First observed by the West in 1991, the M1991 serves the modern North Korean Army in the Multiple Launch Rocket System - or rocket projecting - role.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited:
A bulk of North Korean ground-based firepower is tied up in self-propelled, towed and rocket-projected artillery systems. The M-1991 falls into the Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) class of weapons and has been in service since the late-1980s / early-1990s. Inspired by the truck-based rocket projecting vehicles of the Soviet-era, the M-1991 is a locally-produced wheeled system and marks one of the farther-reaching rocket launchers in North Korean Army service.
The M-1991 succeeded the M-1985 series vehicles. It utilizes a 6x6 heavy-duty military-grade truck chassis complete with enclosed forward cab. Over the rear of the vehicle is set the launching component atop a trainable mounting. 22 x 240mm battlefield rockets (surface-to-surface) are set in a three-layered tube arrangement on this launcher. Each rocket can be equipped with various warheads to suit a specific battlefield role. The standard fitting is a High-Explosive, FRAGmentation (HE-FRAG) form suitable for use against "soft" targets like troop concentrations and light-armored vehicles. Alternatively, the warhead may take the form of chemical or incendiary to produce nastier effects upon the recipients.
The rockets hold a range from 40 to 60 kilometers with the launcher able to clear the 22 rocket load in just forty-four seconds. This makes the M-1991 one of the more potent rocket assault vehicles in the North Korean inventory behind the KN-09 series.
The truck-based chassis provides some off-road mobility and good ground clearance but holds origins in a Cold War design of foreign origination. A diesel-fueled unit powers the three axles and provides a road speed maximum of 80 kmh with a road range out to 800 kilometers. Fording is possible up to 1.2 meter depths due to the vehicle's inherently high stance.
Manufacturing State Factories - North Korea
Production 2,500 Units
- Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
- Support / Special Purpose |
(Showcased structural values pertain to the M1991 (Model 1991) production model)
1 x Diesel-fueled engine of unknown make, model and output rating.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the M1991 (Model 1991) production model)
50 mph (80 kph)
497 miles (800 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the M1991 (Model 1991) production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
22 x 240mm rockets held in launcher tube component (trainable mounting).
Ammunition: 22 x Rockets in standard pack fitting; reloads provided by accompanying resupply vehicles; variable warheads to include HE-FRAG, incendiary and chemical types.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the M1991 (Model 1991) production model)
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