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T-25 (STZ-25)


Light Tank Prototype (1938)


Land Systems / Battlefield

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Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

The T-25 was developed by Stalingrad Tractor Works to improve on the mobility of the T-26 Light Tank design - it failed in most respects.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 12/05/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
As successful as the T-26 Light Tank had become for the Soviet Army in the early-to-mid-1930s, engineers were constantly attempting to improve the design. This ultimately led to a series of test and pilot vehicles which largely failed to become greater than its progenitor. One such project became the "T-46" (detailed elsewhere on this site) which entailed the T-26 framework mated to the American Christie suspension system (a departure from the T-26's original wheeled bogie arrangement). Tests proved the vehicle sound but cost was a key factor in its demise (a T-28 Medium Tank of greater power and tactical value could be had for the same price). Another entry following on the heels of the T-26's success during the period became the "T-25" - also known as the "STZ-25".

Once again, mobility was at the heart of this venture and development work began in the middle part of the 1930s leading to the pilot form being revealed in 1938. The work was handled by the Stalingrad Tractor Works and, once again, the Christie suspension system was at the heart of the T-26 offshoot project. The running gear involved four road wheels to a hull side with the drive sprocket at front and the track idler at rear with just one track-return roller being used. Engineers retained the internal running gear components as well as most of the original hull and turret component from the existing T-26 design with the exception being that the forward hull superstructure was modified to improve basic ballistics protection from head-on attacks.

Armament remained 1 x 45mm 20K L-46 main gun in the turret with local defense provided by 1 x 7.62mm FT machine gun in a co-axial mounting. Drive power was from a single GAZ-T-26 Otto 6-cylinder gasoline-fueled engine developing 95 horsepower to the track-and-wheel arrangement. Road speeds could reach 28kmh and range was out to 200 kilometers. Combat weight reached 11.7 tonnes with dimensions including an overall length of 4.85 meters, a beam of 2.68 meters and a height of 2.37 meters. The crew remained three (driver, commander and gunner). Armor protection reached 24mm at its maximum.

Like the BT series of Fast Tanks (detailed elsewhere on this site), the T-25 would have the ability to run on its road wheels without its tracks. This improved road speeds and operational range (in prepared roads) considerably, the vehicle now ranging out to 400 kilometers.

Testing on the T-25 ensued in 1939 but the mechanical system proved unreliable under conditions and, again, serial manufacture cost was became an issue going forward. Engineers attempted to remedy this with the development of the simplified "STZ-35" / "ST-35" design but even this tank evolved no further.

With the arrival of World War 2 in September of 1939, such side projects as the T-25 took a backseat to more pressing matters for the Red Army.

Specifications



Service Year
1938

Origin
Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Crew
3
CREWMEN
Production
2
UNITS


Stalingrad Tractor Works - Soviet Union
National flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union (cancelled)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Infantry Support
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems.
Tank-vs-Tank
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.
Reconaissance
Can conduct reconnaissance / scout missions to assess threat levels, enemy strength, et al - typically through lightweight design.


Length
15.9 ft
4.85 m
Width
8.8 ft
2.68 m
Height
7.8 ft
2.37 m
Weight
25,794 lb
11,700 kg
Tonnage
12.9 tons
LIGHT
(Showcased structural values pertain to the T-25 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x GAZ-T-26 6-cylinder Otto gasoline-fueled engine developing 95 horsepower.
Speed
17.4 mph
(28.0 kph)
Range
124.3 mi
(200.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the T-25 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 45mm 20K L-46 main gun in turret.
1 x 7.62mm DT machine gun in coaxial mounting in turret.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Not Available.


T-25 (STZ-25) - Base Series Designation; T-26 framework with Christie roadwheel-based suspension system.
ST-35 (STZ-35) - Simplified variant intended to remedy the issues of complexity and cost found in the T-25 proposal.


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