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Russian / Soviet X-Plane Aircraft


Military | Aviation History

The Russian have never lagged far behind the West in terms of modern aircraft advancements and related technologies - from the biplane to the jet and beyond.

There are a total of [ 68 ] Russian / Soviet X-Plane Aircraft entries in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. This listing also includes those developments brought about under the Soviet flag during the Interwar period, World War 2, and the Cold War.




1
Picture of the Alekseyev I-211
National Flag Graphic
1947
Alekseyev I-211
Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Prototype Aircraft
2
Picture of the Belyayev DB-LK
National Flag Graphic
1939
Belyayev DB-LK
Long-Range Bomber Prototype
3
Picture of the Berezniak-Isayev BI
National Flag Graphic
1942
Berezniak-Isayev BI
Rocket-Powered Interceptor / Fighter Prototype Aircraft
4
Picture of the Beriev-Bartini VVA-14 (Vertikal no-Vzletayuschaya Amphibia)
National Flag Graphic
1972
Beriev-Bartini VVA-14 (Vertikal no-Vzletayuschaya Amphibia)
Amphibious Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Aircraft Prototype
5
Picture of the Bisnovat SK-2 (Skorostnoye Krylo)
National Flag Graphic
1940
Bisnovat SK-2 (Skorostnoye Krylo)
Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Prototype
6
Picture of the Bolkhovitinov S (Sparka)
National Flag Graphic
1940
Bolkhovitinov S (Sparka)
High-Speed, Two-Seat, Twin-Engine Bomber Prototype Aircraft
7
Picture of the CHDB A-90 Orlyonok (Eaglet) (Ekranoplan)
National Flag Graphic
1979
CHDB A-90 Orlyonok (Eaglet) (Ekranoplan)
Ground Effect Flying Boat / Transport Aircraft
8
Picture of the Grigorovich I-Z
National Flag Graphic
1933
Grigorovich I-Z
Cannon-Armed Fighter Prototype
9
Picture of the Gudkov GU-82
National Flag Graphic
1943
Gudkov GU-82
Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter
10
Picture of the Ilyushin IL-1
National Flag Graphic
1944
Ilyushin IL-1
Ground Attack Fighter Prototype
11
Picture of the Ilyushin IL-102
National Flag Graphic
1982
Ilyushin IL-102
Close-Air Support (CAS) / Ground Attack Aircraft Prototype
12
Picture of the Ilyushin IL-106 (Slon) / (PAK VTA)
National Flag Graphic
2026
Ilyushin IL-106 (Slon) / (PAK VTA)
Heavy-Lift Strategic Transport Aircraft
13
Picture of the Ilyushin IL-114
National Flag Graphic
1998
Ilyushin IL-114
Regional Turboprop Airliner / Military Aircraft
14
Picture of the Ilyushin IL-2 Shturmovik (Bark)
National Flag Graphic
1941
Ilyushin IL-2 Shturmovik (Bark)
Ground Attack / Close Air Support Aircraft
15
Picture of the Ilyushin Il-20
National Flag Graphic
1948
Ilyushin Il-20
Ground-Attack Prototype Aircraft
16
Picture of the Kalinin K-7
National Flag Graphic
1933
Kalinin K-7
Heavy Bomber / Passenger Airliner Prototype
17
Picture of the Kamov Ka-22
National Flag Graphic
1959
Kamov Ka-22
Transport Gyrodyne Helicopter
18
Picture of the Lavochkin La-150
National Flag Graphic
1946
Lavochkin La-150
Jet-Powered Fighter Prototype
19
Picture of the Lavochkin La-152 (Series)
National Flag Graphic
1946
Lavochkin La-152 (Series)
Single-Seat, Single-Engined Jet-Powered Fighter Prototype
20
Picture of the Lavochkin La-160
National Flag Graphic
1947
Lavochkin La-160
Single-Seat, Single-Engine Jet-Powered Fighter Prototype
21
Picture of the Lavochkin La-250 (Anaconda)
