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Type 1 Ho-Ha

Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Half-Track Vehicle

Imperial Japan | 1944

"The Type 1 Ho-Ha Half-Track Armored Personnel Carrier only became available to Japan in 1944 - leading to limited production figures before the end of the war."

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Type 1 Ho-Ha Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Half-Track Vehicle.
1 x Diesel engine developing 134 horsepower at 2,000 rpm.
Installed Power
31 mph
50 kph
Road Speed
171 miles
275 km
The physical qualities of the Type 1 Ho-Ha Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Half-Track Vehicle.
20.0 ft
6.1 meters
O/A Length
6.9 ft
2.1 meters
O/A Width
8.2 ft
2.51 meters
O/A Height
14,330 lb
6,500 kg | 7.2 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Type 1 Ho-Ha Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Half-Track Vehicle.
1 to 3 x 7.7mm Type 97 Light Machine Gun(s) (LMGs)
Not Available.
Notable series variants as part of the Type 1 Ho-Ha family line.
Type 1 Ho-Ha - Base Series Designation
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/13/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

The half-track as a military armored vehicle saw its heyday in World War 2 (1939-1945) where they were built in the tens of thousands and operated by all major participants in the war. For the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), only a few notable types were developed. A late-war addition became the Type 1 "Ho-Ha" series which only saw limited production - for it only entered service in 1944.

Half-tracks held inherent value to warplanners for their strong hauling power, the ability to keep up with the main mechanized fighting force and proceed cross-country with equal vigor. Many were used as prime movers for artillery, infantrymen and supplies, getting these cargoes from Point A to Point B and all places in between. Such vehicles adopted the same arrangement - a tank-like track-and-wheel scheme under the rear of the vehicle with a truck-like, steerable pair of road wheels at the front axle.

The Type 1 was influenced by the successful SdKfz 251 series half-track fielded en masse by the German Army and operated as the service's standard half-track vehicle across Africa and Europe. As such, the Japanese offering followed the German design in both form and function - save that the IJA model showcased an all new track wheel arrangement (no overlapping wheels as in the German model). The driving compartment was held at front in the traditional manner and aft of the engine compartment. Aft of the driver was the passenger / cargo space. Armament was strictly self-defensive in nature - up to 3 x 7.7mm Type 97 Light Machine Guns (LMGs) could be installed to cover various angles of the vehicle, though firing arcs were limited due to their placement about the hull superstructure. A standard operating crew numbered three with space for up to twelve passengers.

Power came from a single diesel-fueled engine of134 horsepower and offered road speeds up to 31 miles per hour. Armor protection ranges up to 8mm along the thickest facing. Overall weight of the vehicle reached 6,500 kilograms. Dimensions included a length of 20 feet, a width of nearly 7 feet and a height of8.2 feet.

Design work on the vehicle began as early as 1941 but the finalized form did not enter production with Hino Motors until 1944. For those examples that made it off the assembly lines and into the active IJA inventory, they saw limited operation service during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) as well as the Battle of the Philippines (1944-1945). However their low available numbers restricted their strategic value in the far-reaching war. IJA authorities were also better sold on the concept of traditional, tried-and-proven wheeled trucks as movers and haulers.

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Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Type 1 Ho-Ha. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 250 Units

Contractor(s): Hino Motors - Imperial Japan
National flag of modern Japan

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Image of the Type 1 Ho-Ha
Image from the Public Domain.

Going Further...
The Type 1 Ho-Ha Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Half-Track Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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