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15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18)


150mm Towed Field Howitzer


The 150mm 15cm sFH 18 was the standard howitzer for German Divisions prior to - and during - World War 2.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/27/2018
The 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18 (sFH 18) became the standard 149mm howitzer for German Army divisions of World War 2 (1939-1945). The weapon was originally developed to be horse-drawn (as all German artillery at the time was) but was later modified to be towed by mechanized means. A compromise was met to fit the Rheinmetall gun atop the Krupp carriage after several strong submissions were submitted for trials by both parties.

After the German invasion of the Soviet Union and the Soviet response thereafter, sFH 18 systems were found to be out-ranged by their counterparts so this forced modifications to be made to help increase engagement ranges. However, changes had an ill-effect on the barrels and recoil mechanism through excessive wear. As such, the modification program was abandoned though the remaining sFH 18 guns were still operated until their battlefield usefulness had expired. Modified guns went under the designation of "15-cm sFH 18(m)".

The sFH gun family came to be mounted on a motorized chassis and these vehicles were known as "Hummel" - or "Bumblebee" - and became a respected Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) system by the end of the war in 1945. sFH 18's were also present along Hitler's famous "Atlantic Wall" - the long-running line of fortifications and guns set along the French coast between France and Britain in attempt to thwart any Allied invasion from the North/West.

Several world powers continued fielding the sFH 18 after the war in large numbers including Czechoslovakia, Portugal and many South American and Central American countries. such was the design excellence of the gun.






Specifications



Year:
1933
Crew
5
Manufacturing
Krupp / Rheinmetall / Skoda / Spreewerke / MAN - Nazi Germany
Production
5,403 Units
National flag of Albania National flag of Bulgaria National flag of China National flag of Czechoslovakia National flag of Finland National flag of Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Kingdom of Italy National flag of Portugal National flag of Soviet Union National flag of Taiwan National flag of Yugoslavia Albania; Bulgaria; China; Czechoslovakia; Finland; Nazi Germany; Kingdom of Italy; Portugal; Soviet Union; Yugoslavia; Taiwan
- Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Length:
14.57 ft (4.44 m)
Weight:
6 tons (5,512 kg; 12,152 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the 15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18) production model)
None. This is a towed artillery piece.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the 15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18) production model)
Maximum Range:
8 miles (13 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the 15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18) production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 149mm (5.87in) main gun

Ammunition:
Dependent on ammunition carrier. 149mmx260R case-separate-loading ammunition, each weighing 96lbs (HE).
(Showcased armament details pertain to the 15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18) production model)
15-cm sFH 18 - Base Series Designation
15-cm sFH 18(M) - Modified propellant for increased range; fitted with muzzle brake; replaceable barrel liner.
15-cm sFH 18/40 - Fitted with sFH 40 series barrels; retaining sFH 18 carriage.
15-cm sFH 18/43 - Provision for bag charge; sliding block breech.
150 H/40 - Finnish Designation of 15cm sFH 18.
Cannone da 149/28 - Italian Designation of 15cm sFH 18.

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