National Flag Graphic
1956
Lavochkin La-250 (Anaconda)
Long-Range, High-Altitude Interceptor Prototype
22
Picture of the Lun (Ekranoplan)
National Flag Graphic
1987
Lun (Ekranoplan)
Ground Effect Flying Boat / Anti-Ship Warfare Aircraft
23
Picture of the Mikoyan MiG 1.42 / 1.44 / MFI
National Flag Graphic
1999
Mikoyan MiG 1.42 / 1.44 / MFI
Technology Demonstrator
24
Picture of the Mikoyan MiG-41 (PAK DP)
National Flag Graphic
2030
Mikoyan MiG-41 (PAK DP)
High-Altitude, Long-Range Interceptor Proposal
25
Picture of the Mikoyan MiG-701 (Type 7.01)
National Flag Graphic
1990
Mikoyan MiG-701 (Type 7.01)
Long-Range Supersonic Interceptor Proposal
26
Picture of the Mikoyan MiG-AT
National Flag Graphic
2002
Mikoyan MiG-AT
Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Attack
27
Picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS (MiG-5)
National Flag Graphic
1940
Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS (MiG-5)
Proposed Long-Range Escort Fighter / Heavy Fighter
28
Picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich I-270
National Flag Graphic
1946
Mikoyan-Gurevich I-270
Single-Seat Rocket-Powered Interceptor
29
Picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich SN
National Flag Graphic
1953
Mikoyan-Gurevich SN
Jet-Powered Fighter Prototype
30
Picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-8 (Fishbed) / (MiG-23)
National Flag Graphic
1962
Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-8 (Fishbed) / (MiG-23)
Interceptor Prototype Aircraft
31
Picture of the Mil Mi-6 (Hook)
National Flag Graphic
1962
Mil Mi-6 (Hook)
Military / Civilian Multirole Helicopter
32
Picture of the Mil V-12 (Homer)
National Flag Graphic
1968
Mil V-12 (Homer)
Heavy-Lift Transport Helicopter Prototype
33
Picture of the Moskalev SAM-13
National Flag Graphic
1941
Moskalev SAM-13
Single-Seat, Twin-Engine Fighter Prototype
34
Picture of the Moskalev SAM-23
National Flag Graphic
1943
Moskalev SAM-23
Ground-Attack Aircraft Proposal
35
Picture of the Moskalev SAM-7 (Sigma)
National Flag Graphic
1936
Moskalev SAM-7 (Sigma)
Twin-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Prototype
36
Picture of the Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)
National Flag Graphic
1959
Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)
Strategic Bomber Prototype
37
Picture of the OKB-1 EF-131
National Flag Graphic
1947
OKB-1 EF-131
Jet-Powered Tactical Bomber Prototype
38
Picture of the OKB-1 EF-140
National Flag Graphic
1948
OKB-1 EF-140
Jet-Powered Tactical Fast Reconnaissance / Bomber Prototype
39
Picture of the OKB-1 EF-150
National Flag Graphic
1952
OKB-1 EF-150
Jet Bomber Prototype
40
Picture of the Pashinin I-21
National Flag Graphic
1940
Pashinin I-21
Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Protoype
41
Picture of the Petlyakov VI-100
National Flag Graphic
1940
Petlyakov VI-100
Heavy Twin-Engine Interceptor Prototype Aircraft
42
Picture of the Polikarpov I-1
National Flag Graphic
1923
Polikarpov I-1
Monoplane Fighter
43
Picture of the Polikarpov I-153 (Chaika)
National Flag Graphic
1939
Polikarpov I-153 (Chaika)
Single-Seat, Single-Engine Biplane Fighter
44
Picture of the Polikarpov TIS
National Flag Graphic
1944
Polikarpov TIS
Heavy Escort Fighter Prototype
45
Picture of the RKC Foton-601
National Flag Graphic
2024
RKC Foton-601
