Aviation & Aerospace Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks U.S. Military Pay Special Forces DoD Dictionary (Alpha-to-Zulu) Military Alphabet Code

Panus HMV-420 (Mosquito)

4-Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV)

Thailand | 2018

"The Thai Panus HMV-420 can trace its lineage back to the American Cadillac Gage Commando of the Vietnam War period."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/12/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The HMV-150 is a local Thai 4x4 Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV) development of the Vietnam-era (1955-1975) Cadillac Gage "Commando" (V-100) Armored Personnel Carrier (APC). The new vehicle has been largely modified to suit Royal Thai Army requirements for a versatile, low-cost machine capable of accomplishing various battlefield roles - APC, Command & Control (CC2), base security, communications, light reconnaissance, anti-riot and-the-like. The design underwent extensive testing for several months with Royal Thai Army input. A further evolved form is the HMV-420P unveiled in November of 2018.

The original Commando vehicle saw production reach 3,200 and operators appeared all over the globe. The line was introduced in 1964 and saw extensive service with American forces in the Vietnam Conflict where it proved its worth to foreign buyers. About 150 V-150 vehicles make up the modern Royal Thai Army fleet. These were modernized by the concern of Panus Assembly Ltd to produce the local "HMV-150" designation (HMV = "High Mobility Vehicle") powered by a Cummins ISL 350 horsepower engine mated to an Allison 4500 series six-speed gearbox. The HMV-150 was introduced in 2017.

This four-wheeled armored vehicle, with its lineage traced back to the American V-100, now forms the basis for the all-modern "HMV-420" which was unveiled in September 2018. The newer product sports better protection and more internal space for its occupants and installed weapons while being powered by a Cummins diesel unit of 420 horsepower output (Allison 4500 gearbox). Armor protection is up to small arms fire and artillery spray but mobility is at the heart of such designs. Attention has also been given to enhanced protection against Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and land mines common to urban fighting. Armor reaches up to 16mm at crucial facings through a double-layer steel configuration.

Two or three personnel make up the fighting crew with room for combat-ready troops. The driver sits at front-left with the engine fitted at rear-left. The entire hull superstructure is a complete Thai rewrite of the original Cadillac Gage offering with stout, angled sides retained for basic ballistics protection and all windows being thick and bullet resistant. Entry-exit is through hinged side hull doors just ahead of the rear axle and the design retains the rear door entry-exit point. Firing ports are positioned along the sides of the hull to allow occupants to engage outside enemy elements from within the protected confines of the truck.


In November of 2018 Panus Assembly Ld unveiled its latest HMV-420 offering - the HMV-420P "Mosquito" AFV. The new design represents an up-armored form sporting larger road wheels that result in greater height but better clearance. The hull roof can be home to an optional Remote Weapon Station (RWS) and this emplacement can be outfitted with machine guns (up to 12.7mm), grenade launchers, and Anti-Tank Guided-Missiles (ATGMs) as needed. 6 x Smoke grenade dischargers provide a self-screening capability (three installed at either turret side). Drive power is from a Cummins diesel and this gives the truck a road speed of up to 110 kmh. All four roadwheels are steerable in the HMV-420P.

Specifications of the new mark include a weight of 16 tons, an overall length of 6.72 meters, a width of 2.85 meters, and a height nearing 3 meters.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Panus HMV-420 4-Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV).
1 x Cummins ISL Euro 3 diesel-fueled engine developing between 350 and 420 horsepower to a four-wheeled arrangement.
Installed Power
68 mph
110 kph
Road Speed
The physical qualities of the Panus HMV-420 4-Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV).
22.0 ft
6.72 meters
O/A Length
9.4 ft
2.85 meters
O/A Width
9.8 ft
2.98 meters
O/A Height
35,274 lb
16,000 kg | 17.6 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Panus HMV-420 (Mosquito) 4-Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV).
1 x Remote Weapon Station (RWS) on turret roof housing machine gun, grenade launcher, and Anti-Tank, Guided-Missile (ATGM) armament.
6 x Smoke grenade dischargers on turret (if equipped).

Also any personal weapons carried by the crew.
Dependent upon armament fit. 6 x Smoke grenades (if equipped).
Nightvision - OPTIONAL.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - OPTIONAL.
Notable series variants as part of the Panus HMV-420 (Mosquito) family line.
HMV-420 - Base series designation; based on the earlier/updated HMV-150, itself based on the American V-150.
HMV-420P "Mosquito" - Enhanced protection/capability military model.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Panus HMV-420 (Mosquito). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 2 Units

Contractor(s): Panus Assembly LTD - Thailand / Cadillac Cage - USA
National flag of Thailand

[ Thailand (possible) ]
1 / 1
Image of the Panus HMV-420 (Mosquito)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Going Further...
The Panus HMV-420 (Mosquito) 4-Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV) appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)