The BTR-94 is a Ukrainian APC development based on the Soviet BTR-80 wheeled series.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited:
Credit: Front left side view of a Ukrainian BTR-94 wheeled vehicle
Credit: A collection of Ukrainian BTR-94 vehicles being transitioned into service with the Iraqi Army
The BTR-94 is nothing more than a Ukrainian modified version of the Soviet-era BTR-80 armored personnel carrier. As such, the system maintains the same 8x8 wheeled design and amphibious capabilities of the original. Where the BTR-94 differs is in its use of a new, bigger turret assembly featuring 2 x 23mm cannons as well as a coaxially-mounted 7.62mm machine gun. The vehicle became operational sometime in the late 1990s with Jordan becoming the first foreign operator of the type. A rebuilding Iraqi Army soon joined them (by way of a Jordanian donation in 2004). The BTR-94 also maintains operational status with the Ukraine Army.
The BTR-94 weighs in at 15 tons and features a running length of 7.65 meters with a width of 2.90 meters. Height to the top of the turret is 2.80 meters. The BTR-94 is crewed by three dedicated standard personnel that include the driver, commander and the gunner. Up to ten combat-ready passengers can be carried aboard with entry/exit via multi-panel side doors. The external appearance of the BTR-94 strongly resembles that of the BTR-80 it is based on including the angled armor surfaces for inherent ballistics protection.
The primary weapon system is a pair of 23x115mm 2A7M series automatic cannons with 200 x 23mm projectiles afforded the crew. These cannons are the same as mounted on the ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" air defense system of the 1960s. The cannons are backed by a coaxial KT-7 series 7.62mm anti-infantry machine gun. Self-defense is further enhanced by way of 6 x 81mm smoke grenade dischargers on the turret's front facing.
Power is supplied by a single diesel engine mounted to the rear of the hull and outputting up to 300 horsepower. This supplies the APC with a top speed of 85km with an operational range out to 600km. The chassis is based on the BTR-80's 8x8 large road wheel arrangement offering excellent cross-country support. A central tire regulation system manages individual tire pressure and steering is via the front four wheels.
The BTR-94 maintains flexible qualities about her that she can be quickly set up to enter water sources for crossing (at 9km/h) and her gun mount assembly can be used in other armored systems. Propulsion through water is via a single waterjet at the rear of the hull. Such qualities make her a positive for any mobile modern army or police security force today.
Manufacturing State Factories - Ukraine
Production 1,200 Units
Iraq; Jordan; Ukraine
25.10 ft (7.65 m)
9.51 ft (2.9 m)
9.19 ft (2.8 m)
17 tons (14,987 kg; 33,041 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the BTR-94 production model)
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