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Type 19 155mm

8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)

Japan | 2023

"The Type 19 stands as the next addition to the JGSDF inventory - fielding a mighty 155mm field howitzer over an 8x8 wheeled truck chassis."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 12/10/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

The field howitzer has evolved considerably since the days of World War II (1939-1945) and, in its current forms, is fielded on both tracked and wheeled chassis to improve mobility. In the latter, the 8x8 heavy truck component has proven an increasingly popular approach to the solution of shooting a large, potent, and utterly lethal projectile round and quickly relocating the entire platform to repeat the function once more - therefore frustrating warplanners and ground commanders on the receiving end.

Against this backdrop, the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) has followed the lead of other global powers like the French and Swedes who have elected to focus such efforts on wheeled Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) forms.

The "Type 19" 155mm represents the product of work begun in 2011 with at least seven prototypes having been completed to date (2022) by Japan Steel Works. The design combines the versatility of a modular, highly-functional 8x8 RMMV (from German-based Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles) HX tactical truck chassis with cab-over arrangement with the hard-hitting firepower of a 155mm field howitzer (the same as used in the Type 99 155mm SPH detailed elsewhere on the Military Factory). Coupled to this is a fully-networked onboard system for seamless integration into the modern battlefield, reciprocating target data and firing results to allied forces in real-time. The result is an inherently mobile, indirect-fire solution intended to replace the current stock of FH70 towed guns in same battlefield role (detailed elsewhere on MilitaryFactory.com). The complete system was showcased at the East Fuji Maneuver Area training grounds 2019 for the first time.

As completed, the vehicle component of the Type 19 stands at a height of 3.4 meters and has a running length of 11.4 meters with a beam measuring 2.5 meters. The system is completely crewed by five personnel. The armament component is the proven, long-ranged 155mm/52-caliber field howitzer firing one of the most common large-class battlefield projectile today. Warheads are variable (from conventional to nuclear and biological) and range can be enhanced by Rocket-Assisted Projectiles (RAPs) as needed.

Once available in quantitative service, the Type 19 system is sure to enhance JGSDF ranged capabilities against potential regional threats (mainly China and North Korea) and add a fully-modern, quick-hitting, and digitally-centric solution to inventory that has been more or less lacking in the service for some decades.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Type 19 8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH).
1 x MAN D2066 6-cylinder inline water-cooled diesel engine developing 440 horsepower at 1,900rpm to conventional 8x8 all-wheeled arrangement.
Installed Power
56 mph
90 kph
Road Speed
280 miles
450 km
The physical qualities of the Type 19 8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH).
37.4 ft
11.4 meters
O/A Length
8.2 ft
2.5 meters
O/A Width
11.2 ft
3.4 meters
O/A Height
77,162 lb
35,000 kg | 38.6 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Type 19 155mm 8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH).
1 x 155mm/52-caliber field howitzer gun tube.
Dependent upon ammunition carrier.
Notable series variants as part of the Type 19 155mm family line.
Type 19 - Base Series Designation.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Type 19 155mm. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 10 Units

Contractor(s): Japan Steel Works - Japan
National flag of modern Japan

[ Japan (procured) ]
Developments of similar form-and-function, or related, to the Type 19 155mm 8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH).
Going Further...
The Type 19 155mm 8x8 Wheeled Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) appears in the following collections:
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