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SOVIET-AFGHAN WAR

BTR-70


8x8 Wheeled Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)


Armor / Land Systems

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Image courtesy of the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image courtesy of the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image courtesy of the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

The BTR-70 was seen as an improved BTR-60 APC, identifying more closely with the BTR-60PM models.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/12/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The BTR-70 represents a further development of the successful line of BTR-60 armored personnel carriers of Soviet design. They are eight-wheeled lightly armored systems capable of off road and amphibious travel and can field up to seven combat-ready personnel into battle. The BTR-70 features improvements over the preceding BTR-60 design in the way of a more powerful engine, power-to-weight ratio and side firing ports for the passengers. The system is still in active service with a variety of operators around the world.

Outwardly, the BTR-70 retains the look of the BTR series as a whole and follows along the lines of the BTR-60PB model. Armor is sloped on the front, sides and rear of the vehicle and eight large rubber road wheels are present (four to a side) with the front four being power assisted. A tire pressure regulation system ensures proper balance. A crew of three is standard and seating for up to seven passengers is available via an entry/exit door along the side of the hull between road wheels two and three. The vehicle's commander sits at front along with the driver. The sloped-armored turret (standard on the base model - some models remove the turret based on specialty) sits to the front top portion of the hull with a primary armament of 14.5mm KPVT heavy caliber machine gun and a secondary 7.62mm PKT anti-infantry machine gun. The turret is manually traversed but has a field of fire covering 360 degrees and is the same weapon system as found on the BRDM-2 scout car and BTR-60PB armored personnel carriers. The troop compartment makes up most of the rear portion of the hull which also includes the engines. Power is generally derived from gasoline engines developing about 120 horsepower each, allowing for ideal road speeds of up to 80 kilometers per hour.


The BTR-70 was first made public to Western observers in a 1980 Moscow parade. Since then, the vehicle has appeared in quantity and in varied forms. BTR-70 systems serving in the Soviet war with Afghanistan were seen fitted with the AGS-17 30mm automatic grenade launcher just to the rear of the driver roof hatch. The BTR-70 has been made into artillery spotting vehicles, command and communications platforms, NBC protection and analysis, combat engineering systems and battlefield ambulances. Besides the basic Soviet-Russian type, the BTR-70 has appeared in modified forms with Germany (East), Romania, Ukraine, Slovakia and Belarus.

Being of an amphibious pedigree, the BTR-70 can enter bodies of water from land under its own power. A trim vane must first be erected at the front of the hull and bilge pumps turned on to ensure the vehicle does not sink while a single water jet mounted at the rear of the hull propels the vehicle forward at roughly 9 kilometers per hour. Amphibious capabilities are almost an absolute necessity on today's modern battlefield and the BTR-70 is no exception.


Specifications



Year:
1972
Crew
2
Manufacturing
Gorkiy Automobile Plant - Soviet Union / Russia
Production
10,000 Units
National flag of Armenia National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Belarus National flag of Estonia National flag of Georgia National flag of Macedonia National flag of Moldova National flag of Nepal National flag of Pakistan National flag of Romania National flag of Russia National flag of Sierra Leone National flag of Soviet Union National flag of Tajikistan National flag of Turkmenistan National flag of Ukraine National flag of Uzbekistan Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Bosnia; Estonia; Georgia; Kazahkstan; Krygyzstan; Macedonia; Moldova; Nepal; Pakistan; Romania; Russia; Sierra Leone; Soviet Unionl Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan
- Infantry Support
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
- Troop-Carrying
Length:
24.74 ft (7.54 m)
Width/Span:
9.19 ft (2.8 m)
Height:
7.61 ft (2.32 m)
Weight:
13 tons (11,500 kg; 25,353 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the BTR-70 production model)
2 x ZMZ-4905 6-cylinder petrol delivering an output of 120hp each.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the BTR-70 production model)
Maximum Speed:
50 mph (80 kph)
Maximum Range:
373 miles (600 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the BTR-70 production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 14.5mm machine gun
1 x 7.62mm coaxial machine gun

Ammunition:
500 x 14.5mm Ammunition
2,000 x 7.62mm Ammunition
(Showcased armament details pertain to the BTR-70 production model)
GAZ-4905 - Industrial Designation
BTR-70 (1978) - Initial Production Model
BTR-70 (1982) - Fitted with ZMZ-49-05 V8 engines of 120 horsepower each.
BTR-70 (1984) - Fitted with TNPT-1 periscope system.
BTR-70 (1986) - Four side-firing ports installed along with an additional periscope system.
BTR-70D - Diesel-Engined Version; single prototype model example.
BTR-70M - Modernized BTR-70 with rear hull of BTR-80.
BTR-70MS - Communications Vehicle (sans powered turret).
BTR-70ShM - Command Vehicle
BTR-70Kh - Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle
SPR-2 - Anti-Radar Vehicle; electronic warfare.
SPR-2M - Based on the SPR-2; modified onboard equipment.
BTR-70K - Battlefield Command Vehicle
BTR-70 MBP - Artillery Command Vehicle
BTR-70MS - Communications Vehicle
BTR-70V - Fitted with BPU-1 turret system (same as found on BTR-80) sans smoke grenade launchers.
BTR-70D - Ukrainian model with 300 horsepower diesel engine.
BTR-70DI - Ukrainian model fitted with Euro II 276 horsepower diesel engine.
BTR-70M - Ukrainian model fitted with UTD-20 engine of 300 horsepower.
BTR-70SM - Ukrainian model; battlefield ambulance sans weaponry.
Cobra-K - Slovakian/Belarusian model; fitted with 2A42 Cobra-series modular turret; KamAZ-7403 engine.
Schutzenpanzerwagen SPW 70 - East German Model based on the Romanian-produced BTR-70 model.
Schutzenpanzerwagen SPW 70(S) - East German Conversion Model for staff use featuring specialized communications equipment and telescoping mast.
Schutzenpanzerwagen SPW 70(SL) - East German Forward Air Control Platform; identified by four large communications antenna.
Schutzenpanzerwagen SPW 70(Ch) - East German NBC Vehicle.
BREM - Belarusian Technical Support Vehicle based on the BTR-70.
TAB-77 - Romanian-produced BTR-70.
TAB-77 M1983 - Romanian Prototype Model; fitted with ATGM 9M14M missile system and 30mm main gun.
TAB-77 M1984 - Romanian Prototype Model; fitted with ATGM 9M14M missile system and 23mm main gun.
TAB-77A PCOMA - Romanian Artillery Command Vehicle.
TAB-77A R-1451/M - Romanian Command Vehicle
TAB-77A R-1452 - Romanian Signal Vehicle
TERA-77L - Romanian Battlefield Recovery Vehicle; fitted with dozer blade and recovery crane.
TABC-79 - Romanian 4-Wheeled BTR-70 Model.

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