MANUFACTURER(S): GIAT Industries - France
OPERATORS: Bosnia and Herzegovina; France; Greece; Indonesia; Mexico; Morocco; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; United Arab Emirates
Detailing the development and operational history of the AMX-10P Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV).
Entry last updated on 8/2/2017.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The AMX-10 was adopted in 1973 to replace the aging AMX-VCI Infantry COmbat Vehicle series. Design work on the new vehicle began in the mid-1960s with pilot vehicles available as soon as 1968 for evaluation and testing. The vehicle was taken on to serve a variety of battlefield roles for the French Army and has seen strong export numbers to foreign parties - in particular Saudi Arabia which held a stock of 600 vehicles. Like other Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs), the AMX-10P was designed to be adaptable to different roles as required by the purchaser A marine version of the AMX-10P was also released which incorporated full amphibious support with propulsion through installed water jets. These marine variants could also be fielded with a power-assisted 12.7mm machine gun turrets, a 25mm "DRAGAR" cannon turret, or a 90mm TS-90 series tank-killing turret.
The AMX-10P - the base 20mm cannon-armed model - carried a conventional IFV/APC form with a very shallow profile, well-sloped glacis plate, forward-mounted engine (front-right), and rear-mounted fighting compartment. The turret was set over the hull roof with full 360-degree traversal and smoke grenade dischargers at-the-ready. Running gear included five rubber-tired road wheels to a hull side with the drive sprocket at front and track idler at rear with three track return rollers partially covered by side armor skirts. Internally, the vehicle was crewed by a standard arrangement of three personnel to include the driver, commander, and gunner. Eight passengers could be carried under the protection of armor against small arms fire and artillery spray.
Power was served through a Hispano-Suiza HS 115 series V8 water-cooled supercharged diesel engine developing 260 horsepower. Operational ranges reached 600 kilometers with a road speed maximum of 65 kmh. Offroad journeying was aided by the torsion bar suspension system.
In its standard configuration (20mm cannon), the vehicle carried 800 x 20mm projectiles and 2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
Other variants went on to include a turret-less driver trainer vehicle, a Milan Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) carrier, a 120mm mortar-armed fire support vehicle, a command vehicle, and a 105mm-armed tank killer.
Beyond the French and Saudi armies, the vehicle is also represented in the inventories of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece (since retired), Indonesia, Iraq (many since lost in combat or scrapped), Morocco, Qatar, Singapore (since retired), and the United Arab Emirates.