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NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89)

Amphibious Assault Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle

China | 1999

"The NORINCO PLZ-89 series self-propelled gun platform was debuted in the 1999 National Day military parade of China."

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89) Amphibious Assault Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle.
1 x 12V150L12 liquid-cooled diesel-fueled engine developing 450 horsepower.
Installed Power
37 mph
60 kph
Road Speed
311 miles
500 km
The physical qualities of the NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89) Amphibious Assault Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle.
36.1 ft
11 meters
O/A Length
11.2 ft
3.4 meters
O/A Width
6.6 ft
2 meters
O/A Height
44,092 lb
20,000 kg | 22.0 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89) Amphibious Assault Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle.
1 x 122mm howitzer main gun.
1 x 12.7mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG).
2 x 4 Smoke Grenade Dischargers.
8 x Smoke Grenades.
Notable series variants as part of the NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89) family line.
PLZ-89 - Base Series Designation
Type 89 - Alternative Designation

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/08/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Following in line with Soviet-era armored doctrine, the Chinese Army has always put a premium on amphibious assault-minded vehicles and this is proven by such types as the PLZ-89 Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) vehicle series. This 20-ton development, debuting in 1999, carries a 122mm main gun in a fully-enclosed turret and an operating crew of five. It was adopted by the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China as a direct successor to the aging lines of Type 70 and Type 85 122mm-armed systems. The PLZ-89 is also known under the designation of "Type 89" and serves both Chinese Army and Marine services in the hundreds.

The 122mm gun fires various shell types out to 18 kilometers when using standard charges. Rocket-assisted projectiles can reach as far out as 21 kilometers. The gun can achieve a rare-of-fire up to eight rounds-per-minute and is digitally-controlled through a modern interface. Beyond this armament fit is a single 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) fitted to the roof to serve in the air space denial role.

Drive power is from a single 12V150L 12-cylinder liquid-cooled, diesel-fueled engine outputting 450 horsepower. Road speeds can reach 60 kmh and driving ranges are out to 500 kilometers. A torsion bar suspension system provides better off-road capability.

It is the fully amphibious nature (some preparation is required) of the PLZ-89 that makes it a unique component of any Chinese amphibious assault operation. This quality allows the vehicle to be launched close-to-shore and make its way to the beach to begin assailing key enemy defensive positions more inland in support of advancing, fast-moving marine elements. The turret offers a full 360-degree rotation as well as limited elevation but adds tactical flexibility. The crew is given an NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) protection suite as well as an automated fire suppression system should an onboard fire threaten the crew and ammunition stock. Smoke grenade dischargers help to shield the vehicle from enemy eyes.

Armor protection for crew and systems alike is only up to small arms fire and artillery spray. As such, the vehicle is not intended for direct frontline combat and instead serves a behind-the-frontlines role.

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Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 350 Units

Contractor(s): China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
National flag of China

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Image of the NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89)
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Going Further...
The NORINCO PLZ-89 (Type 89) Amphibious Assault Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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