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WORLD WAR 2

KV-8 (Klimenti Voroshilov)


Flamethrower Tank (1942)


Land Systems / Battlefield

The KV-1 Heavy Tank formed the basis for the KV-8 Flamethrower Tank, the original 76mm main gun reduced to a 45mm design to make room for the new equipment.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/04/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Like other major armies of World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviets evolved one of their existing combat tank systems into a self-propelled flame-projecting platform. This came in the form of the KV-1 Heavy Tank series (detailed elsewhere on this site) modified for the role in 1942 as the "KV-8". The Tank was essentially faithful in form and function to the original KV-1 design but installed the ATO-41 series flamethrower next to the coaxial machine gun fitting (7.62mm BT). As this new arrangement reduced internal space in an already-cramped turret, the original 76.2mm main gun was replaced with the smaller 45mm Model 1932 series anti-tank gun.

In an effort to fool the Germans, the 45mm gun barrel had the gun tube of the 76mm set over it, allowing the KV-8 to retain the appearance of a true KV-1.

Internally there was still a crew of five operatives. The vehicle weighed 52.3 tons and showcased a length of 6.79 meters, a width of 3.32 meters and a height of 3.65 meters. Power was from a single V-2K V12 diesel engine developing 600 horsepower and allowing for road speeds of 35 kmh to be reached with an operational range out to 160 kilometers.

Approximately 42 KV-8 vehicles were produced. Twenty-five appeared as the KV-8S and based on the KV-1S production model (an upgraded version of the KV-1 with reworked turret, uprated transmission and better performance). These carried the ATO-42 series flamethrower as well which was an improved version of the earlier ATO-41. The KV-8M followed as a proposed, upgraded variant of the KV-8S model intended to carry two flamethrowers. Only two prototypes of this form were built and the design was not adopted for service.

Specifications



Service Year
1942

Origin
Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Crew
5
CREWMEN
Production
69
UNITS


State Factories - Soviet Union
National flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.
Tank-vs-Tank
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.
Special Purpose
Special purpose design developed to accomplish an equally-special battlefield role or roles.


Length
22.3 ft
6.79 m
Width
10.9 ft
3.32 m
Height
12.0 ft
3.65 m
Weight
104,598 lb
47,445 kg
Tonnage
52.3 tons
HEAVY
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base KV-8 (Klimenti Voroshilov) production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x V-2K V12 diesel-fueled engine developing 600 horsepower.
Speed
21.7 mph
(35.0 kph)
Range
99.4 mi
(160.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base KV-8 (Klimenti Voroshilov) production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 45mm Model 1932 main gun
1 x ATO-41 flamethrower in coaxial mounting
1 x 7.62mm BT machine gun in coaxial mounting
1 x 7.62mm BT machine gun in rear-facing position


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
100 x 45mm projectiles (estimated)
3,000 x 7.62mm ammunition (estimated)


KV-8 - Base Series Designation; initial production form; 42 examples completed with ATO-41 flamethrowers.
KV-8S - Based on the improved KV-1S production models; 25 examples completed with ATO-42 flamethrower support.
KV-8M - Proposed, upgraded model to carry two flamethrower weapons; only two prototypes completed.


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