The Transportpanzer 1 (TPz 1 or "Fuchs") is a 6-wheeled armored personnel carrier designed from a West German requirement. The requirement centered along the lines of designing a full family of armored vehicles that were of similar production so as to make their systems and components interchangeable. Not only a cost-sensitive move, but this way of thinking allows the operator the ability to reuse parts from damaged or destroyed vehicles in new vehicles needing some repair. The family of vehicles was to consist of various 4x4, 6x6 and 8x8 designs and the 6x6 design appeared as the TPz 1 in 1979.
The TPz 1 design is dominated by its six large road wheels. The hull roof is flat while the rest of the hull features various angled armor plates. The TPz 1 system is fully amphibious and propelled by its two propellers hidden in the rear lower hull. Power-steering is utilized on the forward-most two sets of wheels and appliqué armor is available for added crew protection as optional.
The Luchs was designed from the beginning to be a most adaptable platform, meaning that the weapon system is not limited to the standard 7.62mm machine gun configuration or even the standard APC role. Other weapon loadouts can include 81mm or 120mm mortars and anti-tank missile systems (including the MILAN and TOW missile launchers). Armament loadout is at the discretion of the customer as well as its intended battlefield use. Fuchs can also be adapted to fulfill the roles of battlefield ambulance, battlefield engineering vehicle, reconnaissance, armored recovery vehicle or infantry fighting vehicle (IFV).
The United States Army utilizes the Luchs NBC variant and is known as the M93 Fox while the United Kingdom also serves with the Luchs NBC model. Israel received several Luchs armored personnel carrier models during the Operation Desert Storm (1991) and Venezuela purchased up to ten such vehicles from Germany in 1983.