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General Dynamics AVGP (Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose)

6-Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV)

Armor / Land Systems

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Image from the Public Domain.

The Canadian AVGP, retired in 2005, was formed from the popular and proven Swiss MOWAG Piranha I 6x6 wheeled vehicle.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/13/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The AVGP ("Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose") was adopted into the inventory of the Canadian military in 1976 to fulfill a 1974 requirement. Three vehicles were evaluated with the eventual winner becoming the Swiss-made MOWAG Piranha I (detailed elsewhere on this site) in 6x6 wheeled configuration. Local production was granted and the first production-quality units were added in 1979. The service took on the vehicle in three distinct forms designated "Grizzly", "Cougar" and "Husky" - all destined to serve in the Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV) role. Production totaled 496 vehicles of all three variants.

The Cougar, manufactured to the tune of 195 units, carried a crew of three with room for two passengers at the rear. Its armament was 1 x 76mm L23A1 turreted main gun capable of firing several munition types with 1 x 7.62mm Medium Machine Gun in a coaxial fitting. 2 x 4 banks of smoke grenade dischargers were installed for self-screening actions.

The Grizzly, produced in 274 examples, held a crew of two and was armed through 1 x 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) and 1 x 7.62mm MMG. 2 x 4 banks of smoke grenade dischargers were also installed.

The Huskey, produced in 27 examples, had a crew of three with passenger space for six at the rear. Its armament suite was made up of 1 x 7.62mm MMG and 2 x 4 banks of smoke grenade dischargers.

All models weighed in the 10.7 tonne range and were powered by 1 x Detroit Diesel 6V53T two-cycle, turbo-charged diesel engine developing 275 horsepower. The vehicle used a 6x6 fully-suspended wheeled configuration for excellent cross-country capabilities and a built-in amphibious quality allowed them to traverse water sources. Road speeds could reach 100 kilometers per hour. Dimensions included a length of 5.97 meters with a width of 2.5 meters.

The series saw combat service in peace-keeping actions (as part of the United Nations) concerning the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. Beyond this, their exposure in such environments was limited. A measure to modernize the fleet fell to naught in the mid-2000s and the fleet was retired from frontline service. After this, stocks went to Africa for peace-keeping service in Sudan (with local African crews operating them).

In 1008-2009, Uruguay moved on purchasing ex-Canadian Army Cougars, Grizzlies and Huskies. The Cougars were reworked locally by FAMAE and appeared with deleted turrets for service as Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs).


General Dynamics Land Systems - Canada
496 Units
National flag of Canada National flag of Uruguay Canada (retired); Uruguay
- Amphibious
- Infantry Support
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
- Troop-Carrying
- Support / Special Purpose |
19.59 ft (5.97 m)
8.20 ft (2.5 m)
8.86 ft (2.7 m)
12 tons (10,700 kg; 23,589 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the General Dynamics AVGP (Cougar 6x6) production model)
1 x Detroit Diesel 6V53T 2-cycle turbocharged diesel-fueled engine developing 275 horsepower.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the General Dynamics AVGP (Cougar 6x6) production model)
Maximum Speed:
62 mph (100 kph)
Maximum Range:
373 miles (600 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the General Dynamics AVGP (Cougar 6x6) production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 76mm L23A1 main gun in Scorpion tank turret
1 x 7.62mm coaxial machine gun
8 x Smoke grenade dischargers

1 x 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG)
1 x 7.62mm Medium Machine Gun (MMG)
8 x Smoke grenade dischargers

1 x 7.62mm Medium Machine Gun (MMG)
8 x Smoke grenade dischargers

Dependent upon armament fit.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the General Dynamics AVGP (Cougar 6x6) production model)
AVGP - Base Series Name; based on the Swiss MOWAG Piranha I model series.
"Cougar" - Fire support vehicle, reconnaissance and tank training variant; fitted with 76mm-armed Scorpion light tank turret; three-man crew.
"Grizzly" - Armored Personnel Carrier form; Cadillac-Gage turret fitting 1 x 12.7mm HMG and 1 x 7.62mm MMG; three-man crew.
"Husky" - Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) form; two-man crew.

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