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Special Purpose Aircraft


Sometimes there proves a select aviation requirement for the military that produces specialized aircraft not fitting into any one category.



There are a total of 198 Special Purpose Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator.


Thumbnail picture of the Aerospatiale Alouette II
Aerospatiale Alouette II (1957)
Thumbnail picture of the Aerospatiale SA 315B Lama
Aerospatiale SA 315B Lama (1971)
Thumbnail picture of the Air Tractor AT-802
Air Tractor AT-802 (1990)
Thumbnail picture of the Airbus Helicopters (NHIndustries) NH90
Airbus Helicopters (NHIndustries) NH90 (2007)
Thumbnail picture of the Airbus Helicopters H120 Colibri / (Eurocopter EC120)
Airbus Helicopters H120 Colibri / (Eurocopter EC120) (1998)
Thumbnail picture of the Airbus Helicopters H125 Fennec (Eurocopter AS550)
Airbus Helicopters H125 Fennec (Eurocopter AS550) (1990)
Thumbnail picture of the Airbus Helicopters HH-65 Dolphin
Airbus Helicopters HH-65 Dolphin (2002)
Thumbnail picture of the Airbus Helicopters MRH90 Taipan
Airbus Helicopters MRH90 Taipan (2016)
Thumbnail picture of the Airbus Military / CASA CN-235
Airbus Military / CASA CN-235 (1988)
Thumbnail picture of the AirCo DH.10 (Amiens)
AirCo DH.10 (Amiens) (1918)
Thumbnail picture of the AirCo DH.4
AirCo DH.4 (1917)
Thumbnail picture of the Airspeed Horsa
Airspeed Horsa (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the Alenia-Aeritalia G.222
Alenia-Aeritalia G.222 (1978)
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-132
Antonov An-132 (2020)
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-2 (Colt)
Antonov An-2 (Colt) (1947)
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-30 (Clank)
Antonov An-30 (Clank) (1968)
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-70
Antonov An-70 (2018)
Thumbnail picture of the ARCA AirStrato
ARCA AirStrato (2015)
Thumbnail picture of the Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle (1941)
Thumbnail picture of the Armstrong Whitworth Atlas
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas (1927)
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Bison
Avro Bison (1922)
Thumbnail picture of the Avro York (Type 685)
Avro York (Type 685) (1944)
Thumbnail picture of the Bachem Ba 349 Natter (Adder / Viper)
Bachem Ba 349 Natter (Adder / Viper) (1945)
Thumbnail picture of the BAe / Hawker Siddeley Nimrod
BAe / Hawker Siddeley Nimrod (1969)
Thumbnail picture of the BAe QF-4 (McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II)
BAe QF-4 (McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II) (1997)
Thumbnail picture of the Beechcraft Bonanza
Beechcraft Bonanza (1947)
Thumbnail picture of the Beechcraft C-45 (Expeditor)
Beechcraft C-45 (Expeditor) (1941)
Thumbnail picture of the Beechcraft King Air
Beechcraft King Air (1964)
Thumbnail picture of the Bell D-188 (XF3L / XF-109)
Bell D-188 (XF3L / XF-109) (1961)
Thumbnail picture of the Bell H-13 Sioux
Bell H-13 Sioux (1947)
Thumbnail picture of the Bell Model 212
Bell Model 212 (1968)
Thumbnail picture of the Bell Model 407
Bell Model 407 (1996)
Thumbnail picture of the Bell Model 412
Bell Model 412 (1981)
Thumbnail picture of the Bell Model 47
Bell Model 47 (1946)
Thumbnail picture of the Bell UH-1B/C Huey Cobra / Frog
Bell UH-1B/C Huey Cobra / Frog (1962)
Thumbnail picture of the Bell V-247 Vigilant
Bell V-247 Vigilant (2023)
Thumbnail picture of the Berezniak-Isayev BI
Berezniak-Isayev BI (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the Beriev A-50 (Mainstay)
Beriev A-50 (Mainstay) (1984)
Thumbnail picture of the Beriev Be-200 Altair
Beriev Be-200 Altair (2003)
Thumbnail picture of the Beriev Be-42 Albatros (Mermaid) (A-40)
Beriev Be-42 Albatros (Mermaid) (A-40) (1989)
Thumbnail picture of the Beriev-Bartini VVA-14 (Vertikal no-Vzletayuschaya Amphibia)
Beriev-Bartini VVA-14 (Vertikal no-Vzletayuschaya Amphibia) (1972)
Thumbnail picture of the Blackburn Buccaneer
Blackburn Buccaneer (1962)
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.202
Blohm and Voss Bv P.202 (1946)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing / Hughes AH-6 / MH-6 Little Bird
Boeing / Hughes AH-6 / MH-6 Little Bird (1980)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing 737 Peace Eagle
Boeing 737 Peace Eagle (2014)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing 747 Dreamlifter
Boeing 747 Dreamlifter (2007)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing 757
Boeing 757 (1983)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter
Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter (1944)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing E-3 Sentry (AWACS)
