Following in line with the global movement towards MRAP (Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected) vehicles, the Russian Army has adopted several designs through its "Typhoon" program, established in 2010. The endeavor has netted strong candidates from various concerns including KAMAZ and Ural with products being introduced as recently as 2014. The Ural Typhoon design in more conventional in its design arrangement while the KAMAZ offering is more utilitarian - though both offer excellent protection against small arms fire, shell splinters, land mines, roadside bombs, and Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG) attacks.
The Ural Typhoon features a 6x6 wheeled arrangement that sees the engine in a forward placement, the driving cab immediately behind, and a passenger cabin aft. Wheels are run-flat and spread about a frontal axle and a rear-mounted pairing with suspension is to all six wheels. Power is from a JAMZ-5367 series turbo-charged, diesel-fueled engine of 450 horsepower output mated to an automatic six-speed transmission system. Operational range reaches 1,120 miles with road speeds maxing at 65 miles per hour.
The standard operating crew is three with additional seating for up to sixteen. The cabin includes a rectangular door at the rear provides quick access to the outside and gun ports allow the occupants to engage with personal weapons as needed. All windows offer bulletproof resistance up to 14.5mm AP rounds or explosive forces from an 8 kilogram source. The high ground clearance of the chassis adds additional protection against land mines under the truck and aids in crossing water sources or uneven terrain. The vehicle roof supports a Remote Weapon System (RWS) for the mounting of a 7.62mm or 14.5mm medium/heavy machine gun.
There are currently (2016) two primary models in the Ural Typhoon line - the Model 63055 which seats fourteen passengers and the Model 63059 which seats the full sixteen.
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