U.S. World War 1 Aircraft (1917-1918) - American Combat Airplanes of The Great War
After sitting out much of the early part of World War 1, the United States finally entered the conflict on the side of the Allies and helped to change its course for good.Tied down by Wright Brothers patent issues and a non-committal government, aviation design, development and production in the United States was stymied leading up to World War 1. As such, American air power during the conflict was stocked with many European types when the nation committed to war in 1917. Some homegrown developments eventually did materialize though American aces were born largely through piloting British- and French-originated fighters.
There are a total of 48 U.S. World War 1 Aircraft (1917-1918) - American Combat Airplanes of The Great War in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Immediate pre-war and post-war types are also included in this listing.
The Aeromarine 39 became the first American aircraft to land on a moving carrier in 1922.
The Aeromarine 40 floatplane series saw only 50 built from the original 200-strong production contract thanks to the end of World War 1.
Just under 260 examples of the Airco DH.10 were completed in all - though the type arrived very late for the fighting of World War 1.
The Airco DH.4 was produced in nearly 6,300 examples for the Allies and served as a successful day bomber during World War 1.
The planned successor to the Airco DH.4, the Airco DH.9 failed in most respects.
The Ansaldo A.1 Balilla became Italy's first true indigenous fighter design to emerge in World War 1.
Over 1,200 of the Ansaldo SVA biplanes were constructed into the latter half of the 1920s - operators were global and ranged from Argentina to Yugoslavia.
The Avro Type 504 biplane became of the most remarkable airplane designs to come out of the fighting of World War 1.
The Breguet 14 represented the single-most important aircraft flying for French forces in World War One.
The Caproni Ca.4 triplane heavy bomber proved itself a heady performer for the Italians during World War 1.
The French Caudron G.3 reconnaissance biplane was an evolved 1914 form of the earlier G.2 series
The Cau R.11 appeared in the last year of the war and evolved from armed reconnaissance to bomber escort.
The Curtiss JN-4 Jenny series of biplane trainers served in thousands of examples across multiple national air forces.
Only ten Curtiss NC aircraft were purchased during its production run and utilized primarily by the United States Navy over the Atlantic.
The Dorand Ar series of observation biplanes served in some number during World War 1, with both the French and Americans.
The Felixstowe F.2 was a militarized British version of the American Curtiss H-12 flying boat.
The Felixstowe F-series became the standard flying boat for the RAF and was adopted by the Americans in time.
Developed during the last year of World War 1, the German Fokker C.I went on to have a post-war career with a select few nations while being produced in The Netherlands.
The finest of the German war time fighters of World War 1 became the Fokker D.VII biplane of 1918.
For a time, the HP O/400 was the largest aircraft ever produced for the United Kingdom.
The French Air Service rejected the Hanriot HD.1 but it did see service primarily with Belgian and Italian forces in World War 1.
Despite its clunky boat-like appearance, the Macchi M.5 held excellent agility in combat as a fighter.
Only nine Martin MB-1 series bombers were completed before the end of hostilities in World War 1.
The twin-seat Nieuport 12 was a larger and faster version of the preceding single-seat Nieuport 10 biplane fighter model.
The Nieuport 17 of 1916 was a continuation of fighting excellence first revealed in the Nieuport 11 of 1915.
The Nieuport 28 was the first operational fighter to be fielded by incoming American forces during World War 1.
An original French design, the Packard-Le Pere LUSAC-11 biplane fighter was produced for the United States towards the end of World War 1.
Despite arriving in the last year of World War 1, the Pfalz D.XII biplane fighter managed a production total nearing 800 aircraft.
Though introduced as early as 1912, the RAF B.E.2 still saw operational use throughout all of World War 1.
The F.E.2 series was a pivotal Allied performer during the Fokker Scourge and later went on to become a capable night bomber.
As the required training time for new pilots was short, the Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 was specifically designed to be easy to fly.
The Rumpler C.VII two-seat reconnaissance biplane was fielded in two notable versions - an armed reconnaissance type and an unarmed photo-reconnaissance model.
The Salmson 2 made up a large portion of French reconnaissance air power by the end of World War 1 in 1918.
The Sopwith Strutter was the first British aircraft to feature synchronized firing machine guns.
The Sopwith Baby was born of the Sopwith Schneider design and saw service in the early years of World War 1.
The classic Sopwith Camel biplane fighter became a turning-point design for the Allies in the air war of World War 1.
The Sopwith Pup design was an immediate contributor and partly responsible for turning the tide of the air war in 1916.
The French SPAD S.VII proved a most capable fighter thanks to sound design and strong inherent qualities.
The two-seat SPAD S.XI was dogged by issues which led to limited production during World War 1.
The cannon-armed SPAD S.XII was produced in only 300 examples with many of these reserved for experienced pilots.
The SPAD S.XIII proved an excellent development of the successful SPAD S.VII design.
SSZ 65 represented one of the 77 SSZ-class airships constructed by Britain for World War 1 service.
The Standard J-1 spent much of its career playing second-fiddle to the Curtiss Jenny and was a product of the American effort of World War 1.
The Vought VE-7 biplane made up the first two fighter squadrons for the United States Navy through VF-1 and VF-2 - 128 total aircraft were produced into 1928.