J. Walter Christie, an American automobile design, attempted to sell the United States Army on various track-and-wheeled vehicles since the latter half of World War 1 (1914-1918). The Army provided a contract in 1919 to cover the Model 1919 Chritstie Medium Tank, a "convertible tank" with hybrid suspension system allowing it to be run on roadwheels or linked-track sections. The Model 1919 was not an outright winner as it was recognized to be underpowered, unreliable and an uncomfortable ride for its two-crew.
Rather than wait on the formal rejection by the Ordnance Department, Christie requested additional time to rework his creation and this was granted. In about a year, Christie returned with a revised version of his Model 1919 and this became the Model 1921. The tank retained its large roadwheels at the extreme corners of the design and held a single two-wheeled bogie at center of each hull side. However, the front wheels were now sprung for ride comfort and the hull superstructure completely reworked. Gone was the turreted main and secondary armament. In its place was a fixed barbette mounting the 2.24" main gun. To either front corner of the hull structure were ball mounts, each fitting a 0.30 caliber air-cooled machine gun.
Gone was the tactical flexibility of mounting both armament in traversing turrets and the Model 1921 did little to improve on performance and reliability. U.S. Army authorities were not sold on the design and the Model 1921 joined its Model 1919 forerunner in not being pursued. However, it was tested into July 1924 and a Bankrupt Christie eventually sold off rights to these machines (and some applicable patents) to the Army.
Manufacturing Front Drive Motor Company (J. Walter Christie) - USA
Production 1 Units
Untied States (evaluated; cancelled)
- Infantry Support
- Tank vs Tank
18.18 ft (5.54 m)
8.53 ft (2.6 m)
6.99 ft (2.13 m)
15 tons (14,000 kg; 30,865 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the M1921 Christie Medium Tank production model)
1 x Christie 6-cylinder water-cooled gasoline-fueled engine developing 120 horsepower.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the M1921 Christie Medium Tank production model)
14 mph (23 kph)
40 miles (65 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the M1921 Christie Medium Tank production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 57mm M1920 (British 6-pdr) main gun in fixed bow-mounted barbette.
1 x 0.30 caliber machine gun in front-left hull (ball-mounted).
1 x 0.30 caliber machine gun in front-right hull (ball-mounted).
Ammunition: Not Available.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the M1921 Christie Medium Tank production model)
M1921 - Base Prototype Designation; single example completed and tested.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.