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6x6 Wheeled Military Truck

Soviet Union | 1961

"The Ural-375 series went on to become a global success for the Soviet Union, the design forming the basis of civilian and military solutions."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/18/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Logistics are at the heart of every successful ground campaign and the modern Russian Army - and the Soviet Army before it - has invested heavily in multiple-wheeled movers such as the Ural-375 series 6x6 medium-duty, multi-purpose 6x6 wheeled utility truck. The design is manufactured at the Ural Automotive Plant which was founded during the fighting of World War 2 (1939-1945) in 1941. This has allowed the Ural truck series to remain in active production up until 1993 since its introduction in 1961 after it was selected to succeed an aging line of ZiL-157 trucks in same role.

The Ural-375 series went on to see widespread global adoption with forces from Angola to Egypt and Syria to Vietnam. East Germany, Iraq, and the Soviet Union are all former operators of the type.

The base framework makes up the chassis of alternative platforms including the lengthened Ural-375A, the Ural-375E KET-L recovery vehicle, the civilian-minded Ural-377 6x4 hauler, and the 6x6 Ural-375S. The definitive model remains the Ural-375D with its all-steel passenger cabin while the Ural-375DM is a modernized form of the D-model series and saw production into 1991.

D-models have been used as the host vehicle to 85mm Divisional Field Guns as well as the famous BM-21 Grad Multiple-Launched Rocket System (MLRS) rocket-projecting vehicle.

The truck has a largely standard design arrangement with a crew cab seating three shoulder-to-shoulder. The driver sits front-left commanding the vehicle by way of a traditional steering column. The engine is seated in the bow behind a raised bumper assembly and protected headlamps. One axle is positioned under the engine compartment in the usual way while the rear is supported through a twin axle arrangement. The rear of the vehicle can be modified to suit the battlefield need and this includes rocket launching components, artillery systems, troop carriers, communications modules, canvas/tarp coverings, sideboard beds, and open-air flatbeds - such is the versatility of this proven vehicle.

Between the generous ground clearance and mud-running road tires, the truck is do-anything/go-anywhere type that serves its operators well.

The nation of Iran operates the Ural-375D in number from stocks received during the 1970s.

Chronologically, the Ural-375 has been superseded in the Russian military line-up by the Ural-4320 which was introduced around 1977. This vehicle, also seeing widespread global acceptance, continues the 6x6 wheeled arrangement and has been followed-up on itself by the Ural "Next".

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Ural-375D 6x6 Wheeled Military Truck.
1 x ZiL-375Ya 7.0L V8 gasoline-fueled engine developing 180 horsepower driving 6x6 wheeled arrangement.
Installed Power
47 mph
75 kph
Road Speed
The physical qualities of the Ural-375D 6x6 Wheeled Military Truck.
24.1 ft
7.35 meters
O/A Length
9.7 ft
2.96 meters
O/A Width
9.8 ft
2.98 meters
O/A Height
29,101 lb
13,200 kg | 14.6 tons
Notable series variants as part of the Ural-375 family line.
Ural-375 - Base Series Designation.
Ural-375A - Lengthened chassis.
Ural-375D - Definitive production form; all-steel cabin; various armament fits including MLRS systems and 85mm Divisional Field Guns.
Ural-375E KET-L - Recovery vehicle variant.
Ural-375S - 6x6 tractor model.
Ural-377 - Civilian market model.
Ural-377S - 6x4 tractor form.
Ural-375DM - Modernized D-models.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Ural-375. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 35,000 Units

Contractor(s): Ural Automobile Plant - Soviet Union / Russia
National flag of Angola National flag of Egypt National flag of Ethiopia National flag of Georgia National flag of modern Germany National flag of East Germany National flag of Hungary National flag of Iraq National flag of Iran National flag of Namibia National flag of Poland National flag of Russia National flag of Serbia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Syria National flag of Vietnam

[ Angola; East Germany; Egypt; Ethiopia; Georgia; Hungary; Iraq; Iran; Namibia; Poland; Russia; Serbia; Soviet Union; Syria; Vietnam ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Developments of similar form-and-function, or related, to the Ural-375 6x6 Wheeled Military Truck.
Going Further...
The Ural-375 6x6 Wheeled Military Truck appears in the following collections:
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