The NORINCO (China NORth INdustries COrporation) Type 70 became the first Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) vehicle to be produced by Chinese factories. This form was nothing more than a turreted gun carrier built atop the existing framework of the NORINCO Type 63-1 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) in Chinese military service. The Type 63-1 was notable in becoming the first Chinese-made APC to be designed, developed, and built without Soviet input.
The Type 70 SPA retained the same inherent capabilities of the Type 63 APC including its four roadwheels to a hull side and was driven by a turbo-charged diesel-fueled unit. The hull sat atop a torsion bar suspension system and used a conventional track-and-wheel arrangement. In time, this vehicle was updated to become the "Type 70-1" SPA which, due to its lengthened hull, now sported five roadwheels to a hull side. Unlike the original Type 70, the Type 70-1 was finished with no overhead or rear protection for its gunnery crew - retaining only the frontal and side shields. The total vehicle crew numbered seven.
The gun mounting for the 122mm barrel/gun tube allowed for a traversal of +22.5 degrees left and right from centerline and an elevation span of +63 to -2.5 degrees up and down. The main gun could reach out to target areas of 11,800 meters and fired the usual gamut of projectile types including High-Explosive (HE), smoke, and illumination rounds. A total of 40 x 122mm projectiles were typically carried along with 1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
Beyond its 122mm main gun armament, the vehicle was completed with a 7.62mm Type 67 machine gun based on the Soviet RP-46 system. This weapon could be brought to bear against enemy infantry as well as low-flying threats.
The Type 70-1 was eventually superseded by the 122mm Type 85 design which was followed by the 122mm Type 89 itself.
Manufacturing China NORth INdustries COmpany (NORINCO) - China
Production 250 Units
- Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
18.37 ft (5.6 m)
9.84 ft (3 m)
8.96 ft (2.73 m)
17 tons (15,400 kg; 33,951 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the NORINCO Type 70-1 production model)
1 x Model 6150L 6-cylinder, water-cooled inline, diesel-fueled engine developing 260 horsepower at 2,000rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the NORINCO Type 70-1 production model)
35 mph (56 kph)
311 miles (500 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the NORINCO Type 70-1 production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 122mm M-30 (Model 1938) howitzer gun tube.
1 x 7.62mm Type 67 (RP-46) Anti-Aircraft (AA) / Anti-Infantry machine gun.
Ammunition: 40 x 122mm projectiles.
1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the NORINCO Type 70-1 production model)
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