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BVP (Bojove Vozidlo Pechoty)

Tracked Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) [ 1967 ]

The BVP Infantry Fighting Vehicle series is the localized Czech-centric version of the classic Soviet BMP.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/16/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The BVP series from Czechia / Czech Republic is a localized, upgraded, and modified form of the classic Soviet-era BMP-1/BMP-2 Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs) detailed elsewhere on this site. The type retains the same battlefield form and function but, in its more recent models (BVP-2), introduces an all-new track and suspension design to better conform to modern standards and enhance cross-country capabilities. Firing-on-the-move has also been added with primary armament centered in a traversing turret over the hull mounting a 30mm automatic cannon with co-axial 7.62mm PKT series anti-infantry machine gun. The vehicle is air-transportable and amphibious - making it a tactically flexible solution.

The running gear includes six rubber-tired roadwheels to a hull side with the drive sprocket at front and the track idler at rear. Three track-return rollers are used along the upper reaches of the track link units. The vehicle retains the same shallow glacis plate that the original benefitted from and mounts the powerpack to the front-right, seating the driver at front-left. The two-man turret holds a vehicle commander and gunner and passengers can be carried at the rear of the hull with access granted through a pair of hinged, outward-opening doors at the rear hull face.

Beyond standard armament, the roof also supports a 14.5mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) for defense against low-flying threats and light-armored vehicles. Grenade dischargers provide a self-screening capability for the vehicle.

The former Czechoslovakia operated the BVP through several variants and sub-variants including the original BVP-1. The BVP-1K was a command vehicle and the BPzV "Svatava" optimized for the reconnaissance role. The Vz.85 ShM-120 PRAM-S was a 120mm-armed mortar carrier and the BVP-1 AMB-S an armored battlefield ambulance. The VPV form was an Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) conversion and the SVO a mine-clearing vehicle. The OT-90 carried the OT-64A tank's primary turret as well as machine guns but lost its amphibious qualities.

The modern Czech Republic has utilized the BVP-1MA, a modernized version of the original BVP-1 though with a German-produced one-man traversing turret mounting additional smoke grenade launchers. It was upgraded through the "Tania" variant by Caliber and modernized through the OT-90 M1, M2, and M3 sub-variant designations.

The BVP-1SM is a converted armored battlefield ambulance and the BVP-1PPK / PzPK "Snezka" an artillery reconnaissance platform. The OT R-5 "Becva" is a communications vehicle and the BVP-1 LOS a dedicated tracked reconnaissance version. The one-off MGC-1 was a proposed vehicle showcasing an enhanced survivability package, armed by way of machine guns, and carried Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) blocks.

The BVP continues in service with the modern Czech Army in 2022. Up to 145 BVP-1 marks are held in storage / reserve and 185 BVP-2 versions serve as primary, front-line solutions.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

Czechia / Czech Republic national flag graphic
Czechia / Czech Republic

In Active Service.

State Factories - Czechoslovakia / Czech Republic / Czechia
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Czechia Czechoslovakia; Czech Republic (Czechia)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Amphibious Assault
Traverse bodies of open water under own power with / without preparation.
Infantry Support
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems.
Can conduct reconnaissance / scout missions to assess threat levels, enemy strength, et al - typically through lightweight design.

Track-and-Wheel Arrangement
Vehicle utilizes a track-and-wheel arrangement to provide enhanced cross-country travel capability.
Primary Turret
A modern tank quality, this vehicle sports its main armament in a single turret.
Traversable Main Armament
Armament is situated in a traversing component, allowing for all-around engagement of enemy threats.
Recoil Enhancement
Main weapon has an integral recoil mechanism, allowing the system to remain trained-on-target after firing.
Firing On-the-Move
A modern quality, onboard systems provide accuracy to primary armament allowing for firing on-the-move.
System can enter and traverse open water sources - either rivers, lakes, and streams; Amphibious Assault operation support.
Cross-Country Capability
Design includes such features as a track-link system or high ground clearance to better traverse offroad.
Shallow Glacis
The shallow design of the glacis plate provides the vehicle with inherent ballistics protection as well as contributes to a lower overall profile - making it more difficult to disable.
Enhanced Armor Protection
Protection is enhanced by way of additional armor being installed over that of standard levels; plate steel for older designs and reactive armor for modern types.
NBC Protection
Crew is provided (either as standard or optional) protection against Nuclear-Biological-Chemical agents for enhanced survivability in contaminated zones.
Smoke Screening
Vehicle has capability to self-generate a smoke screen, either through launched grenades or built-in engine funtion (raw fuel injection).
Crew has access to night-vision equipment, allowing for low-light or night time operations.
Anti-Aircraft / Air-Defense Capable
System is given an anti-aircraft defense component to protect itself from low-flying aerial threats at range.
Anti-Tank Capable
Onboard solution provides ability to neutralize armored or fortified targets at range through missile or penetrating ballistic weapons.
Vehicle features an in-built anti-infantry capability for local defense of the vehicle or general troop suppression.
Troop Carrier
Vehicle (or its variants) has an inherent troop-carrying capability, providing protected cover for embarked allies in contested areas.
Gun Ports
Vehicle allows occupants to engage outside targets from within the confines (and safety) of the vehicle.
Vehicle's proven running gear and overall makeup lends itself well to fulfill other battlefield roles by way of specialized designs.

22.1 ft
6.74 m
10.3 ft
3.15 m
8.0 ft
2.45 m
33,069 lb
15,000 kg
16.5 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the BVP-1 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x UTD-20/3 diesel-fueled engine developing 300 horsepower to conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
40.4 mph
(65.0 kph)
372.8 mi
(600.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the BVP-1 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 30mm automatic cannon in front turret face.
1 x 7.62mm PKT anti-infantry machine gun in co-axial mounting at front turret face.
8 x Smoke grenade dischargers.

1 x 14.5mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof.
1 x 30mm Automatic Grenade Launcher (AGL) on turret roof.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a tank automatic cannon
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun
Graphical image of infantry-level automatic grenade launcher
Graphical image of tank /armored vehicle smoke grenade dischargers

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
40 x 30mm projectiles (estimated).
1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition (estimated).
8 x Smoke grenades.
500 x 14.5mm ammunition (estimated, if equipped).
150 x 30mm grenades (estimated, if equipped).

BVP - Base Series Designation.
BVP-1 - Czech variant based in the Soviet BMP-1.
BVP-2 - Czech variant based in the Soviet BMP-2.

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Images Gallery

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Image of the BVP (Bojove Vozidlo Pechoty)
Image from the Czechia Ministry of Defense; Public Release.

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