The Russian originated GAZ-2975 "Tigr" ("Tiger") is the Russian Army equivalent to the ubiquitous HUMVEE multipurpose 4x4 wheeled vehicle of the American military. The type saw its design phase begin in 2001 through the Military Industrial Company (MIC) with production beginning in 2004 and service entry occurring during 2006. The vehicle shares some broad physical similarities with the American offering and has the same multirole, multipurpose, all-terrain battlefield functionality as its competing design.
The Tigr was first showcased to the public during IDEX 2001.
The vehicle is a 16,000lb machine with an overall length of 19 feet, a width of 7.9 feet and a height to the hull roof of 7.9 feet. The forward windscreen is of a two-section arrangement with the sides of the vehicle featuring thick rectangular vision ports. The hull roof line is flat and can mount the optional gun position as in the HUMVEE. Entry/exit for the occupants is by way of hinged, automobile-style doors. The vehicle is suspended atop a torsion bar suspension system for off-road travel and comfort with its four large road wheels set to the extreme corners of the chassis for strong balance. Armor protection ranges from 5mm to 7mm depending on configuration.
Power for the Tigr is served through various American Cummins diesel-fueled offerings in the 6-cylinder mold as well as a YaMZ-534 4-cylinder model. Output ranges from 180- to 215-horsepower depending on installation. The engine is mated to a GAZ JSC 5-speed manual transmission and can alternatively be paired with the Allison LCT-1000 automatic series or the GM 545RFE line. Operational ranges reach 620 miles on internal fuel with a maximum road speed of 87 miles per hour on roads and 50 miles per hour off-road. The driver sits at the front-left of the passenger cabin with a passenger seat to his right over the center console containing the transmission control.
Armament is variable and generally based on mission need. Typical load outs include a single 7.62mm PKP general purpose machine gun or the 30mm AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher - much in the same vein as the American HUMVEE.
The Tigr is the standard high mobility vehicle of Russian military forces. Serial production began in full during 2007. A civilian market version has emerged as the Tigr-2. Internal security make use of the SPM-1.
Other variants include the GAZ-2330 unarmored mark and the five-door GAZ-23304. The GAZ-233011 and GAZ-233012 are four- and two-door haulers (respectively) with a flat bed. The GAZ-233013 is an unarmored three-door mark. The Tigr-M is a new updated version with extra armor protection, a diesel powerplant and increased passenger seating. The Kornet-D/EM is the Tigr with the Kornet-EM anti-tank missile launcher fitted atop its roof. The Tigr-6A SPV is a proposed officer battlefield transport.
To date, the Tigr line has been adopted by the militaries and police forces of Armenia, China (partial local production), Congo, Guinea, Mongolia, Nicaragua and Uruguay.
Manufacturing Military Industrial Company - Russia
Production 3,000 Units
Armenia; China; Congo; Guinea; Mongolia; Nicaragua; Russia; United Arab Emirates; Uruguay
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
18.70 ft (5.7 m)
7.87 ft (2.4 m)
7.87 ft (2.4 m)
8 tons (7,200 kg; 15,873 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the GAZ GAZ-2975 Tigr (Tiger) production model)
Variable: 1 x Cummins-brand engine of 180 to 215 horsepower.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the GAZ GAZ-2975 Tigr (Tiger) production model)
87 mph (140 kph)
621 miles (1,000 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the GAZ GAZ-2975 Tigr (Tiger) production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
Variable: Typically 1 x 7.62mm PKP machine gun OR 1 x 30mm AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher.
Ammunition: Dependent upon armament load out.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the GAZ GAZ-2975 Tigr (Tiger) production model)
Tigr - Base Series Designation
GAZ-2975 - Base Combat Model
GAZ-2330 - Unarmored model
GAZ-23304 - Unarmored five-door variant
GAZ-233001 / GAZ-233011 - Unarmored four-door variant with flatbed.
GAZ-233002 / GAZ-233012 - Unarmored two-door variant with flatbed.
GAZ-233003 / GAZ-233013 - Unarmored three-door variant.
Tigr-2 - Unarmored civilian market variant
SP-46 - Two-door mark with optional roof
SPM-1 - Interior Security Model
SPM-1 AAV ("Aircraft Assault Vehicle") - Hydraulic ladder system.
SPM-2 "Tigr-Alpha-BB" - Heavily Protected Vehicle
R-145BMA - Command Center Vehicle
Kornet-D / EM - Anti-Tank Vehicle Platform
Projekt 420 - Improved Tigr with new diesel engine.
Tigr-M - Improved Tigr with additional armor and new diesel engine.
Tigr-6A SPV - Proposed armored vehicle for officer transport.
Wolf - Modular all-wheel drive vehicle based on the Tigr.
Nimr - UAE-based project based on the Russian Tigr vehicle line.
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