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HQ-9 (Red Banner-9 / Hong Qi-9)

Medium-to-Long-Range Anti-Aircraft Missile Defense Complex [ 2001 ]

The HQ-9 has seen consistent development into more potent forms since introduction by China in 2001.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 11/23/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The HQ-9 ("Red Banner-9", also "Hong Qi-9") is a self-contained air defense / airspace denial system developed by the nation of China as a medium-to-long-range anti-aircraft weapon. The typical deployment is via 8x8 wheeled heavy truck, giving the system a high degree of mobility in relocating and keeping up with the main fighting force. The HQ-9 series has been exported to a few select global partners since service introduction occurred in 2001. Development of the missile was headed by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation and no doubt influenced by preceding Soviet / Russian types.

The base model has a range out to 125 kilometers (77 miles) with more advanced forms seeing engagement possibilities out to 200 kilometers (125 miles) giving the solution good reach over the modern battlefield.

The HQ-9 missile is featured across vehicle-based, mobile 8x8 wheeled solutions (atop the Taian TA5380 truck) as well as naval shipborne models (as the "HHQ-9"). Other variants include the improved HQ-9A of 2001 and HQ-9B of 2006. The HQ-19 marks a ballistic missile version for defense against inbound like-types. The series is also exported under the "FD-2000/B" (125km/200km range, respectively) and "HQ-9/P" ("P" = "Pakistan" with 100km range) designations.

Guidance is via a semi-active radar homing approach and the missile can reach speeds of up to March 4 up to altitudes of 50 kilometers (31 miles). The warhead type is of typical High-Explosive, FRAGmentation (HE-FRAG) for maximum damage against fragile aerial targets. Four 6.8-meter-long (22 feet), 1,300 kilogram (2,865lb) missiles are contained in four large launch tubes seated over the launcher. The launcher is erected vertically prior to launching.

Current operators beyond China include Morocco (Army), Turkmenistan (Air Force), Uzbekistan (Army), and Pakistan (Army and Air Force)©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

China national flag graphic

In Active Service.

National flag of China National flag of Morocco National flag of Pakistan National flag of Turkmenistan National flag of Uzbekistan China; Morocco; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Pakistan
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Anti-Aircraft / Airspace Denial
Base model or variant can be used to search, track, and neutralize airborne elements at range.
Special Purpose
Special purpose design developed to accomplish an equally-special battlefield role or roles.

Wheeled Arrangement
Wheeled arrangement gives this system an inherent road-running capability, enhancing mobility.
Cross-Country Capability
Design includes such features as a track-link system or high ground clearance to better traverse offroad.
NBC Protection
Crew is provided (either as standard or optional) protection against Nuclear-Biological-Chemical agents for enhanced survivability in contaminated zones.
Crew has access to night-vision equipment, allowing for low-light or night time operations.
Anti-Aircraft / Air-Defense Capable
System is given an anti-aircraft defense component to protect itself from low-flying aerial threats at range.

36.1 ft
11 m
9.8 ft
3 m
13.8 ft
4.2 m
52,911 lb
24,000 kg
26.5 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the HQ-9 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Deutz diesel-fueled engine developing 517 horsepower to conventional 8x8 all-wheeled arrangement.
43.5 mph
(70.0 kph)
403.9 mi
(650.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the HQ-9 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
4 x HQ-9 Red Banner anti-aircraft missiles provided through four individual launch tubes over the rear of the chassis.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a surface-to-air missile weapon

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
4 x Missiles.

HQ-9 - Base Series Designation; land-based form.
Hong Qi-9 - Alternative designation.
Red Banner-9 - Alternative Designation.
HQ-9B - Advanced / evolved form.
HHQ-9 - Navalized form.

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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.


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