Model Variants (Including Prototypes)
T-48 - Developmental Designation
M48 - Base production model designation; based on the M47; new turret; revised hull; sans bow machine gun; M41 90mm main gun; Y-shaped muzzle brake.
M48C - Trainer Variant based on M48 production models having found to display poor ballistic protection on the hull.
M48A1 - 90mm main gun; new driver hatch; M1 commander's cupola with accessible external 12.7mm machine gun.
M48A2 - 90mm main gun; Continental Gasoline Fuel-injection air-cooled V-12 engine; 5 x track return rollers; improved turret function.
M48A2C - Based on M48A2; improved rangefinder; new evacuator for main gun; sans auxiliary tensioning wheels.
M48A3 - M48A1 production models with Continental AVDS-1790 V-12 air-cooled diesel engine; 90mm main gun; new improved fire control system.
M48A3 Mod. B - Improved armor protection across tail lights and exhaust; heightened commander's cupola.
M48A4 - Cancelled variant; M48A3 with M60 turret systems.
M48A5 - Updated with 105mm M68 series main gun; revised commander's cupola and upgraded engine.
M48A5PI - Israeli Urdan cupola replacing M1 style.
M67 "Zippo" - Flamethrower tank; based on original M48 production models fitted with false main gun and false muzzle brake.
M67A1 - Flamethrower tanks using the M48A2 hull.
M67A2 - Flame thrower tanks using the M48A3 hull.
M8 - Engineering Vehicle based on the M48 chassis
M48A1 - Improved Engineering Vehicle
M48 "Marksman" - British Designation for M48 developed into Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) fitting a Marksman turret system.
E-48 - Israeli Designation
E-48 AVLB - Bridgelayer Conversion Model
E-48 (M48A2) - Israeli designation of M48A2 models received from Germany.
E-48 (M48A2C) - Israeli designation of M48A2C models received from Germany.
E-48 (M48A3) - Israeli designation of M48A3 models received from the United States.
"Magach" - Israeli designation of M48 systems highly modified and improved to suit Israeli style warfare and experience; Magach 1, 2, 3 and 5 are based on the M48 whilst Magach 6 and 7 are based on the M60.
AB1 - Jordanian designation for armored recovery vehicle based on the M48 chassis.
AB9B1 - Jordanian designation for upgraded M48 systems fielding the 120mm smoothbore main gun.
M48A3 (ROC) - Taiwanese designation of upgraded M48A1 and M48A2 systems.
M48H/CM-11 "Brave Tiger" - Taiwainese designation of up-gunned M48A2 turrets fitted to an M60A3 hull; improved fire control system' improved gun tracking equipment.
CM-12 - Taiwanese designation of M48A3 with upgrades as found on the CM-11 version.
M48A5 MOLF (MOdular Laser Fire) - Greece designation of M48A5 systems; upgraded with EMES-18 fire control system.
M48A5E - Spanish designation of M48A5 fitted with 105mm main gun and laser rangefinder.
Alacran CZ-10/25E - Spanish battlefield engineering vehicle
Alacran CZ-10/30E - Spanish designation for upgraded CZ-10/25E models.
M48A3K - South Korean designation of M48A3 models fitting a diesel powerplant over the original's gasoline type; T-type muzzle brake; three support wheels added to each track side; South Korean-based fire control system.
M48A5K - South Korean designation of M48A5; fitting the KM68 105mm main gun; side skirts for added side armor protection; Laser Tank Fire Control System (LTFCS).
M48A5T1 - Turkish designation of M48A5; fitting the M68 105mm main gun; MTU diesel engine; passive night sight equipment.
M48A5T2 - Turkish designation of upgraded M48A5; inclusion of thermal sight and laser rangefinder.
M48T5 "Tamay" ARV - Turkish designation of armored recovery vehicle conversion model utilizing the M48 chassis.
Minenraempanzer Keiler - Battlefield Mine Flail; based on the M48A2C hull.
Kampfpanzer M48A2C - Initial M48 medium tanks delivered to Germany; MG3 machine guns.
Kampfpanzer M48A2GA2 - Upgraded M48A2C models with L7 105mm main gun; revised MG3 machine gun installation.
"Super M48" - Proposed German upgrade; never produced beyond a prototype.