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Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer)

Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery (SPAAA)

Armor / Land Systems

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Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

The West German Gepard Flakpanzer Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun was based on the chassis of the Leopard 1 Main Battle Tank.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 7/2/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The Gepard Flakpanzer, a tracked, Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) platform arriving from West Germany during the Cold War, was built atop the existing - and proven - chassis of the Leopard 1 Main Battle Tank (MBT) and served mobile anti-aircraft artillery battalions of the West. It featured twin-35mm autocannons in a traversing turret and could fire a variety of air-exploding ammunition including APHE (Armor-Piercing High Explosive) and HEI (High Explosive Incendiary) rounds. The primary purpose of the system was in combating low-flying ground attack craft and helicopters featured by the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc nations.

The automotive components of the Gepard retained the same powerpack of the Leopard 1 and was operated by a crew of three comprising of a driver, commander, and gunner. A separate powerpack was also included to drive the onboard tracking system. The turret fitted a complete Fire Control System (FCS), full tracking and search radar functionality and its guns were capable of 550 rounds-per-minute fire with a maximum effective range of about 3,500 meters (nearly 2.2 miles).

The German Army retired its last Gepard systems in 2010 - making room for a new, more modern solution based on the GTK Boxer multi-role wheeled vehicle. The Dutch version fitted a different radar system than the German offering.

The armies of Brazil (ex-German), Jordan (ex-Dutch) and Romania (ex-German) still utilize the Gepard system. Belgium and Chile have joined Germany and the Netherlands in retiring the platform.

Over 500 examples were produced.


Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, Munich, Germany
527 Units
National flag of Belgium National flag of Brazil National flag of Chile National flag of Germany National flag of Jordan National flag of Netherlands National flag of Romania Brazil; Belgium (retired); Chile (retired); Germany (retired) / West Germany; Jordan; Netherlands; Romania
- Anti-Aircraft / Airspace Denial
23.26 ft (7.09 m)
10.66 ft (3.25 m)
9.88 ft (3.01 m)
50 tons (45,500 kg; 100,310 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer) production model)
1 x MTU MB838 Ca M500, 10-cylinder, water-cooled diesel-fueled engine developing 830 horsepower at 2,200rpm driving conventional track-and-wheeled arrangement.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer) production model)
Maximum Speed:
40 mph (65 kph)
Maximum Range:
342 miles (550 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer) production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
2 x 35mm Oerlikon Autocannons.
8 x 76mm Smoke Grenade Dischargers.

640 x 35mm anti-aircraft ammunition (320 rounds to a gun).
40 x 35mm anti-tank ammunition (20 rounds to a gun)
8 x 76mm Smoke Grenades
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer) production model)
Gepard - Variant of the Leopard 1 Main Battle Tank, utilizing the Leopard 1 chassis; fitted with 2 x 35mm Oerlikon autocannons; 10-cylinder MTU multi-fuel diesel engine.

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