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR) Drone
46
Picture of the Rostech BAS-750
National Flag Graphic
2025
Rostech BAS-750
Unmanned Helicopter System (UHS)
47
Picture of the Sukhoi Checkmate (Su-75)
National Flag Graphic
2026
Sukhoi Checkmate (Su-75)
Lightweight 5th Generation Fighter Proposal
48
Picture of the Sukhoi P-1 (Perekhvatchuk-1)
National Flag Graphic
1957
Sukhoi P-1 (Perekhvatchuk-1)
Interceptor Prototype Aircraft
49
Picture of the Sukhoi Su-1 / Su-3
National Flag Graphic
1940
Sukhoi Su-1 / Su-3
High-Altitude Fighter Aircraft Prototype
50
Picture of the Sukhoi Su-15 (Samolet P)
National Flag Graphic
1949
Sukhoi Su-15 (Samolet P)
Interceptor Aircraft Prototype
51
Picture of the Sukhoi Su-32/37/47 Berkut (Golden Eagle)
National Flag Graphic
1997
Sukhoi Su-32/37/47 Berkut (Golden Eagle)
Technology Demonstrator Aircraft
52
Picture of the Sukhoi Su-57 (Felon)
National Flag Graphic
2019
Sukhoi Su-57 (Felon)
5th Generation Multi-Role Stealth Aircraft
53
Picture of the Sukhoi Su-70 Okhotnik (Hunter)
National Flag Graphic
2024
Sukhoi Su-70 Okhotnik (Hunter)
6th Generation Reconnaissance / UCAV Drone
54
Picture of the Sukhoi Su-9 / Su-11 / Su-13 (1946)
National Flag Graphic
1946
Sukhoi Su-9 / Su-11 / Su-13 (1946)
Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Night-Fighter Prototype Aircraft
55
Picture of the Sukhoi T-4 (Sotka)
National Flag Graphic
1972
Sukhoi T-4 (Sotka)
Prototype Supersonic Strategic Bomber / High-Speed Reconnaissance Aircraft
56
Picture of the Tupolev PAK DA
National Flag Graphic
2032
Tupolev PAK DA
5th Generation Strategic Stealth Bomber
57
Picture of the Tupolev Tu-12 (Tu-77)
National Flag Graphic
1947
Tupolev Tu-12 (Tu-77)
Experimental Jet-Powered Medium Bomber
58
Picture of the Tupolev Tu-144 (Charger)
National Flag Graphic
1975
Tupolev Tu-144 (Charger)
Supersonic Passenger Transport
59
Picture of the Tupolev Tu-334
National Flag Graphic
1999
Tupolev Tu-334
Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner Prototype
60
Picture of the Tupolev Tu-80
National Flag Graphic
1949
Tupolev Tu-80
Heavy Bomber Prototype Aircraft
61
Picture of the Tupolev Tu-85
National Flag Graphic
1951
Tupolev Tu-85
Heavy Bomber Prototype Aircraft
62
Picture of the Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)
National Flag Graphic
1956
Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)
Swept-Wing, Supersonic Strategic Bomber Prototype Aircraft
63
Picture of the Yakovlev Yak-30
National Flag Graphic
1948
Yakovlev Yak-30
Jet-Powered Interceptor Prototype Aircraft
64
Picture of the Yakovlev Yak-30 (Magnum)
National Flag Graphic
1960
Yakovlev Yak-30 (Magnum)
Two-Seat, Jet-Powered Advanced Trainer Aircraft Prototype
65
Picture of the Yakovlev Yak-36 (Freehand)
National Flag Graphic
1963
Yakovlev Yak-36 (Freehand)
Experimental Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Aircraft
66
Picture of the Yakovlev Yak-40 (Codling)
National Flag Graphic
1968
Yakovlev Yak-40 (Codling)
Triple-Engine Regional Passenger Airliner
67
Picture of the Yakovlev Yak-41 (Freestyle / Yak-141)
National Flag Graphic
1987
Yakovlev Yak-41 (Freestyle / Yak-141)
Prototype VTOL Fleet Defense Fighter Aircraft
68
Picture of the Yakovlev Yak-50 (1949)
National Flag Graphic
1949
Yakovlev Yak-50 (1949)
Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft
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