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Tokchon (series)


Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Platform


North Korea | 1975



"The Tokchon represents a series of indigenous North Korean self-propelled, artillery-minded vehicles in service with its Army forces."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 11/21/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Tokchon is a mobile, self-propelled tracked artillery piece developed by local North Korean military industry. The type mates various Soviet-era direct-fire towed field guns and indirect-fire field howitzers to the Soviet ATS-59 series tracked chassis to make up an entire family of Self-Propelled Guns (SPGs). The 14-ton ATS-59 itself is an artillery tractor from the Cold War period (1947-1989) and was used extensively by Soviet forces for decades as a prime mover, its tracks allowing the vehicle to cut across country easily enough while also keeping pace with the main fighting force.

The tractor component held its operating crew in a side-by-side seating arrangement at a forward-set cab over the bow. The rear, therefore was free to haul all manner of goods for Soviet ground forces. The track system consisted of five rubber-tired roadwheels with the drive sprocket at front and the track idler at rear. No track-return rollers were featured in the arrangement.

The ATS-59 series was eventually superseded by the AT-S model which offered greater performance.

The various gun mounts fitted to the North Korean Tokchon development include the 100mm BS-3, the 122mm D-74, the 130mm D-46, and the 152mm D-20 - all detailed elsewhere on the Military Factory. These are designated rather plainly in the North Korean inventory as M-1972, M-1981, M-1975, and M-1974, respectively. The M-1978 is centered on 2 x 37mm autocannons and used in the air-defense / airspace deterrence role while the M-1991 features the SM-4-1 coastal gun for maximum destructive power.

It is known that Houthi forces in Yemen have used the North Korean Tokchon weapon system in the fighting with Saudi Arabia.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Tokchon Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Platform.
1 x Diesel-fueled engine of unknown make, model, and output power driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Installed Power
40 mph
65 kph
Road Speed
311 miles
500 km
Range
Structure
The physical qualities of the Tokchon Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Platform.
3
(MANNED)
Crew
21.3 ft
6.5 meters
O/A Length
9.2 ft
2.8 meters
O/A Width
8.2 ft
2.5 meters
O/A Height
50,045 lb
22,700 kg | 25.0 tons
Weight
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Tokchon (series) Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Platform.
Variable, depending on armament mount. Options include 100mm, 122mm, 130mm, and 152mm field gun / howitzer solutions as main guns.
AMMUNITION:
Dependent upon armament fitted.
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Tokchon (series) family line.
Tokchon - Base Series Name.
M-1972 - Armed with 100mm field gun.
M-1974 - Armed with 152mm howitzer.
M-1975 - Armed with 130mm field gun.
M-1978 - Anti-Aircraft (AA) development; 2 x 37mm automatic cannons.
M-1981 - Armed with 122mm field gun.
M-1991 - Armed with SM-4-1 series coastal defense gun.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Tokchon (series). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 550 Units

Contractor(s): State Factories - North Korea
National flag of North Korea National flag of Yemen

[ North Korea; Yemen (rebel groups) ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
ANTI-AIRCRAFT
ANTI-TANK/ARMOR
FIRE SUPPORT / ASSAULT / BREACHING
SPECIAL PURPOSE
TRACK-AND-WHEEL DRIVE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Tokchon (series) Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Platform appears in the following collections:
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