The claymore was a longsword appearing between the 15th and 17th centuries and is always closely associated with its use by the Scots in their clan wars. The weapon itself was conventional by sword standards and featured a long-running double-edged blade atop a long, two-handed hilt. The hilt was generally characterized by its cross pattern and the weapon itself was highly recognizeable for its sheer length, meauring in at between 4 and 4.5 feet. The blade itself was 45 inches long and could be used for both piercing and slicing actions. The need for a firm two-hand hold naturally negated the use of a shield for self-defense. A different basket-hilted version offered a one-handed use action. Principle operators of the claymore became the warring Scottish Highlanders and the modern Highlander Regiments of the British Army.
The term "claymore" itself translates from the Scottish Gaelic as "great sword" - with good reason.