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Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer)

Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery (SPAAA)

The West German Gepard Flakpanzer Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun was based on the chassis of the Leopard 1 Main Battle Tank.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 7/2/2019
National Flag Graphic


Year: 1974
Manufacturer(s): Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, Munich, Germany
Production: 527
Capabilities: Anti-Aircraft/Airspace Denial;
Crew: 3
Length: 23.26 ft (7.09 m)
Width: 10.66 ft (3.25 m)
Height: 9.88 ft (3.01 m)
Weight: 50 tons (45,500 kg); 100,310 lb
Power: 1 x MTU MB838 Ca M500, 10-cylinder, water-cooled diesel-fueled engine developing 830 horsepower at 2,200rpm driving conventional track-and-wheeled arrangement.
Speed: 40 mph (65 kph)
Range: 342 miles (550 km)
Operators: Brazil; Belgium (retired); Chile (retired); Germany (retired) / West Germany; Jordan; Netherlands; Romania
The Gepard Flakpanzer, a tracked, Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) platform arriving from West Germany during the Cold War, was built atop the existing - and proven - chassis of the Leopard 1 Main Battle Tank (MBT) and served mobile anti-aircraft artillery battalions of the West. It featured twin-35mm autocannons in a traversing turret and could fire a variety of air-exploding ammunition including APHE (Armor-Piercing High Explosive) and HEI (High Explosive Incendiary) rounds. The primary purpose of the system was in combating low-flying ground attack craft and helicopters featured by the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc nations.

The automotive components of the Gepard retained the same powerpack of the Leopard 1 and was operated by a crew of three comprising of a driver, commander, and gunner. A separate powerpack was also included to drive the onboard tracking system. The turret fitted a complete Fire Control System (FCS), full tracking and search radar functionality and its guns were capable of 550 rounds-per-minute fire with a maximum effective range of about 3,500 meters (nearly 2.2 miles).

The German Army retired its last Gepard systems in 2010 - making room for a new, more modern solution based on the GTK Boxer multi-role wheeled vehicle. The Dutch version fitted a different radar system than the German offering.

The armies of Brazil (ex-German), Jordan (ex-Dutch) and Romania (ex-German) still utilize the Gepard system. Belgium and Chile have joined Germany and the Netherlands in retiring the platform.

Over 500 examples were produced.


2 x 35mm Oerlikon Autocannons.
8 x 76mm Smoke Grenade Dischargers.

640 x 35mm anti-aircraft ammunition (320 rounds to a gun).
40 x 35mm anti-tank ammunition (20 rounds to a gun)
8 x 76mm Smoke Grenades

Variants / Models

• Gepard - Variant of the Leopard 1 Main Battle Tank, utilizing the Leopard 1 chassis; fitted with 2 x 35mm Oerlikon autocannons; 10-cylinder MTU multi-fuel diesel engine.
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