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HQ-22 (Red Banner-22)

Mobile Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Complex

China | 2017

"The Chinese designed, developed, and produced HQ-22 missile complex provides a powerful defense against high-flying aircraft over the modern battlefield."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 11/07/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

The modern Chinese military relies on the HQ-22 missile complex for its medium-to-long-range air defense network. It is recognized locally as the "Red Banner-22" and consists of a launch vehicle / carrier, radar system, and missile section. Typically, three launchers are fielded with the single radar facility and each launcher is equipped with four of the missiles, providing considerable coverage from the twelve available launches in the group.

The missile component of the HQ-22 system was introduced in 2017 and has a weight of 2,865 lb, an overall length of 22.9 feet, a diameter of 2.3 feet, and a warhead weighing 400 lb. Its detonation system is impact or proximity based with propulsion made possible by a solid-fueled rocket motor driving the projectile to ranges of 105 miles up to an extreme altitude of 88,500 feet. Guidance-to-target is by way of semi-active radar homing / radio-command.

The Hanyang HY4330 8x8-wheeled military truck (manufactured by Hanyang Special Purpose Vehicle Institute of China) makes up the automotive component of the HQ-22 missile system. It sports a cab-over design with the bow hanging over the chassis frame. There are two forward and two rearward axels, each driven by a German Deutz BF12L513C diesel-fueled engine developing 540 horsepower. The vehicle weighs 16 tons and has an overall length of 30.1 feet, a beam of 9.19 feet, and a height of 12.3 feet. Its unladen operating range is 620 miles with road speeds hitting 45 miles-per-hour under ideal conditions.

In the Chinese inventory, the HQ-22 has been modernized in the HQ-22B offering which increases engagement speeds as well as ranges. An even more powerful mark is planned through the HQ-22C designation with enhanced performance across all spectrums. The export version of the complex is designated as "FK-3" and features slightly reduced engagement ranges (95 miles).

Beyond China, known operators as of April 2022 include Myanmar, Serbia, Thailand, and Turkmenistan.

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May 2017 - The People's Liberation Army of China began operational use of the HQ-22 SAM system.

August 2020 - Serbia has agreed to the purchase of the export-minded FK-3 SAM system from China, rebuffing the Russian S-300 in turn.

April 2021 - It was revealed that China had stationed some of its new HQ-22 SAM systems near its border with India.

April 2022 - China has delivered, by way of its Y-20 tactical transport, new examples of its FK-3 SAM system to Serbian soil.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the HQ-22 Mobile Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Complex.
1 x Deutz BF12L513C diesel-fueled engine developing 540 horsepower to conventional 8x8 all-wheel arrangement.
Installed Power
43 mph
70 kph
Road Speed
621 miles
1,000 km
The physical qualities of the HQ-22 Mobile Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Complex.
30.1 ft
9.17 meters
O/A Length
12.3 ft
3.75 meters
O/A Width
9.2 ft
2.8 meters
O/A Height
64,000 lb
29,030 kg | 32.0 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the HQ-22 (Red Banner-22) Mobile Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Complex.
4 x HQ-22 Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs) on elevating launcher rack.
4 x HQ-22 Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs).
Notable series variants as part of the HQ-22 (Red Banner-22) family line.
HQ-22 ("Red Banner-22") - Base Series Designation.
HQ-22B - Modernized form with extended operational ranges and increased maximum speed.
HQ-22C - In-development upgraded variant with enhanced performance figures.
FK-3 - Export model designation; slightly reduced engagement ranges.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the HQ-22 (Red Banner-22). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 500 Units

Contractor(s): Hanyang Special Purpose Vehicle Institute (Truck Component) - China
National flag of China National flag of Myanmar National flag of Serbia National flag of Thailand National flag of Turkmenistan

[ China; Myanmar; Serbia; Thailand; Turkmenistan ]
Going Further...
The HQ-22 (Red Banner-22) Mobile Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Complex appears in the following collections:
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