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15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18)


150mm Towed Field Howitzer (1933)


Land Systems / Battlefield

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Image from the United States Army.

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The 150mm 15cm sFH 18 was the standard howitzer for German Divisions prior to - and during - World War 2.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/22/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com; the following text is exclusive to this site.
The 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18 (sFH 18) became the standard 149mm howitzer for German Army divisions of World War 2 (1939-1945). The weapon was originally developed to be horse-drawn (as all German artillery at the time was) but was later modified to be towed by mechanized means. A compromise was met to fit the Rheinmetall gun atop the Krupp carriage after several strong submissions were submitted for trials by both parties.

After the German invasion of the Soviet Union and the Soviet response thereafter, sFH 18 systems were found to be out-ranged by their counterparts so this forced modifications to be made to help increase engagement ranges. However, changes had an ill-effect on the barrels and recoil mechanism through excessive wear. As such, the modification program was abandoned though the remaining sFH 18 guns were still operated until their battlefield usefulness had expired. Modified guns went under the designation of "15-cm sFH 18(m)".

The sFH gun family came to be mounted on a motorized chassis and these vehicles were known as "Hummel" - or "Bumblebee" - and became a respected Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) system by the end of the war in 1945. sFH 18's were also present along Hitler's famous "Atlantic Wall" - the long-running line of fortifications and guns set along the French coast between France and Britain in attempt to thwart any Allied invasion from the North/West.

Several world powers continued fielding the sFH 18 after the war in large numbers including Czechoslovakia, Portugal, and many South American and Central American countries - such was the excellence of this field piece.

Specifications



Service Year
1933

Origin
Nazi Germany national flag graphic
Nazi Germany

Status
RETIRED
Not in Service.
Crew
5
CREWMEN
Production
5,403
UNITS


Krupp / Rheinmetall / Skoda / Spreewerke / MAN - Nazi Germany
National flag of Albania National flag of Bulgaria National flag of China National flag of Czechia National flag of Finland National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Italy National flag of the Kingdom of Italy National flag of Portugal National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Taiwan National flag of Yugoslavia Albania; Bulgaria; China; Czechoslovakia; Finland; Nazi Germany; Kingdom of Italy; Portugal; Soviet Union; Taiwan; Yugoslavia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.


Recoil Enhancement
Main weapon has an integral recoil mechanism, allowing the system to remain trained-on-target after firing.
Versatility
Vehicle's proven running gear and overall makeup lends itself well to fulfill other battlefield roles by way of specialized designs.
In-Direct Fire Capable
This system's capability is such that it can engage targets / target areas without Line-of-Sight attained.
Psychological Effect
Ability to provide lethal, in-direct firepower at range for area saturation; can include nuclear, biological, and chemical agents.


Length
14.6 ft
4.44 m
Weight
12,152 lb
5,512 kg
Tonnage
6.1 tons
LIGHT
(Showcased structural values pertain to the 15cm sFH 18 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: None. This is a towed artillery piece.
Range
8.3 mi
(13.3 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the 15cm sFH 18 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 149mm (14.9cm / 5.87in) main gun tube.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of an artillery gun tube/barrel


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Dependent on ammunition carrier. 149mmx260R case-separate-loading ammunition, each weighing 96lb (HE - High-Explosive).


15-cm sFH 18 - Base Series Designation.
15-cm sFH 18(M) - Modified propellant for increased range; fitted with muzzle brake; replaceable barrel liner.
15-cm sFH 18/40 - Fitted with sFH 40 series barrels; retaining sFH 18 carriage.
15-cm sFH 18/43 - Provision for bag charge; sliding block breech.
150 H/40 - Finnish Designation of 15cm sFH 18.
Cannone da 149/28 - Italian Designation of 15cm sFH 18.


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