The Mitsubishi Type 82 6x6 wheeled vehicle serves in the Command and Control role for the modern Japanese Army.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited:
Credit: Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
Command and Communications (or "C2") vehicles provide critical situational awareness for ground commanders and accompanying forces so most modern armies of the world field some form of the type. This is why, in the 1970s, Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) authorities commissioned for such a vehicle. While both 4x4 and 6x6 vehicles were trialed, the 6x6 form was the preferred model. Further work resulted in the "Type 82" Command and Communications Vehicle which still serves the JGSDF today (2017).
The 6x6 wheeled nature of the design offers the needed cross-country mobility required of for the role. The road wheels selected are large and give excellent ground clearance. Atop the framework is a simple lightly-armored superstructure housing a standard operating crew of three. Defense is from a simple arrangement of 1 x 12.7mm heavy machine gun (later models offer a remote firing feature for this weapon) and 1 x 7.62mm medium machine gun. Dimensions include an overall length of 5.72 meters, a width of 2.48 meters and a height of 2.37 meters (sans the roof-mounted armament fit). Combat weight registers 13,500 kilograms.
The hull superstructure is completed with a driver's compartment (seated front-right) at the front and large window panels sporting built-in, fold-down protective plates (vision slits provided in this mode). Over the roof are installed various hatches for the remaining crew. The superstructure presents angled facings for basic ballistics protection from small arms fire and artillery spray. Over the rear of the vehicle is seated the oversized section of the hull superstructure. The engine was positioned along the left side of the hull with a tunnel giving forward/rear access for the crew. A large door is fitted to the rear hull face for quick embarking/disembarking and the left side of the hull has another point of entry/exit. Various positions about the hull have vision ports doubling as firing ports should the crew need to defend their vehicle. No NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) system is fitted by default though the driver is given access to night vision equipment for low-light operations.
Power for the design stems from an Izuzu 10PBI water-cooled diesel engine developing 305 horsepower at 2,700rpm. Maximum road speed is 100 kmh with an operational range out to 500 kilometers. The vehicle can ford water sources up to 1 meter deep and conquer obstacles up to 0.6 meters tall. Trench crossing is limited to 1.5 meters wide and the vehicle is able to traverse gradients up to 60% (30% side slopes).
An initial batch of ten vehicles was provided to the JGSDF in 1982 and the service sought as many as 250 units in all. Komatsu was responsible for manufacture of the vehicles which eventually totaled 231.
Manufacturing Komatsu - Japan
Production 231 Units
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
- Support / Special Purpose |
18.77 ft (5.72 m)
8.14 ft (2.48 m)
7.78 ft (2.37 m)
15 tons (13,500 kg; 29,762 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Komatsu Type 82 production model)
1 x Izuzu 10PBI liquid-cooled diesel-fueled engine developing 305 horsepower at 2,700rpm.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Komatsu Type 82 production model)
62 mph (100 kph)
311 miles (500 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Komatsu Type 82 production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 12.7mm heavy machine gun on hull roof.
1 x 7.62mm machine gun on pintle-mount on hull roof.
Ammunition: 500 x 12.7mm ammunition (estimated).
1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition (estimated).
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Komatsu Type 82 production model)
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes AnvilOfWar.com, GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.