×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Global Military Ranks
HOME
ARMOR
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
WORLD WAR 2

Coventry Armored Car


Wheeled Fighting Vehicle


Armor / Land Systems

1 / 4
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
2 / 4
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
3 / 4
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
4 / 4
Front right side view of the Coventry Armored Car

The Coventry Armored Car series arrived too late to see action in World War 2 but served with French forces in Indochina.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 5/21/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
Throughout most of World War 2, the British Army stocked its armored car inventory with two major car types - the Daimler and Humber Armored Cars. Production of the Daimler car nearly reached 2,700 units while Humber cars numbered 5,400 - both proving highly successful in their scouting and security roles. Towards the end of the war, it was seen that a single design with better armament could be adopted to replace both preceding types and a product from a joint venture between Daimler and Rootes was developed, the latter concern the parent company of Humber. The resulting design became the "Coventry Mark I", otherwise known as the "Coventry Armored Car", which arrived in 220 examples under the Rootes Group brand label. The vehicle began serial production in June of 1944 though was delivered too late to see combat service in the war. Despite the intent to replace the existing Daimler and Humber offerings with the Coventry, both types were retained and production of Coventry cars was curtailed with the conclusion of the fighting from the originally planned 1,700 units. Manufacture of Coventry cars ceased in 1945.

With Daimler and Rootes' history in the automobile industry, the Coventry proved a largely standard armored car design of the period. It fitted four large rubber tired road wheels at the extreme corners of the chassis for optimal balance across uneven terrain and sported a shallow hull structure for a low silhouette and a 360-degree traversing turret mounting the primary and secondary armament. The driver managed a position at the front left of the hull with the remaining crew in the turret set over the fighting compartment at center. The engine was fitted in a compartment at the rear in the usual way. The standard Coventry crew included four personnel - driver, assistant driver, commander and gunner. Primary armament was a QF 2-pounder (40mm) main gun with a coaxially-fitted 7.92mm BESA medium tank machine gun. Power was served through 1 x Hercules RXLD 6-cylinder gasoline-fueled engine developing 175 horsepower. The chassis was fully suspended with an all-wheel drive capability. Operational range topped 250 miles with a maximum road speed of 42 miles per hour. Armor protection was 14mm at the most critical facings.

Initial production versions were the Mark I with their 20mm armament and three-man turret. Engineers also developed a 75mm-armed (Ordnance QF 75mm) tank-killing variant with a two-man turret that was to be taken on as the "Mark II". However, the Mark II design was canceled before production began which ended the planned 900-strong order of this version.

The end of the war signaled the end for many in-development weapon systems and large purchase contracts. The Coventry fell into the latter category and managed limited service into the Cold War years, some sent to operate under British command in India. Other examples were sold off to the rebuilding French Army in the post-war decade and used in French colonial holdings thereafter. French Army Coventry cars were pressed into action during the First Indochina War (1946-1954), setting the groundwork for the bloody Vietnam War (1955-1975) to follow.


Specifications



Year:
1945
Crew
4
Manufacturing
Daimler / Rootes Group - UK
Production
220 Units
National flag of United Kingdom Fance; United Kingdom
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
- Security / Defense / Law Enforcement / Convoy Escort
Length:
15.45 ft (4.71 m)
Width/Span:
8.66 ft (2.64 m)
Height:
7.71 ft (2.35 m)
Weight:
11 tons (10,350 kg; 22,818 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Coventry Armored Car Mk I production model)
1 x Hercules RXLD 6-cylinder gasoline engine developing 175 horsepower.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Coventry Armored Car Mk I production model)
Maximum Speed:
42 mph (68 kph)
Maximum Range:
249 miles (400 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Coventry Armored Car Mk I production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
Mark I:
1 x 40mm (2-pdr) main gun
1 x 7.92mm BESA coaxial machine gun

Mark II:
1 x 75mm (QF 17-pdr) main gun
1 x 7.92mm BESA coaxial machine gun

Ammunition:
Not Available.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Coventry Armored Car Mk I production model)
Mk I - Initial production model; 2-pdr (40mm) armed turret with crew of four; 220 examples produced.
Mk II - Proposed variant; 75mm-armed turret with crew of three; cancelled before production.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-