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General Dynamics AVGP (Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose)

6-Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV)

General Dynamics AVGP (Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose)

6-Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV)

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Canadian AVGP, retired in 2005, was formed from the popular and proven Swiss MOWAG Piranha I 6x6 wheeled vehicle.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Canada
YEAR: 1979
MANUFACTURER(S): General Dynamics Land Systems - Canada
PRODUCTION: 496
OPERATORS: Canada (retired); Uruguay
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the General Dynamics AVGP (Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 3
LENGTH: 19.59 feet (5.97 meters)
WIDTH: 8.20 feet (2.5 meters)
HEIGHT: 8.86 feet (2.7 meters)
WEIGHT: 12 Tons (10,700 kilograms; 23,589 pounds)
ENGINE: 1 x Detroit Diesel 6V53T 2-cycle turbocharged diesel-fueled engine developing 275 horsepower.
SPEED: 62 miles-per-hour (100 kilometers-per-hour)
RANGE: 373 miles (600 kilometers)




ARMAMENT



Cougar:
1 x 76mm L23A1 main gun in Scorpion tank turret
1 x 7.62mm coaxial machine gun
8 x Smoke grenade dischargers

Grizzly:
1 x 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG)
1 x 7.62mm Medium Machine Gun (MMG)
8 x Smoke grenade dischargers

Husky:
1 x 7.62mm Medium Machine Gun (MMG)
8 x Smoke grenade dischargers

Ammunition:
Dependent upon armament fit.
NBC PROTECTION: Yes
NIGHTVISION: Yes
AMPHIBIOUS: Yes.
SMOKE GENERATION: Yes.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• AVGP - Base Series Name; based on the Swiss MOWAG Piranha I model series.
• "Cougar" - Fire support vehicle, reconnaissance and tank training variant; fitted with 76mm-armed Scorpion light tank turret; three-man crew.
• "Grizzly" - Armored Personnel Carrier form; Cadillac-Gage turret fitting 1 x 12.7mm HMG and 1 x 7.62mm MMG; three-man crew.
• "Husky" - Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) form; two-man crew.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the General Dynamics AVGP (Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose) 6-Wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV).  Entry last updated on 9/13/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The AVGP ("Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose") was adopted into the inventory of the Canadian military in 1976 to fulfill a 1974 requirement. Three vehicles were evaluated with the eventual winner becoming the Swiss-made MOWAG Piranha I (detailed elsewhere on this site) in 6x6 wheeled configuration. Local production was granted and the first production-quality units were added in 1979. The service took on the vehicle in three distinct forms designated "Grizzly", "Cougar" and "Husky" - all destined to serve in the Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV) role. Production totaled 496 vehicles of all three variants.

The Cougar, manufactured to the tune of 195 units, carried a crew of three with room for two passengers at the rear. Its armament was 1 x 76mm L23A1 turreted main gun capable of firing several munition types with 1 x 7.62mm Medium Machine Gun in a coaxial fitting. 2 x 4 banks of smoke grenade dischargers were installed for self-screening actions.

The Grizzly, produced in 274 examples, held a crew of two and was armed through 1 x 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) and 1 x 7.62mm MMG. 2 x 4 banks of smoke grenade dischargers were also installed.

The Huskey, produced in 27 examples, had a crew of three with passenger space for six at the rear. Its armament suite was made up of 1 x 7.62mm MMG and 2 x 4 banks of smoke grenade dischargers.

All models weighed in the 10.7 tonne range and were powered by 1 x Detroit Diesel 6V53T two-cycle, turbo-charged diesel engine developing 275 horsepower. The vehicle used a 6x6 fully-suspended wheeled configuration for excellent cross-country capabilities and a built-in amphibious quality allowed them to traverse water sources. Road speeds could reach 100 kilometers per hour. Dimensions included a length of 5.97 meters with a width of 2.5 meters.

The series saw combat service in peace-keeping actions (as part of the United Nations) concerning the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. Beyond this, their exposure in such environments was limited. A measure to modernize the fleet fell to naught in the mid-2000s and the fleet was retired from frontline service. After this, stocks went to Africa for peace-keeping service in Sudan (with local African crews operating them).

In 1008-2009, Uruguay moved on purchasing ex-Canadian Army Cougars, Grizzlies and Huskies. The Cougars were reworked locally by FAMAE and appeared with deleted turrets for service as Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs).




MEDIA