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6x6 Wheeled Military Truck [ 1961 ]

The Ural-375 series went on to become a global success for the Soviet Union, the design forming the basis of civilian and military solutions.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/18/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Logistics are at the heart of every successful ground campaign and the modern Russian Army - and the Soviet Army before it - has invested heavily in multiple-wheeled movers such as the Ural-375 series 6x6 medium-duty, multi-purpose 6x6 wheeled utility truck. The design is manufactured at the Ural Automotive Plant which was founded during the fighting of World War 2 (1939-1945) in 1941. This has allowed the Ural truck series to remain in active production up until 1993 since its introduction in 1961 after it was selected to succeed an aging line of ZiL-157 trucks in same role.

The Ural-375 series went on to see widespread global adoption with forces from Angola to Egypt and Syria to Vietnam. East Germany, Iraq, and the Soviet Union are all former operators of the type.

The base framework makes up the chassis of alternative platforms including the lengthened Ural-375A, the Ural-375E KET-L recovery vehicle, the civilian-minded Ural-377 6x4 hauler, and the 6x6 Ural-375S. The definitive model remains the Ural-375D with its all-steel passenger cabin while the Ural-375DM is a modernized form of the D-model series and saw production into 1991.

D-models have been used as the host vehicle to 85mm Divisional Field Guns as well as the famous BM-21 Grad Multiple-Launched Rocket System (MLRS) rocket-projecting vehicle.

The truck has a largely standard design arrangement with a crew cab seating three shoulder-to-shoulder. The driver sits front-left commanding the vehicle by way of a traditional steering column. The engine is seated in the bow behind a raised bumper assembly and protected headlamps. One axle is positioned under the engine compartment in the usual way while the rear is supported through a twin axle arrangement. The rear of the vehicle can be modified to suit the battlefield need and this includes rocket launching components, artillery systems, troop carriers, communications modules, canvas/tarp coverings, sideboard beds, and open-air flatbeds - such is the versatility of this proven vehicle.

Between the generous ground clearance and mud-running road tires, the truck is do-anything/go-anywhere type that serves its operators well.

The nation of Iran operates the Ural-375D in number from stocks received during the 1970s.

Chronologically, the Ural-375 has been superseded in the Russian military line-up by the Ural-4320 which was introduced around 1977. This vehicle, also seeing widespread global acceptance, continues the 6x6 wheeled arrangement and has been followed-up on itself by the Ural "Next".©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

In Active Service.

Ural Automobile Plant - Soviet Union / Russia
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Angola National flag of Egypt National flag of Ethiopia National flag of Georgia National flag of modern Germany National flag of East Germany National flag of Hungary National flag of Iraq National flag of Iran National flag of Namibia National flag of Poland National flag of Russia National flag of Serbia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Syria National flag of Vietnam Angola; East Germany; Egypt; Ethiopia; Georgia; Hungary; Iraq; Iran; Namibia; Poland; Russia; Serbia; Soviet Union; Syria; Vietnam
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Onboard systems provide solutions to accomplish a variety of battlefield engineering tasks.
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.
General utility-minded design to accomplish a variety of battlefield tasks, typically in a non-direct-combat fashion.
Special Purpose
Special purpose design developed to accomplish an equally-special battlefield role or roles.

Wheeled Arrangement
Wheeled arrangement gives this system an inherent road-running capability, enhancing mobility.
Cross-Country Capability
Design includes such features as a track-link system or high ground clearance to better traverse offroad.
NBC Protection
Crew is provided (either as standard or optional) protection against Nuclear-Biological-Chemical agents for enhanced survivability in contaminated zones.
Crew has access to night-vision equipment, allowing for low-light or night time operations.
Troop Carrier
Vehicle (or its variants) has an inherent troop-carrying capability, providing protected cover for embarked allies in contested areas.
Vehicle's proven running gear and overall makeup lends itself well to fulfill other battlefield roles by way of specialized designs.

24.1 ft
7.35 m
9.7 ft
2.96 m
9.8 ft
2.98 m
29,101 lb
13,200 kg
14.6 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Ural-375D production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x ZiL-375Ya 7.0L V8 gasoline-fueled engine developing 180 horsepower driving 6x6 wheeled arrangement.
Transmission: 1 x 5x2-Speed transmission system.
46.6 mph
(75.0 kph)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the Ural-375D production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)

Not Applicable.

Ural-375 - Base Series Designation.
Ural-375A - Lengthened chassis.
Ural-375D - Definitive production form; all-steel cabin; various armament fits including MLRS systems and 85mm Divisional Field Guns.
Ural-375E KET-L - Recovery vehicle variant.
Ural-375S - 6x6 tractor model.
Ural-377 - Civilian market model.
Ural-377S - 6x4 tractor form.
Ural-375DM - Modernized D-models.

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