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AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

Coehorn


Light Siege Mortar


Armor / Land Systems

The Coehorn portable mortar, an original Dutch design of the 1670s, was used by both sides of the American Civil War of the 1860s.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 11/1/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The Coehorn was of Dutch design and credited to its inventor, Dutch officer Baron van Coehoorn in the mid-1670s. It was a mortar weapon typical of the period but managed a long and healthy combat service life. The system relied on indirect-line-of-sight firing and proved effective in displacing dug-in enemy troops - though range was relatively short. Despite its seemingly trainable (elevation) barrel assembly, the weapon basically fired along a fixed trajectory. Its construction made it possible for a team of four men to move it from place to place and keep the enemy honest.

Projectile sizes and effectiveness ultimately varied throughout the list of the Coehorn, based largely on the barrel and powder amounts in play. A timed-fuze delay was used for ultimate detonation of the projectile.

The Coehorn made its way to the fighting of the American Civil War (1861-1865) where it was used by both sides in various calibers: 12-pound and 24-pound forms were noted. The guns were featured at Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, namely at Fort Sumter where the first shots of the conflict were fired.


Specifications



Year:
1840
Crew
6
Manufacturing
State Foundries - Netherlands
Production
4,000 Units
National flag of Confederate States National flag of Netherlands National flag of United States Confederate States; Netherlands; United States
- Support / Special Purpose |
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Coehorn production model)
None. This is a portable artillery piece.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Coehorn production model)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Coehorn production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
Variable barrel calibers based on battlefield requirement.

Ammunition:
Dependent upon local ammunition supply.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Coehorn production model)
Coehorn - Base Series Name

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