The modern Chinese military relies on the HQ-22 missile complex for its medium-to-long-range air defense network. It is recognized locally as the "Red Banner-22" and consists of a launch vehicle / carrier, radar system, and missile section. Typically, three launchers are fielded with the single radar facility and each launcher is equipped with four of the missiles, providing considerable coverage from the twelve available launches in the group.
The missile component of the HQ-22 system was introduced in 2017 and has a weight of 2,865 lb, an overall length of 22.9 feet, a diameter of 2.3 feet, and a warhead weighing 400 lb. Its detonation system is impact or proximity based with propulsion made possible by a solid-fueled rocket motor driving the projectile to ranges of 105 miles up to an extreme altitude of 88,500 feet. Guidance-to-target is by way of semi-active radar homing / radio-command.
The Hanyang HY4330 8x8-wheeled military truck (manufactured by Hanyang Special Purpose Vehicle Institute of China) makes up the automotive component of the HQ-22 missile system. It sports a cab-over design with the bow hanging over the chassis frame. There are two forward and two rearward axels, each driven by a German Deutz BF12L513C diesel-fueled engine developing 540 horsepower. The vehicle weighs 16 tons and has an overall length of 30.1 feet, a beam of 9.19 feet, and a height of 12.3 feet. Its unladen operating range is 620 miles with road speeds hitting 45 miles-per-hour under ideal conditions.
In the Chinese inventory, the HQ-22 has been modernized in the HQ-22B offering which increases engagement speeds as well as ranges. An even more powerful mark is planned through the HQ-22C designation with enhanced performance across all spectrums. The export version of the complex is designated as "FK-3" and features slightly reduced engagement ranges (95 miles).
Beyond China, known operators as of April 2022 include Myanmar, Serbia, Thailand, and Turkmenistan.
May 2017 - The People's Liberation Army of China began operational use of the HQ-22 SAM system.
August 2020 - Serbia has agreed to the purchase of the export-minded FK-3 SAM system from China, rebuffing the Russian S-300 in turn.
April 2021 - It was revealed that China had stationed some of its new HQ-22 SAM systems near its border with India.
April 2022 - China has delivered, by way of its Y-20 tactical transport, new examples of its FK-3 SAM system to Serbian soil.
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
✓Anti-Aircraft / Airspace Denial
Base model or variant can be used to search, track, and neutralize airborne elements at range.
Special purpose design developed to accomplish an equally-special battlefield role or roles.
Wheeled arrangement gives this system an inherent road-running capability, enhancing mobility.
Design includes such features as a track-link system or high ground clearance to better traverse offroad.
Crew is provided (either as standard or optional) protection against Nuclear-Biological-Chemical agents for enhanced survivability in contaminated zones.
Crew has access to night-vision equipment, allowing for low-light or night time operations.
Anti-Aircraft / Air-Defense Capable
System is given an anti-aircraft defense component to protect itself from low-flying aerial threats at range.
Ability to provide lethal, in-direct firepower at range for area saturation; can include nuclear, biological, and chemical agents.
30.1 ft 9.17 m
12.3 ft 3.75 m
9.2 ft 2.8 m
64,000 lb 29,030 kg
32.0 tons MEDIUM
(Showcased structural values pertain to the HQ-22 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
1 x Deutz BF12L513C diesel-fueled engine developing 540 horsepower to conventional 8x8 all-wheel arrangement.
4 x HQ-22 Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs) on elevating launcher rack.
(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
4 x HQ-22 Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs).
HQ-22 ("Red Banner-22") - Base Series Designation.
HQ-22B - Modernized form with extended operational ranges and increased maximum speed.
HQ-22C - In-development upgraded variant with enhanced performance figures.
FK-3 - Export model designation; slightly reduced engagement ranges.
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.
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