrence Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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