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Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ 100)

Twin-Engine Regional Passenger Jet Airliner

Russia | 2011

"The Sukhoi Superjet 100 passenger jet is attempting to counter like-minded aircraft currently controlling the regional airliner market in the West and elsewhere."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/18/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
While largely recognized for its strong military hardware roots, Sukhoi introduced their "Superjet 100" line of regional passenger airliners in 2011 with launch customer Armavia of Armenia. In June of 2013, the concern managed a new milestone when it passed examples of its Superjet 100 to the first western customer in Mexican Interjet. To date (2013), twenty-eight examples of the twin-engined, all-modern airliner have been produced and this through a once-unheard of international effort with participants including European and American firms. 234 units are on order with some sixteen having been delivered to date (2013). Intended operators are Aeroflot, Finance Leasing Company, Lao Central Airlines, Orient Thai Airlines, Sky Aviation, Moskovia Airlines and Transaero among others. The Superjet 100 is produced under the Sukhoi Civil Aircraft banner.

The Superjet 100 program involves technology and input from a variety of major defense industry players such as Alenia Aermacchi of Italy, SNECMA of France, The Boeing Company of the United States, Thales Group of France and Honeywell of the United States. United Aircraft Corporation of Russia is the primary contractor with engines split between SNECMA of France and NPO Saturn of Russia. Western marketing is also assisted by Alenia Aermacchi through the Superjet International brand label.

Sukhoi developed the Superjet 100 to not only compete with western passenger offerings glutting the global market but also to replace the aging fleet of Soviet-era Tupolev Tu-134 and Yakovlev Yak-42 airliners (recognized in NATO nomenclature as "Crusty" and "Clobber" respectively). As such, the Superjet 100 manages a fully-modern, all-glass digital cockpit, fly-by-wire control and engines having been introduced as recently as 2008. The cockpit includes five large color displays through a clean instrument panel and a console separating the two crew. Controls are of the side-stick variety providing a very modern look. The passenger cabin showcases a single aisle with seats flanking the walk and overhead compartments as normally seen on other aircraft of this type. Its overall external configuration is highly conventional with a very well streamlined fuselage and forward-set flight deck. The fuselage is lined with porthole windows for the passenger cabin and sports typical entry/exit doors. Wings are swept and low-mounted on the fuselage, each managing an underslung engine nacelle. The empennage is typical of the aircraft class, fielding a single vertical tail fin with low-set horizontal planes. The undercarriage is designed for typical runway abuse and includes a pair of dual-wheeled main legs and a dual-wheeled nose leg. All are retractable at their respective positions.

Work on the Superjet 100 began as early as 2002 in which Boeing and Sukhoi entered into a limited agreement to design and develop a new regional jet. Boeing would supply consulting/marketing services whilst Sukhoi would head all else. Other contractors then fell into place through a truly international effort ranging from the United States and Canada to Europe and Asia. A prototype was cleared in November of 2004 and this was followed by formal Russian government backing in August of 2005 (the program would cost approximately $1.4 USD billion). Flight testing began in January of 2007 paving the way for powerplant development (the engines tested through a modified Ilyushin IL-76 carrier platform). With a prototype completed, first flight was recorded on May 19th, 2008 and development ran into 2009 while orders both locally and abroad were secured. Three prototypes were completed by the end of 2009. It was during this year that the product was formally showcased at the Paris Air Show to help drum up customer interest in the product. Russian certification was granted in 2010, to which a forth prototype was added, and European certification followed in 2012.

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Superjet Configurations

The Superjet will be produced across four distinct variants designated as SSJ 100-75, SSJ 100-75LR, SSJ 100-95 and SSJ 100-95LR. All of the marks will feature a flight crew of two, the same wingspan (91 feet) and same height (33 feet, 9 inches). All will also be powered by 2 x PowerJet SaM146 turbofan engines outputting between 13,500lbs and 17,500lbs thrust (developed by SNECMA of France and NPO Saturn of Russia). The 100-75 models are given running length of 86 feet, 9 inches versus the length of 98 feet, 3 inches found in the 100-95 models. Maximum take-off weights are listed at 85,600lbs, 93,200lbs, 101,100lbs and 109,000lbs across the four respective models. The Superjet design can operate at altitudes reaching 41,000 feet and reach speeds of 541 miles per hour though cruising will typically be handled at 511 miles per hour. The primary differences between the four marks, beyond the slight dimensional variations, will be their internal passenger configuration. The 100-75 models will sport a 1- or 2-class style layout with seating between 68 and 83 persons while the 100-95 models will be given a similar 1- or 2-class layout though seating between 86 and 103 persons.

