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NORINCO PLL-09 (Type 09)

8-Wheeled Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) [ 2014 ]

The PLL-09, also known as the Type 09, is a 122mm-armed self-propelled howitzer form of the multirole Type 08 IFV.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/03/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The modern Chinese land army utilizes a vast collection of armored vehicles, both wheeled and tracked. In the former category, this exists as the PLL-09 - known to the People's Liberation Army (PLA) as the "Type 09". The vehicle is based in the proven chassis and running gear of the multi-faceted ZBL-08 (Type 08) 8x8 wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) with the primary difference being a heavier-duty, traversing turret fitting a powerful 122mm howitzer. The same vehicle can also sport a 155mm howitzer gun for even more improved fire support capability at-range.

Like other vehicles in the family, the PLL-09 can traverse cross-country easily enough thanks to its 8x8 wheeled configuration, oversized run-flat road wheels, and high ground clearance. The crew of three is modestly protected in light-to-medium armor which aids against small arms fire and shell splinters. Since the vehicle is not intended for frontline, direct line-of-sight combat, this is acceptable. The real value in the system is in laying down fire through in-direct, non-line-of-sight action behind the lines.

Much of the form and function of the original ZBL-08 is retained. A diesel-fueled engine powers the type to speeds of 100kmh out to a range of 800 kilometers. A semi-automatic transmission system is mated to the engine. An amphibious quality is built into the truck, allowing it to traverse water sources with little preparation.

The howitzer armament sits in the frontal face of the 360-degree traversing turret which encloses the gunnery crew and commander. The gun is fully-stabilized and comes complete with an integral recoil mechanism and multi-slotted muzzle brake. Smoke grenade dischargers are seen along the turret sides which help the vehicle provide its own smoke to screen actions against enemy eyes. An optional 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) can be affixed to the turret roof to protect against low-flying aircraft.

The PLL-09 is a common sight in PLA army actions, namely field exercises intended to train crews and assist in propaganda measures.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

China national flag graphic


NORINCO (China NORth INdustries Corporation) - China
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Amphibious Assault
Traverse bodies of open water under own power with / without preparation.
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.

26.2 ft
8 m
9.8 ft
3 m
6.9 ft
2.1 m
55,116 lb
25,000 kg
27.6 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base NORINCO PLL-09 (Type 09) production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Deutz BF6M1015C diesel-fueled engine developing 440 horsepower driving conventional eight-wheeled arrangement.
62.1 mph
(100.0 kph)
497.1 mi
(800.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base NORINCO PLL-09 (Type 09) production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 122mm or 155mm main gun in turret.
1 x 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof (optional).
12 x Smoke grenades on turret.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun
Graphical image of tank /armored vehicle smoke grenade dischargers

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
42 x 122mm projectiles OR 30 x 155mm projectiles (estimated).
500 x 12.7mm ammunition (estimated).
12 x Smoke Grenades.

PLL-09 - Base Series Designation; based the Type 08 IFV framework.
Type 09 - Alternative Designation.

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Images Gallery

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Image of the NORINCO PLL-09 (Type 09)
Image released to the public from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.

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