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LVG B (Series)


Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft


Imperial Germany | 1915



"The LVG B-series of twin-seat biplane aircraft was produced in three distinct variants."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Prior to production of military aircraft, the LVG concern ("Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft") was focused on manufacture of dirigibles which proved useful in reconnaissance sorties and artillery spotting, however vulnerable they were to ground and aircraft fire. The LVG B-series of aircraft became the company's first foray into military aviation and consisted of a lightweight two-seat biplane design which saw service in World War 1. Categorized as a reconnaissance aircraft, the system and its crew were charged with reconnoitering over enemy held territory, detailing enemy movements and positions in after-action reports and debriefings alike. Unlike later two-seat reconnaissance platforms encountered during the war, the B-series was unarmed and wholly susceptible to all kinds of aerial and ground dangers.

The initial production model, the B.I, was of a typical biplane configuration with an upper and lower wing assembly of unequal span joined together by various struts and cabling. The wings sported double bays with parallel struts and shorter supports at the fuselage. The engine was fitted at the extreme forward end of the fuselage with a conventional three-plane tail section at the rear. Power was supplied by a Mercedes D.I series inline liquid-cooled piston engine developing 100 horsepower. This supplied the aircraft with a top speed of 65 miles per hour with a four-hour endurance window. The pilot and his observer sat in tandem aft of the cockpit and under the upper wing assembly - the pilot in the rear and the observer to his front. The undercarriage consisted of two main landing gear wheels supported by struts under the main bulk of the fuselage and a tail skid at the rear. As stated above, the B.I was unarmed.

The German Luftstreitkrafte (air force) took deliveries of the B.I and, shortly thereafter, LVG began offering an improved form under the new designation of "B.II". This version introduced a more powerful Mercedes inline engine outputting 120 horsepower. Additionally, the upper wing assembly sported a "cut-out" section intended to better the views from the pilot's position. A trainer derivative - the "B.III" - was also introduced to help train upcoming pilots in the nuances of flight. The B.III was given a reinforced understructure to help contend with "rough flying".

Due to the inherent limitations of the aircraft line as a whole and advancing aeronautical technology throughout the war, the B-series was eventually removed from active frontline reconnaissance duties and relegated primarily to training. From then on, it was formally replaced by more capable types.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the LVG B.I Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft.
1 x Mercedes D.I liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 100 horsepower. driving a two-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
Propulsion
65 mph
105 kph | 57 kts
Max Speed
261 miles
420 km | 227 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the LVG B.I Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
27.2 ft
8.30 m
O/A Length
39.8 ft
(12.12 m)
O/A Width
9.7 ft
(2.95 m)
O/A Height
1,601 lb
(726 kg)
Empty Weight
2,370 lb
(1,075 kg)
MTOW
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the LVG B (Series) family line.
B.I - Initial Production Model; fitted with Mercedes D.I series engine of 100 horsepower.
B.II - Improved B.I; fitted with Mercedes D.II series engine of 120 horsepower.
B.III - Two-Seat Trainer; reinforced throughout
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the LVG B (Series). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 100 Units

Contractor(s): Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft (LVG) - Imperial Germany
National flag of the German Empire National flag of Russia

[ German Empire; Imperial Russia ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (65mph).

Graph Average of 75 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Production Comparison
100
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the LVG B (Series)
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
RECONNAISSANCE
TRAINING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The LVG B (Series) Unarmed Reconnaissance Scout / Trainer Biplane Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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