Unmanned Ground Combat Vehicle (UGCV)
The JSC Uran-9, an unmanned combat ground vehicle, has been actively used in the Syrian Civil War by Russia - with mixed results.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited:
The future of modern warfare revolves around unmanned systems, both on the ground and over it. Rosoboronexport markets the Uran-9 Unmanned Combat Ground Vehicle (UCGV) for the former and has been developed to fulfill various mission roles including reconnaissance, infantry support (particularly in urban environments), and counter-terrorism actions where risk-of-life is high. The vehicle was developed and is manufactured by JSC 766 UPTK and has been taken into service, in limited numbers, by the ground forces of Russia.
The vehicle showcases a boxy appearance with an angled glacis plate and near-vertical sides. Side skirts protect the upper reaches of the track link sections though the roadwheels remain exposed. The drive sprocket is at the rear with the track idler at front. There are six road wheels to a hull side. Headlamps provide illumination in low-light settings and an optics fit is seen at the glacis plate. Additional equipment is carried atop the turret which sits atop the forward section of the hull roof line.
All of the armament is installed on the turret which provides a full 360-degree traversal. At the front plate is the 30mm 2A72 automatic cannon offering a good counter to light- and moderately-armored vehicles at range while also serving as a very capable area suppression weapon against infantry. To either side of the turret is fitted a pair of 9M120 "Ataka" Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs) for countering armored threats at range. The 130mm Ataka SACLOS (Semi-Automatic Command-to-Line-of-Sight) missile is a product of the latter-Cold War period and sports a tandem HEAT (High-Explosive, Anti-Tank) warhead for maximum penetration upon impact. The armament suite is rounded out by the six Shmel-M thermobaric rocket launchers with three seated above each Ataka launcher fit. These 93mm rockets provide additional firepower against both vehicles and infantry at range.
In June of 2018 it was revealed that the Uran-9 has been deployed in active combat alongside Russian Army forces in the ongoing Syrian Civil War. A post-action report detailed several major deficiencies in its showing there, particularly in operator communications being cut-off from the vehicle after certain ranges. Additionally its running gear reliability was called into question.