Boeing E-3 Sentry (AWACS) (1977)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing E-4 Advanced Airborne Command Post
Boeing E-4 Advanced Airborne Command Post (1975)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing E-6 Mercury
Boeing E-6 Mercury (1989)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing E-7 Wedgetail
Boeing E-7 Wedgetail (2009)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing KC-97 Stratofreighter
Boeing KC-97 Stratofreighter (1951)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing Model 40
Boeing Model 40 (1927)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing QF-16 (Fighting Falcon)
Boeing QF-16 (Fighting Falcon) (2015)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing RC-135
Boeing RC-135 (1962)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing Skyfox
Boeing Skyfox (1983)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing T-43 (Gator)
Boeing T-43 (Gator) (1973)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing X-37 OTV (Orbital Test Vehicle)
Boeing X-37 OTV (Orbital Test Vehicle) (2010)
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing YB-40 Flying Fortress
Boeing YB-40 Flying Fortress (1943)
Thumbnail picture of the Bombardier Raytheon Sentinel
Bombardier Raytheon Sentinel (2008)
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol M.1
Bristol M.1 (1917)
Thumbnail picture of the Britten-Norman Defender
Britten-Norman Defender (1989)
Thumbnail picture of the Britten-Norman Islander
Britten-Norman Islander (1965)
Thumbnail picture of the Canadair CT-133 Silver Star
Canadair CT-133 Silver Star (1951)
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron C.440 (Goeland)
Caudron C.440 (Goeland) (1935)
Thumbnail picture of the Cessna O-1 Bird Dog (L-19)
Cessna O-1 Bird Dog (L-19) (1950)
Thumbnail picture of the Cessna T-41 Mescalero
Cessna T-41 Mescalero (1964)
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated XB-41 Liberator
Consolidated XB-41 Liberator (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the CONVAIR C-131 / R4Y Samaritan
CONVAIR C-131 / R4Y Samaritan (1950)
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk
Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk (1931)
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss H-16
Curtiss H-16 (1917)
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss SC Seahawk
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter (1966)
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland DH.91 Albatross
de Havilland DH.91 Albatross (1938)
Thumbnail picture of the Dornier Do 17 (Flying Pencil)
Dornier Do 17 (Flying Pencil) (1937)
Thumbnail picture of the Dornier Do 28 (Skyservant)
Dornier Do 28 (Skyservant) (1959)
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas B-66 / RB-66 Destroyer
Douglas B-66 / RB-66 Destroyer (1956)
Thumbnail picture of the EADS CASA HC-144 Ocean Sentry
EADS CASA HC-144 Ocean Sentry (2009)
Thumbnail picture of the Embraer KC-390
Embraer KC-390 (2018)
Thumbnail picture of the Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner
Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner (1972)
Thumbnail picture of the Fieseler Fi 103R (Reichenberg)
Fieseler Fi 103R (Reichenberg) (1944)
Thumbnail picture of the Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Stork)
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Stork) (1937)
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 Bachstelze (Wagtail)
Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 Bachstelze (Wagtail) (1943)
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Projekt Kamikaze Carrier
Focke-Wulf Projekt Kamikaze Carrier (1944)
Thumbnail picture of the General Aircraft Hamilcar
General Aircraft Hamilcar (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha Go.242
Gotha Go.242 (1941)
Thumbnail picture of the Granville Gee Bee (Series)
Granville Gee Bee (Series) (1931)
Thumbnail picture of the Griffon Aerospace MQM-170 Outlaw
Griffon Aerospace MQM-170 Outlaw (2004)
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman Goose (G-21)
Grumman Goose (G-21) (1937)
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman TBF Avenger
Grumman TBF Avenger (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the Guizhou WU-14
Guizhou WU-14 (2014)
Thumbnail picture of the Gyrodyne QH-50 DASH
Gyrodyne QH-50 DASH (1963)
Thumbnail picture of the HAL Dhruv (Polaris)
HAL Dhruv (Polaris) (2002)
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 111
Heinkel He 111 (1935)
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 111Z (Zwilling)
Heinkel He 111Z (Zwilling) (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 70 (Blitz)
Heinkel He 70 (Blitz) (1933)
Thumbnail picture of the Henschel Hs 129
