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Type 55 (M1939)

37mm Anti-Aircraft Gun System

Armor / Land Systems

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The M1939 was a top anti-aircraft battery system for the Soviets in World War Two.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 6/16/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The M1939 37mm anti aircraft weapon system is based on the Bofors 25mm Model 1933 gun system of 1935. It saw extensive action in the Second World War for both the Soviet Army and Navy, accounting for the downing of 14,657 Axis aircraft with about 905 rounds per aircraft destroyed. Sustained fire of 60 rounds per minute can be achieved. The M1938 was also not limited to anti-air defense and could be utilized as an anti-tank gun system if need be. The single mount system has been developed into a twin-mount system and has seen limited export.

The M1938 anti-aircraft weapon system was designated as Type 55 in the Communist China inventory. It was replaced in the Soviet inventory by the ZSU-57-2 anti-aircraft gun system during the 1950's.


Artillery Factory Number 8, Kalingrad, Soviet Union
4,000 Units
National flag of Afghanistan National flag of Albania National flag of Algeria National flag of Angola National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Bulgaria National flag of Cambodia National flag of Cameroon National flag of China National flag of Cuba National flag of Egypt National flag of Ethiopia National flag of Gabon National flag of Germany National flag of East Germany National flag of Guinea-Bissau National flag of Iraq National flag of Israel National flag of Laos National flag of Mali National flag of Mauritania National flag of Mongolia National flag of Montenegro National flag of Morocco National flag of Mozambique National flag of Nicaragua National flag of North Korea National flag of Pakistan National flag of Romania National flag of Russia National flag of Serbia National flag of Sudan National flag of Syria National flag of Tanzania National flag of Thailand National flag of Togo National flag of Tunisia National flag of Uganda National flag of Yemen National flag of Yugoslavia National flag of Zaire National flag of Zambia National flag of Zimbabwe Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Congo, Cuba, Egypt, Ethiopia, East Germany, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Israel, North Korea, Laos, Mali, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nicaragua, North Korea; Pakistan, Russia, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
- Anti-Aircraft / Airspace Denial
- Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
18.04 ft (5.5 m)
5.87 ft (1.79 m)
6.92 ft (2.11 m)
2 tons (2,100 kg; 4,630 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Type 55 (M1939) production model)
None. This is a towed-artillery piece.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Type 55 (M1939) production model)
Maximum Range:
1,553 miles (2,500 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Type 55 (M1939) production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
2 x 37mm main guns

200 x 37mm ammunition
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Type 55 (M1939) production model)
Type-55 - Chinese Variant
70K - Naval Version
W-11-M - Naval Version (twin-mount)
45mm - Naval Version (twin or quad mount at 45mm)

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