The Jakarta Accident

The Superjet 100 was the subject of a very public (and fatal) accident occurring on May 9th, 2012. During a demonstration flight originating from Halim Perdanakusuma Airport at Jakarta (Indonesia) with 45 aboard, the Superjet 100 was given clearance to descend to 5,900 feet. it was at this point that contact with the aircraft was lost. The wreckage was later discovered having smashed into the side of Mount Salak. As expected in a crash such as this, no survivors were found. The cause of the crash is thought to have been pilot error for it was determined that the aircraft's collision avoidance system was functioning normally.

The Russians and Iranians are in talks to feature the Sukhoi Superjet 100 as a primary Iranian passenger hauler, replacing an aging stock of jet airliners currently in service.

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May 2016 - A Superjet 100 example was delivered to CityJet (Ireland) on May 24th, 2016.

July 2016 - It has been reported that the Sukhoi concern has begun work on a stretched version of the SSJ100 with uprated Powerjet SaM146 engines and a new wing design.

August 2018 - Sukhoi has relayed first-half 2018 deliveries of its Superjet to number 141 examples.

September 2018 - Aeroflot of Russia has secured a deal covering a further 100 Sukhoi Superjet aircraft. Deliveries are scheduled for 2019 and should wrap up in 2026.

January 2019 - Sukhoi is waiting for American government approval to sell its Superjet passenger jets to sanctions-stricken Iran.

February 2020 - The Sukhoi Superjet is currently testing an all-new Russian-made air conditioning system.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Sukhoi SSJ 100-75 Twin-Engine Regional Passenger Jet Airliner.
2 x PowerJet SaM146 turbofan engines developing 15,400 lb of thrust each.
541 mph
870 kph | 470 kts
Max Speed
41,010 ft
12,500 m | 8 miles
Service Ceiling
1,802 miles
2,900 km | 1,566 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Sukhoi SSJ 100-75 Twin-Engine Regional Passenger Jet Airliner.
86.7 ft
26.44 m
O/A Length
91.2 ft
(27.80 m)
O/A Width
33.7 ft
(10.28 m)
O/A Height
51,809 lb
(23,500 kg)
Empty Weight
85,583 lb
(38,820 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Notable series variants as part of the Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ 100) family line.
Superjet 100 - Base Series Deisgnation
SSJ 100-75 - Base airliner model; 1- or 2-class seating; 68 to 83 passengers; 26.44m length; 13,500lb to 15,400lb engine thrust output; 85,600 MTOW.
SSJ100-75LR - Base airliner model; 1- or 2-class seating; 68 to 83 passengers; 26.44m length; 13,500lb to 15,400lb engine thrust output; 93,200 MTOW.
SSJ 100-95 - 1- or 2-class seating; 86 to 103 passengers; 29.94m length; 15,400lb to 17,500lb thrust output; 101,100lb MTOW.
SSJ 100-95LR - 1- or 2-class seating; 86 to 103 passengers; 29.94m length; 15,400lb to 17,500lb thrust output; 109,000lb MTOW.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ 100). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 172 Units

Contractor(s): Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association / Sukhoi Civil Aircraft - Russia
National flag of Armenia National flag of India National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iran National flag of Ireland National flag of Italy National flag of Kyrgyzstan National flag of Mexico National flag of Russia National flag of Switzerland National flag of Tajikistan National flag of Thailand

[ Armenia; Burma; India; Indonesia; Iran (probable); Ireland; Italy; Kyrgyzstan; Laos; Mexico; Russia; Switzerland; Thailand; Tajikistan ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (541mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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Image of the Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ 100)
Image copyright Sukhoi Civil Aircraft marketing material; All Rights Reserved.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ 100) Twin-Engine Regional Passenger Jet Airliner appears in the following collections:
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