Henschel Hs 129 (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the Hiller OH-23 Raven (Model UH-12)
Hiller OH-23 Raven (Model UH-12) (1948)
Thumbnail picture of the Hughes H-1 (Hughes 1B)
Hughes H-1 (Hughes 1B) (1935)
Thumbnail picture of the Hughes TH-55 Osage
Hughes TH-55 Osage (1961)
Thumbnail picture of the Hybrid Air Vehicles Airlander 10
Hybrid Air Vehicles Airlander 10 (2020)
Thumbnail picture of the IAI EL/W-2085
IAI EL/W-2085 (2010)
Thumbnail picture of the Indonesian Aerospace N-219
Indonesian Aerospace N-219 (2018)
Thumbnail picture of the Indonesian Aerospace N-245
Indonesian Aerospace N-245 (2020)
Thumbnail picture of the IOMAX Archangel
IOMAX Archangel (2017)
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers G38
Junkers G38 (1931)
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 52
Junkers Ju 52 (1932)
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 86
Junkers Ju 86 (1936)
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 88
Junkers Ju 88 (1939)
Thumbnail picture of the Kaiser-Fleetwings BQ-2
Kaiser-Fleetwings BQ-2 (1943)
Thumbnail picture of the Kaman HH-43 Huskie
Kaman HH-43 Huskie (1958)
Thumbnail picture of the Kaman K-MAX (K-1200)
Kaman K-MAX (K-1200) (1994)
Thumbnail picture of the Kamov Ka-226 Sergei (Hoodlum)
Kamov Ka-226 Sergei (Hoodlum) (2002)
Thumbnail picture of the Kawanishi Baika (Ume Blossom)
Kawanishi Baika (Ume Blossom) (1945)
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-78 (KEN III)
Kawasaki Ki-78 (KEN III) (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the Kellett KD-1
Kellett KD-1 (1935)
Thumbnail picture of the Kyushu K11W Shiragiku (White Chrysanthemum)
Kyushu K11W Shiragiku (White Chrysanthemum) (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the Leonardo (AgustaWestland) AW109
Leonardo (AgustaWestland) AW109 (1976)
Thumbnail picture of the Leonardo (AgustaWestland) AW189
Leonardo (AgustaWestland) AW189 (2015)
Thumbnail picture of the Leonardo (AgustaWestland) AW609 TiltRotor
Leonardo (AgustaWestland) AW609 TiltRotor (2019)
Thumbnail picture of the Leonardo (AgustaWestland) CH-149 Cormorant
Leonardo (AgustaWestland) CH-149 Cormorant (2000)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed A-12 (Archangel 12)
Lockheed A-12 (Archangel 12) (1963)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed C-130 Hercules
Lockheed C-130 Hercules (1956)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed C-141 Starlifter
Lockheed C-141 Starlifter (1965)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed HC-130J Combat King II
Lockheed HC-130J Combat King II (2013)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed Martin LMH-1 (P-791)
Lockheed Martin LMH-1 (P-791) (2019)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed Martin U-2 Dragon Lady
Lockheed Martin U-2 Dragon Lady (1955)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon (I / II)
Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon (I / II) (1966)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed MC-130J Commando II
Lockheed MC-130J Commando II (2011)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed MC-130P Combat Shadow
Lockheed MC-130P Combat Shadow (1986)
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed XFV (Salmon)
Lockheed XFV (Salmon) (1954)
Thumbnail picture of the LTV XC-142
LTV XC-142 (1964)
Thumbnail picture of the Marenco SwissHelicopter SKYe SH09
Marenco SwissHelicopter SKYe SH09 (2019)
Thumbnail picture of the Martin B-57 Canberra
Martin B-57 Canberra (1954)
Thumbnail picture of the Martin JRM Mars
Martin JRM Mars (1943)
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell Douglas C-9 (Nightingale/Skytrain II)
McDonnell Douglas C-9 (Nightingale/Skytrain II) (1968)
Thumbnail picture of the MD Helicopters / Hughes MD500
MD Helicopters / Hughes MD500 (1982)
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt  Bf 108 Taifun (Typhoon)
Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun (Typhoon) (1934)
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Bf 109
Messerschmitt Bf 109 (1937)
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant (Giant)
Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant (Giant) (1941)
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 323 Gigant (Giant)
Messerschmitt Me 323 Gigant (Giant) (1943)
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 328
Messerschmitt Me 328 (1944)
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-1 (Hare)
Mil Mi-1 (Hare) (1950)
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H)
Mil Mi-17 (Hip-H) (1981)
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-24 (Hind)
Mil Mi-24 (Hind) (1973)
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-26 (Halo)
Mil Mi-26 (Halo) (1983)
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-35 (Hind)
