MANUFACTURER(S): State Factories - Soviet Union / Russia / China
OPERATORS: China (HQ-18); Russia; Soviet Union
LENGTH: 28.71 feet (8.75 meters)
WIDTH: 10.83 feet (3.3 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.84 feet (3 meters)
WEIGHT: 41 Tons (37,000 kilograms; 81,571 pounds)
ENGINE: 1 x Diesel powerplant driving track-and-wheel arrangement (MT-T tracked vehicle).
SPEED: 40 miles-per-hour (65 kilometers-per-hour)
RANGE: 311 miles (500 kilometers)
Detailing the development and operational history of the SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant) / S-300V Long-Range, High-Altitude Self-Propelled Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) System.
Entry last updated on 2/7/2019.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The S-300V (NATO codename of SA-12 Gladiator or Giant) was developed by the Soviets during the Cold War period (1947-1991) as part of the wider-ranging S-300 Anti-Aircraft (AA) Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) defensive-minded line of vehicles. This series, however, ultimately emerged as a completely different form from the multi-wheeled S-300 airspace denial units. It was given to a different developer and manufacturer than those of the S-300 family while featuring altogether different missiles - the 9M82 "Giant" and the 9M83 "Gladiator". Two- and four-shot launcher forms were devised and the types have been fielded in the anti-ballistic missile role while also being able to provide protection against inbound aerial threats - such as aircraft and cruise missiles - at long range. It still sees service on today's battlefields despite its Cold War roots.
The S-300V series was taken into service in 1983 and full-strength was eventually before the end of the decade; around 1988.
The S-300V utilizes the chassis of the MT-T carrier tracked combat vehicle. The tracked nature of this chassis allows it to travel cross-country easily enough while keeping pace with the main mechanized fighting force. Over the top of the vehicle are large launch tubes housing the primary armament of 9M82 "Giant" or 9M83 series missiles and the launcher is hinged along the rear edge of the hull and propped upwards when the tubes are made ready-to-fire. The missiles can not only engage at long range but also high altitude - making them doubly-dangerous. A typical SA-12 arrangement in the Soviet/Russian ranks is up to six of these launcher vehicles assigned with a target detection/designation vehicle.
China has produced a local variant of the S-300V as the "HQ-18".
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