The M1939 was a top anti-aircraft battery system for the Soviets in World War Two.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited:
The M1939 37mm anti aircraft weapon system is based on the Bofors 25mm Model 1933 gun system of 1935. It saw extensive action in the Second World War for both the Soviet Army and Navy, accounting for the downing of 14,657 Axis aircraft with about 905 rounds per aircraft destroyed. Sustained fire of 60 rounds per minute can be achieved. The M1938 was also not limited to anti-air defense and could be utilized as an anti-tank gun system if need be. The single mount system has been developed into a twin-mount system and has seen limited export.
The M1938 anti-aircraft weapon system was designated as Type 55 in the Communist China inventory. It was replaced in the Soviet inventory by the ZSU-57-2 anti-aircraft gun system during the 1950's.
Manufacturing Artillery Factory Number 8, Kalingrad, Soviet Union
Production 4,000 Units
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Congo, Cuba, Egypt, Ethiopia, East Germany, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Israel, North Korea, Laos, Mali, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nicaragua, North Korea; Pakistan, Russia, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
- Anti-Aircraft / Airspace Denial
- Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
18.04 ft (5.5 m)
5.87 ft (1.79 m)
6.92 ft (2.11 m)
2 tons (2,100 kg; 4,630 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Type 55 (M1939) production model)
None. This is a towed-artillery piece.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Type 55 (M1939) production model)
1,553 miles (2,500 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Type 55 (M1939) production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
2 x 37mm main guns
Ammunition: 200 x 37mm ammunition
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Type 55 (M1939) production model)
Type-55 - Chinese Variant
70K - Naval Version
W-11-M - Naval Version (twin-mount)
45mm - Naval Version (twin or quad mount at 45mm)
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes AnvilOfWar.com, GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.