Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Chart (2023) Military Ranks
Land Systems / Battlefield

NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89)

Amphibious Assault Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle [ 1999 ]

The NORINCO PLZ-89 series self-propelled gun platform was debuted in the 1999 National Day military parade of China.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/08/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Following in line with Soviet-era armored doctrine, the Chinese Army has always put a premium on amphibious assault-minded vehicles and this is proven by such types as the PLZ-89 Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) vehicle series. This 20-ton development, debuting in 1999, carries a 122mm main gun in a fully-enclosed turret and an operating crew of five. It was adopted by the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China as a direct successor to the aging lines of Type 70 and Type 85 122mm-armed systems. The PLZ-89 is also known under the designation of "Type 89" and serves both Chinese Army and Marine services in the hundreds.

The 122mm gun fires various shell types out to 18 kilometers when using standard charges. Rocket-assisted projectiles can reach as far out as 21 kilometers. The gun can achieve a rare-of-fire up to eight rounds-per-minute and is digitally-controlled through a modern interface. Beyond this armament fit is a single 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) fitted to the roof to serve in the air space denial role.

Drive power is from a single 12V150L 12-cylinder liquid-cooled, diesel-fueled engine outputting 450 horsepower. Road speeds can reach 60 kmh and driving ranges are out to 500 kilometers. A torsion bar suspension system provides better off-road capability.

It is the fully amphibious nature (some preparation is required) of the PLZ-89 that makes it a unique component of any Chinese amphibious assault operation. This quality allows the vehicle to be launched close-to-shore and make its way to the beach to begin assailing key enemy defensive positions more inland in support of advancing, fast-moving marine elements. The turret offers a full 360-degree rotation as well as limited elevation but adds tactical flexibility. The crew is given an NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) protection suite as well as an automated fire suppression system should an onboard fire threaten the crew and ammunition stock. Smoke grenade dischargers help to shield the vehicle from enemy eyes.

Armor protection for crew and systems alike is only up to small arms fire and artillery spray. As such, the vehicle is not intended for direct frontline combat and instead serves a behind-the-frontlines role.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

China national flag graphic


China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Amphibious Assault
Traverse bodies of open water under own power with / without preparation.
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.

36.1 ft
11 m
11.2 ft
3.4 m
6.6 ft
2 m
44,092 lb
20,000 kg
22.0 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89) production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x 12V150L12 liquid-cooled diesel-fueled engine developing 450 horsepower.
37.3 mph
(60.0 kph)
310.7 mi
(500.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89) production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 122mm howitzer main gun.
1 x 12.7mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG).
2 x 4 Smoke Grenade Dischargers.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun
Graphical image of tank /armored vehicle smoke grenade dischargers

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
8 x Smoke Grenades.

PLZ-89 - Base Series Designation
Type 89 - Alternative Designation

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Images Gallery

1 / 1
Image of the NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89)
Image from User via email.


Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2023 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons.

View day-by-day actions of the American Civil War with CivilWarTimeline.net. View day-by-day actions of World War II with SecondWorldWarHistory.com.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)