Military Pay Scale Military Ranks Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines

NORINCO Type 70-1

Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) Vehicle

Armor / Land Systems

The Chinese Army Type 70-1 Self-Propelled Gun was built from the chassis and running gear of the Type 63-1 Armored Personnel Carrier.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 3/8/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The NORINCO (China NORth INdustries COrporation) Type 70 became the first Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) vehicle to be produced by Chinese factories. This form was nothing more than a turreted gun carrier built atop the existing framework of the NORINCO Type 63-1 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) in Chinese military service. The Type 63-1 was notable in becoming the first Chinese-made APC to be designed, developed, and built without Soviet input.

The Type 70 SPA retained the same inherent capabilities of the Type 63 APC including its four roadwheels to a hull side and was driven by a turbo-charged diesel-fueled unit. The hull sat atop a torsion bar suspension system and used a conventional track-and-wheel arrangement. In time, this vehicle was updated to become the "Type 70-1" SPA which, due to its lengthened hull, now sported five roadwheels to a hull side. Unlike the original Type 70, the Type 70-1 was finished with no overhead or rear protection for its gunnery crew - retaining only the frontal and side shields. The total vehicle crew numbered seven.

The gun mounting for the 122mm barrel/gun tube allowed for a traversal of +22.5 degrees left and right from centerline and an elevation span of +63 to -2.5 degrees up and down. The main gun could reach out to target areas of 11,800 meters and fired the usual gamut of projectile types including High-Explosive (HE), smoke, and illumination rounds. A total of 40 x 122mm projectiles were typically carried along with 1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.

Beyond its 122mm main gun armament, the vehicle was completed with a 7.62mm Type 67 machine gun based on the Soviet RP-46 system. This weapon could be brought to bear against enemy infantry as well as low-flying threats.

The Type 70-1 was eventually superseded by the 122mm Type 85 design which was followed by the 122mm Type 89 itself.


China NORth INdustries COmpany (NORINCO) - China
250 Units
National flag of China China
- Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
18.37 ft (5.6 m)
9.84 ft (3 m)
8.96 ft (2.73 m)
17 tons (15,400 kg; 33,951 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the NORINCO Type 70-1 production model)
1 x Model 6150L 6-cylinder, water-cooled inline, diesel-fueled engine developing 260 horsepower at 2,000rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the NORINCO Type 70-1 production model)
Maximum Speed:
35 mph (56 kph)
Maximum Range:
311 miles (500 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the NORINCO Type 70-1 production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 122mm M-30 (Model 1938) howitzer gun tube.
1 x 7.62mm Type 67 (RP-46) Anti-Aircraft (AA) / Anti-Infantry machine gun.

40 x 122mm projectiles.
1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the NORINCO Type 70-1 production model)
Type 70-1 - Base Series Designation.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.

Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-