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HQ-16 (Hong Qi-16)


Mobile Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) System [ 2011 ]



The mobile HQ-16 serves the all-important role of medium-altitude, medium-range air defense for the Chinese military.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/04/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

GO TO SPECIFICATIONS [+]
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In keeping with its complete modernization effort and expansion of capabilities, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China has invested heavily in air defense / deterrence measures that include solutions such as the HQ-16 mobile SAM (Surface-to-Air Missile) launcher. The vehicle can use its triple missile pack to engage aerial targets at medium-range / medium-altitudes ensuring protection of accompanying ground force or key installations. The system was developed by the engineers at the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST) and has been in active service since 2011 - China being the primary operator of the system today (2022).

The HQ-16 series is thought to pull inspiration from the Soviet-Russian "Buk" SAM systems still in use today.

The missile carries a rocket motor with solid fuel propellant, fits a 155lb warhead, and tips the scales as a complete system at 1,435lb. Detonation is through either impact or proximity as needed, ensuring total destruction of the unfortunate target. The missile can reach targets as far out as 25 miles up to altitudes of 60,000 feet while achieving straight-line speeds in excess of Mach 3. A semi-active radar homing capability is in-built and used to reach the target.

When made ready-to-fire, the launcher lowers to erect the triple-missile tubes vertically. The system's versatility is such that the missile can be launched form land-based or sea-based platforms.

The locally-produced Taian TA5350 6x6 wheeled vehicle serves as the launch / host platform and gives the missile battlefield mobility through a powerful drivetrain, large road wheels, and cross-country support. The crew cab sits over the front end of the truck with bow overhand ahead of the first axle. The remaining two axles support the rear of the vehicle. An additional cabin structure is set behind the driver's compartment and houses the operating system. The chassis is multi-faceted and available in various configurations including 10x10, 12x12, 14x14, and 16x16 wheeled arrangements. The Taian Special Vehicle Company manufactures the truck which is powered by a single Deutz turbocharged diesel unit of 517 horsepower giving it a range out to 500 miles and a road speed equal to 50 mph.

The HQ-16 signifies the base missile/vehicle model with ship-borne functionality. This model is exported under the HQ_16E/LY-80N designations. The HQ-16A is the land-based version and given an engagement range of 40 kilometers. It is exported under the HQ-16AE/LY-80 designations. The HQ-16B is another land-based version but improved to engage out to 70 kilometers. It is exported as HQ-16BE/LY-80.

The HQ-16C is an improved HQ-16B and the HQ-26 is another navalized type.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.
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Specifications



Service Year
2011

Origin
China national flag graphic
China

Status
ACTIVE
In Active Service.
Crew
4
CREWMEN
Production
250
UNITS


Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST) - China
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Anti-Aircraft / Airspace Denial
Base model or variant can be used to search, track, and neutralize airborne elements at range.
Special Purpose
Special purpose design developed to accomplish an equally-special battlefield role or roles.


Wheeled Arrangement
Wheeled arrangement gives this system an inherent road-running capability, enhancing mobility.
Cross-Country Capability
Design includes such features as a track-link system or high ground clearance to better traverse offroad.
NBC Protection
Crew is provided (either as standard or optional) protection against Nuclear-Biological-Chemical agents for enhanced survivability in contaminated zones.
Nightvision
Crew has access to night-vision equipment, allowing for low-light or night time operations.


Length
39.4 ft
12 m
Width
9.8 ft
3 m
Height
11.8 ft
3.6 m
Weight
66,139 lb
30,000 kg
Tonnage
33.1 tons
MEDIUM
(Showcased structural values pertain to the HQ-16 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Deutz turbocharged diesel-fueled engine developing 517 horsepower driving conventional all-wheel / 8x8 wheeled arrangement.
Speed
49.7 mph
(80.0 kph)
Range
497.1 mi
(800.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the HQ-16 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
3 x HQ-16 surface-to-air missiles.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a surface-to-air missile weapon


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
3 x HQ-16 surface-to-air missiles.


HQ-16 - Base Series Designation; naval variant of 40km range.
HQ-16E (LY-80N) - Export model of the HQ-16.
HQ-16A - Land-based model; range of 40km.
HQ-16AE (LY-80) - Export version of the HQ-16A.
HQ-16B - Land-based model of 2016; enhanced range of 70km.
HQ-16BE (LY-80) - Export model of the HQ-16B.
HQ-16C - Improved HQ-16B models.
HQ-26 - Navalized variant.


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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.


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