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NORINCO Type 85 (YW323)

Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)

The Chinese Type 85 SPH is formed from the chassis of the YW531H APC and turret mounting a 122mm howitzer system.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 7/7/2017
National Flag Graphic


Year: 1985
Manufacturer(s): China NORth INdustries COmpany (NORINCO) - China
Production: 100
Crew: 6
Length: 21.85 ft (6.66 m)
Width: 9.84 ft (3 m)
Height: 9.35 ft (2.85 m)
Weight: 18 tons (16,500 kg; 36,376 lb)
Power: 1 x Deutz Type BF8L413F air-cooled diesel engine developing 320 horsepower.
Speed: 37 mph (60 kph)
Ceiling: 311 miles (500 km)
Operators: China


1 x 122mm howitzer
1 x 12.7mm Anti-Aircraft heavy machine gun

40 x 122mm projectiles
650 x 12.7mm ammunition

Variants / Models

• Type 85 SPH - Base Series Designation
• YW323 - Alternative Designation
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