Model Variants (Including Prototypes)
XM1 - Prototype Model Designation.
M1 - Base Production Model; 105mm rifled M68 main gun; 3,273 examples produced.
M1IP ("Improvement Production") - 105mm rifled M68 main gun; various upgrades.
M1A1 - Upgraded from Royal Ordnance rifled 105mm main gun to Rheinmetall smoothbore 120mm main gun; armor upgrade package; decreased road speed to 41.5 mph.
M1A1HC ("Heavy Common") - Based on M1A1; fitted with depleted uranium armor mesh; improved storage; 120mm smoothbore main gun; pressurized NBC protection system.
M1A1-D ("Digital") - Based on M1A1HC; highly-evolved Abrams fitted with digital suite.
M1A1-AIM ("Abrams Integrated Management") - Based on the M1A1-D; reconditioned former Abrams units; fitted with FLIR and various other sensors; onboard phone system and applicable communications; thermal sight for commander's 12.7mm gun.
M1A1 KVT ("Krasnovian Variant Tank") - M1A1 models designed to mimic the look of Soviet-era tanks for training purposes.
M1A1M - Iraqi Export Model; based on the M1A1.
M1A2 - Land navigation system, new commander's Independent Thermal Viewer and new armor.
M1A2 SEP ("System Enhancement Package") - Improved Road Speed to 42mph; increased combat weight to 69.5 tons; improved depleted uranium armor protection utilizing graphite.
M1A1SA - Moroccan Army designation
M1A1/M1A2 "Grizzly" CMV ("Combat Mobility Vehicle") - Dozer-fitted for Battlefield Engineering Vehicle assignments; not adopted.
M1A3 - Proposed modernized M1A2; lighter overall weight; new lightweight main gun; development scheduled for 2020.
M1 "Panther II" - Remote-Controlled Mine Clearing Vehicle
M1 "Panther II" - Mine Clearing Vehicle variant with Blade/Roller System .
M104 "Wolverine" HAB ("Heavy Assault Bridge")- Bridgelayer based on M1 chassis.
M1 ABV ("Assault Breacher Vehicle") - Prototype Stage for ultimate use by the US Marines
M1 ARV ("Armored Recovery Vehicle") - Single Proposed Prototype