Mil Mi-35 (Hind) (2005)
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-38
Mil Mi-38 (2015)
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-6 (Hook)
Mil Mi-6 (Hook) (1962)
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi Ki-51 (Sonia)
Mitsubishi Ki-51 (Sonia) (1940)
Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-55 (Mystic)
Myasishchev M-55 (Mystic) (1978)
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima Ki-115 Tsurugi
Nakajima Ki-115 Tsurugi (1945)
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (Oscar)
Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (Oscar) (1942)
Thumbnail picture of the Nanchang Q-5 (Fantan)
Nanchang Q-5 (Fantan) (1970)
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye
Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye (1964)
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint STARS (JSTARS)
Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint STARS (JSTARS) (1996)
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman Firebird
Northrop Grumman Firebird (2010)
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman MQ-4 Triton
Northrop Grumman MQ-4 Triton (2018)
Thumbnail picture of the ORBIS International DC-10 (Flying Eye Hospital)
ORBIS International DC-10 (Flying Eye Hospital) (1994)
Thumbnail picture of the Panavia Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance)
Panavia Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat / Reconnaissance) (1990)
Thumbnail picture of the Paramount AHRLAC (Mwari)
Paramount AHRLAC (Mwari) (2017)
Thumbnail picture of the Polikarpov Po-2 (Mule)
Polikarpov Po-2 (Mule) (1929)
Thumbnail picture of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28) (1993)
Thumbnail picture of the Radioplane OQ-2
Radioplane OQ-2 (1941)
Thumbnail picture of the Reiner Stemme Q01
Reiner Stemme Q01 (2017)
Thumbnail picture of the Robinson R44
Robinson R44 (1993)
Thumbnail picture of the Ryan NYP (Spirit of St. Louis)
Ryan NYP (Spirit of St. Louis) (1927)
Thumbnail picture of the Saab 2000
Saab 2000 (1994)
Thumbnail picture of the Saab J32 Lansen (Lance)
Saab J32 Lansen (Lance) (1955)
Thumbnail picture of the Saab Skeldar
Saab Skeldar (2013)
Thumbnail picture of the SAGEM Patroller
SAGEM Patroller (2017)
Thumbnail picture of the Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (Bat)
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (Bat) (1935)
Thumbnail picture of the Short 360
Short 360 (1982)
Thumbnail picture of the Short S38 Sturgeon
Short S38 Sturgeon (1950)
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky CH-53E Super Stallion
Sikorsky CH-53E Super Stallion (1981)
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe / Erickson S-64 Skycrane
Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe / Erickson S-64 Skycrane (1962)
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky HH-3E Jolly Green Giant
Sikorsky HH-3E Jolly Green Giant (1967)
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky HH-60 / MH-60T Jayhawk
Sikorsky HH-60 / MH-60T Jayhawk (1990)
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky S-43 (Baby Clipper)
Sikorsky S-43 (Baby Clipper) (1935)
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky S-92
Sikorsky S-92 (2004)
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky VH-60 White Hawk
Sikorsky VH-60 White Hawk (1988)
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Tabloid
Sopwith Tabloid (1914)
Thumbnail picture of the Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103)
Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103) (1984)
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XV
SPAD S.XV (1919)
Thumbnail picture of the Standard J
Standard J (1917)
Thumbnail picture of the Stinson L-1 Vigilant (Model 74)
Stinson L-1 Vigilant (Model 74) (1941)
Thumbnail picture of the Stinson Reliant
Stinson Reliant (1933)
Thumbnail picture of the Sud-Ouest SO 9000 Trident
Sud-Ouest SO 9000 Trident (1953)
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)
Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger) (1954)
Thumbnail picture of the USS Akron (ZRS-4)
USS Akron (ZRS-4) (1931)
Thumbnail picture of the USS Macon (ZRS-5)
USS Macon (ZRS-5) (1933)
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Vespa
Vickers Vespa (1928)
Thumbnail picture of the Vulcan Aerospace Stratolaunch Systems Carrier
Vulcan Aerospace Stratolaunch Systems Carrier (2020)
Thumbnail picture of the Westland Dragonfly (WS-51)
Westland Dragonfly (WS-51) (1950)
Thumbnail picture of the Westland Lysander
Westland Lysander (1938)
Thumbnail picture of the Windhorse Aerospace Pouncer
Windhorse Aerospace Pouncer (2017)
Thumbnail picture of the Yokosuka MXY7-K1 Ohka (Cherry Blossom)
Yokosuka MXY7-K1 Ohka (Cherry Blossom) (1945)