Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Scale (2024) Special Forces

DRDO Pinaka

Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)

India | 1998

"The Pinaka MLRS system has seen combat action in the Kargil War in 1999 between India and neighboring Pakistan."

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the DRDO Pinaka Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS).
1 x Diesel engine of unknown make and model developing unknown output power (Kolos Tatra / BEML 8x8 wheeled truck as carrier).
Installed Power
37 mph
60 kph
Road Speed
466 miles
750 km
The physical qualities of the DRDO Pinaka Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS).
39.4 ft
12 meters
O/A Length
10.0 ft
3.05 meters
O/A Width
10.0 ft
3.05 meters
O/A Height
88,185 lb
40,000 kg | 44.1 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the DRDO Pinaka Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS).
12 x 214mm rockets (variable warhead types).
12 x Rockets. Reloads depend on accompanying resupply vehicles. Warhead types supported include conventional explosive, anti-tank, anti-infantry, chemical and nuclear.
Notable series variants as part of the DRDO Pinaka family line.
Pinaka - Base Series Name.
Pinaka-I - Original production model
Ponaka-II - Enhanced rocket capabilities
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/01/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

All of the leading armies of the world field some form of Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) on the battlefield. These vehicles serve in the area saturation role but more advanced types can conduct surgical strikes, either through conventional warheads or specialized rounds, from well out of range of an enemy response. In the mid-1980s, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India undertook development of a new MLRS weapon system that became the "Pinaka" in service. Three major marks of the line have since emerged.

The Pinaka was originally formed around a 1981 requirement by the Indian Army for a long-range area saturation weapon to succeed an aging line of Soviet-era types in same role. By the mid-1990s the indigenous system was ready for service and, following the requisite trials and testing phase, saw introduction into the Indian Army inventory.

To date (2017), some 54 Pinaka vehicles are in circulation with the Indian Army and these have been manufactured by the likes of Tata Power SED, Larsen & Toubro and the Ordnance Factories Board. Manufacture has been ongoing since 1998 and Soviet-era BM-21 vehicles are being replaced by these newer machines in Indian Army service.

The complete weapon system consists of an 8x8 wheeled heavy-duty, diesel-powered military truck with a fully-protected driving cab at front and fighting compartment set over midships. Over the rear section of the flatbed is the launcher component which has its own elevation and traversal mechanisms allowing the missile pods to be aimed independently from the direction that the truck is facing. Support arms are lowered prior to the rockets firing to help stabilize the launcher and assist in recoil. The launcher components have two pods of six rockets each for a total of twelve rockets. The rockets are of 214mm caliber and both pods can be cleared in under 45 seconds with reloading accomplished by an accompanying resupply vehicle. A full Pinaka battery counts six launchers. Night vision is optional for the crew for low-light / night time environments.

Beyond the conventional explosive warhead, the rockets can also carry chemical, nuclear and anti-infantry/anti-tank payloads. The rockets can further be fired locally or remotely and cover a large area - suitable for eliminating a stubborn enemy presence or driving soft targets either underground or rearwards.

The original model, the Pinaka Mk.1, appeared with an inherent engagement range out to 30 kilometers. This was then later improved by the follow-up Pinaka Mk.2 variant which has seen engagement ranges increase to 65 kilometers. Still another improved model has since appeared on the horizon, the Pinaka Mk.3, which promises to increase engagement ranges out to 120 kilometers. Additional improvements (helped along by the Israelis) include GPS-guided munitions for surgical strikes.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the DRDO Pinaka. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 54 Units

Contractor(s): Tata Power SED / Larsen and Toubro / Ordnance Factories Board / DRDO - India
National flag of India

[ India ]
1 / 1
Image of the DRDO Pinaka
Official image from DRDO.

Going Further...
The DRDO Pinaka Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks of the World U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols Breakdown U.S. 5-Star Generals List WWII Weapons by Country World War Next

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)