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NORINCO Type 63 (WZ211)


Amphibious Light Tank


The Chinese Army Type 63 is a light amphibious tank design based on Soviet origin.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 7/8/2019
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Specifications


Year: 1963
Manufacturer(s): China NORth INdustries COmpany (NORINCO) - China
Production: 2,000
Capabilities: Amphibious; Engineering; Fire Support/Assault/Breaching; Infantry Support; Tank vs Tank; Reconnaissance (RECCE); Troop-Carrying;
Crew: 4
Length: 27.66 ft (8.43 m)
Width: 10.50 ft (3.2 m)
Height: 8.27 ft (2.52 m)
Weight: 20 tons (18,400 kg); 40,565 lb
Power: 1 x Model 12150-L 12-cylinder water-cooled, diesel-fueled engine developing 400 horsepower at 2,000rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Speed: 40 mph (64 kph)
Range: 230 miles (370 km)
Operators: Albania; Cambodia; China; Myanmar; North Korea; North Vietnam; Pakistan; Republic of the Congo; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Tanzania; Vietnam
The Chinese-built NORINCO (China NORth INdustries COrporation) Type 63 Light Tank drew its influence from the Soviet PT-76 Light Tank line , providing light-class protection for its crew of four, inherent amphibious capabilities, and a useful 85mm turreted main gun. Operational service began in 1963 and continues in limited form today (2015). Operators of the type were primarily Southeast Asian and African customers - from Burma to Vietnam.

The Type 63's industrial designation was "WZ211".

The crew consisted of a driver, commander, gunner, and loader. Power was served through a Model 12150L-2 12-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel-fueled engine of 402 horsepower. A torsion bar suspension system supplied needed cross-country travel support. Road speeds reached 64 kmh and ranges were out to 370 kilometers. Its amphibious qualities came from an airtight design as well as water bilge pumps and twin waterjets providing fording speeds of up to 12 kmh.

The main gun was cleared to fire a variety of ammunition types including HE (High-Explosive), HEAT (High-Explosive, Ani-Tank), and smoke rounds. The turret provided traversal through 360-degrees with a +18 / -4 elevation/depression capability of the main gun. Self-defense weaponry was 1 x 7.62mm Type 59T coaxial machine gun with 1 x 7.62mm Type 59T roof-mounted machine gun and 1 x 12.7mm heavy machine gun to be used against infantry, low-flying aerial threats, and light-armored vehicles..

Modernized variants of the line have seen their 85mm gun systems upgraded to more potent calibers (such as 105mm) and some have redesigned turrets. Several variants of the base Type 63 model have been spawned including the Type 63-I with new engine, the Tyep 63-II with laser rangefinder and night vision support, and the Type 77 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) form.

The Type 63 Light Tank was used in combat during the Vietnam War (1955-1975), the Sino-Vietnamese War (1979), and the Sri Lankan Civil War (1983-2009).






Armament



1 x 85mm Type 62-85TC main gun.
1 x 12.7mm Type 54 anti-aircraft machine gun.
1 x 7.62mm Type 59T coaxial machine gun.
1 x 7.62mm Type 59T general purpose machine gun .(optional).

Ammunition:
47 x 85mm projectiles.
500 x 12.7mm ammunition.
2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.

Variants / Models



• Type 63 (WZ211) - Base Series Designation; initial production model.
• Type 63-I (WZ211-1) - Fitted with 12150-L2 12-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel-fueled engine of 402 horsepower at 2,000rpm.
• Type 63-II (WZ211-2) - InfraRed (IR) nightvision supported; laser rangefinder installed.
• Type 63A - Standard upgrade program designation for all Type 63 base models. Features 105mm main gun and all new turret design and production.
• Type 63A-I (WZ213-1 / ZTS63A-1) - Bow extension and enlarged side skirts; ERA blocks supported.
• Type 63A-II (WZ213-2 / ZTS63A-2) - Additional armor blocks supported for both hull and turret.
• Type 63 HG (Tyep 63G) - Improved Type 63; revised bow and better amphibious capability; cast turret.
• Type 77 (WZ511) - Amphibious APC model
• Type 77-1 (WZ511-1) - Amphibious artillery / personnel carrier; hydraulic winch installed.
• Type 77-2 (WZ511-2) - APC model sans winch and no ramp.
• Type 76 ARV - Armored Recovery Vehicle
• Type 89 - Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) conversion.
• Type 7402 Torpedo Launcher
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