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KAMAZ Tornado-G


6x6 Wheeled Mobile Multiple-Launch Rocket System (MLRS)


Russia | 2014



"The Kamaz Tornado-G product was selected to replace the Cold War-era BM-21 Grad rocket-projecting systems in Russian Army service."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/21/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The KAMAZ Tornado-G is a mobile, self-propelled, wheeled Multiple-Launch Rocket System (MLRS) developed by local Russian industry for the Russian Army. It is being used to succeed the aging line of Cold War-era BM-21 "Grad" MLRSs (detailed elsewhere on this site) in same battlefield role. Over 150 of the systems are thought to be currently (2018) in active service with the Russian Army.

The "Tornado" name is used to cover a family of related rocket-projecting vehicles in the Russian inventory including the "Tornado-U" and "Tornado-S" models - all have slightly different battlefield roles concerning their rocket-launching capabilities.

The G-model vehicles use a proven six-wheeled truck arrangement (KAMAZ or Ural-4320 type) with the engine and driving cab set at the front and a flatbed section set over the rear of the chassis. The rear section seats the 122mm rocket-launching pack atop a traversing / elevating mount for true 360-dergee fields of fire. This is tactically sound in that the truck does not need to face the direction of fire at any one point in the action. The launcher component is available in two distinct forms - 1 x 40 version and a 2 x 15 version. The chassis relies on a 6x6 wheeled arrangement with a single, steerable axle at front and two fixed axles at the rear supporting the bulk of the rocket launcher pack's weight. Ground clearance is excellent and the chassis is designed for cross-country mobility. Protection is very minimal, however, for these weapon systems are not intended for direct-combat, front-line operation.

The Tornado-G fires the 9M538, 9M539, and 9M541 rocket types which can carry variable warhead types including High-Explosive, FRAGmentation (HE-FRAG), Anti-Personnel (AP), and the like. The launching system is simplified to the point that rockets vacate the launcher unit in just seconds and rearming is accomplished in short order (via support from an accompanying resupply vehicle. Combined with the quality of mobility inherent in a 6x6 drive vehicle and the Tornado-G is an all-in-one ranged battlefield solution.

Series production of the vehicles began in 2013 and export approval was granted in 2018.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the KAMAZ Tornado-G 6x6 Wheeled Mobile Multiple-Launch Rocket System (MLRS).
1 x Kamaz OR Ural diesel-fueled engine delivering power to 6x6 wheeled arrangement.
Installed Power
62 mph
100 kph
Road Speed
466 miles
750 km
Range
Structure
The physical qualities of the KAMAZ Tornado-G 6x6 Wheeled Mobile Multiple-Launch Rocket System (MLRS).
2
(MANNED)
Crew
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the KAMAZ Tornado-G 6x6 Wheeled Mobile Multiple-Launch Rocket System (MLRS).
30 OR 40 x 122mm rocket-launching tubes on traversing / elevating mounting system.
AMMUNITION:
1 x 40 OR 2 x 15 122mm rockets.
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - YES (OPTIONAL).
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES (OPTIONAL).
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the KAMAZ Tornado-G family line.
Tornado-G - Base Series Name.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the KAMAZ Tornado-G. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 151 Units

Contractor(s): KAMAZ - Russia
National flag of Russia

[ Russia ]
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Image of the KAMAZ Tornado-G
Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
FIRE SUPPORT / ASSAULT / BREACHING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The KAMAZ Tornado-G 6x6 Wheeled Mobile Multiple-Launch Rocket System (MLRS) appears in the following collections:
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