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WORLD WAR 2


KV-8 (Klimenti Voroshilov)


Flamethrower Tank


The KV-1 Heavy Tank formed the basis for the KV-8 Flamethrower Tank, the original 76mm main gun reduced to a 45mm design to make room for the new equipment.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 10/4/2016
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Specifications


Year: 1942
Manufacturer(s): State Factories - Soviet Union
Production: 69
Capabilities: Fire Support/Assault/Breaching; Tank vs Tank; Support/Special Purpose;
Crew: 5
Length: 22.28 ft (6.79 m)
Width: 10.89 ft (3.32 m)
Height: 11.98 ft (3.65 m)
Weight: 52 tons (47,445 kg); 104,598 lb
Power: 1 x V-2K V12 diesel-fueled engine developing 600 horsepower.
Speed: 22 mph (35 kph)
Range: 99 miles (160 km)
Operators: Soviet Union
Like other major armies of World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviets evolved one of their existing combat tank systems into a self-propelled flame-projecting platform. This came in the form of the KV-1 Heavy Tank series (detailed elsewhere on this site) modified for the role in 1942 as the "KV-8". The Tank was essentially faithful in form and function to the original KV-1 design but installed the ATO-41 series flamethrower next to the coaxial machine gun fitting (7.62mm BT). As this new arrangement reduced internal space in an already-cramped turret, the original 76.2mm main gun was replaced with the smaller 45mm Model 1932 series anti-tank gun.

In an effort to fool the Germans, the 45mm gun barrel had the gun tube of the 76mm set over it, allowing the KV-8 to retain the appearance of a true KV-1.

Internally there was still a crew of five operatives. The vehicle weighed 52.3 tons and showcased a length of 6.79 meters, a width of 3.32 meters and a height of 3.65 meters. Power was from a single V-2K V12 diesel engine developing 600 horsepower and allowing for road speeds of 35 kmh to be reached with an operational range out to 160 kilometers.

Approximately 42 KV-8 vehicles were produced. Twenty-five appeared as the KV-8S and based on the KV-1S production model (an upgraded version of the KV-1 with reworked turret, uprated transmission and better performance). These carried the ATO-42 series flamethrower as well which was an improved version of the earlier ATO-41. The KV-8M followed as a proposed, upgraded variant of the KV-8S model intended to carry two flamethrowers. Only two prototypes of this form were built and the design was not adopted for service.






Armament



1 x 45mm Model 1932 main gun
1 x ATO-41 flamethrower in coaxial mounting
1 x 7.62mm BT machine gun in coaxial mounting
1 x 7.62mm BT machine gun in rear-facing position

Ammunition:
100 x 45mm projectiles (estimated)
3,000 x 7.62mm ammunition (estimated)

Variants / Models



• KV-8 - Base Series Designation; initial production form; 42 examples completed with ATO-41 flamethrowers.
• KV-8S - Based on the improved KV-1S production models; 25 examples completed with ATO-42 flamethrower support.
• KV-8M - Proposed, upgraded model to carry two flamethrower weapons; only two prototypes completed.
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