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VL Myrsky (Storm)

Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft

Finland | 1943

"The indigenous Finnish VL Myrsky fighter series led a relatively short operational life and saw limited production numbers."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/26/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Prior to its war with the Soviets, Finnish authorities were contemplating an indigenous fighter design to stock its fledgling air force. By the middle of 1939, the program had gained some traction but no products were ready by November when the Soviet Union invaded Finland to spark the "Winter War". The conflict resulted in an "interim peace" in March of 1940 though the war no doubt put Finnish authorities on alert, giving further traction to the indigenous fighter design initiative known as the VL Myrsky ("Storm"). The Myrsky was produced through the state-owned Valtion Lentokonetehdas concern (hence the "VL" in the designation) with design work beginning in 1941 under the leadership of Edward Wageluis.

The Myrsky was of conventional design arrangement as piston-powered aircraft of the time go. The type was characterized by its low-monoplane wing assemblies (fitting ahead of center) and its forward-mounted radial piston engine powering a three-bladed propeller. The cockpit was set along the center of the design with good views to either side and rather limiting views forward overlooking the long nose. The empennage was traditional in its arrangement with a short, rounded vertical tailfin and applicable rounded horizontal tailplanes. The undercarriage was retractable and made up two single-wheeled main landing gear legs and a tail wheel. The Myrsky was managed by a single pilot. Wingspan measured 11 meters with a fuselage length of 8.35 meters. Construction was of wood and metal.

The Myrsky was completed with an SFA-Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp R-1830-SC3-G series 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine of 1,650 horsepower output and fitted to a compartment ahead of the cockpit. This supplied the mount with a top speed of 328 miles per hour with a service ceiling of 29,500 feet and operational range of 580 miles. The engine was originally an American product produced under license in Sweden before making its way into the Finnish product.

Armament was a keen consideration for any fighter and the Myrsky was given 4 x 12.7mm LKK/42 heavy machine guns, all fitted to the forward fuselage and synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades. Provision was made for the carrying of 2 x 100 kilogram conventional drop bombs for strike sorties.

First flight of a prototype was recorded on December 23rd, 1941 and the aircraft was assigned the designation of "Myrsky I" . Three pre-production aircraft were then constructed for trials and testing quickly revealed several notable design flaws, particularly with the wings which were prone to break from the fuselage under certain stresses. The landing gear legs also proved weak and new processes were introduced to both areas for added strength. As a result of such dangerous issues, not one of the four completed airframes would survive their trials - all being lost to accident and two test pilots being killed in the process.

In 1943, production was underway for the revised "Myrsky II" of which 47 aircraft were ultimately completed. The aircraft was then placed into operational service with awaiting Finnish reconnaissance and fighter groups in August of 1944 and saw service in the "Continuation War" (June 1941-September 1944) against the Soviet Union. Myrskys were used in both fighter and fighter-bomber roles which complemented the arrival of very capable Messerschmitt BF 109G fighters being delivered from Germany. By all accounts, the Finnish design was adequate in the roles presented though it is said that her pilots never held a true appreciation for the type mostly due to less than stellar performance. The continuation war ended with a Soviet victory solidified through the Moscow Armistice. Finland then turned on the Germans in the "Lapland War" which spanned October 1944 to the end of World War 2 in April of 1945, officially ending German influence in the country.

The Myrsky II managed an existence that outlasted the war for she was still being actively flown well into 1947 and ultimately retired from Finnish Air Force service in 1948. An improved variant, the "Myrsky III", entered construction but none were completed and thusly never saw operational service. In all, 51 Myrsky I and Myrsky II aircraft were produced and all served with Finland.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the VL Myrsky (Storm) Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft.
1 x SFA-Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp R-183-SC3-G 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine developing 1,065 horsepower.
329 mph
529 kph | 286 kts
Max Speed
29,495 ft
8,990 m | 6 miles
Service Ceiling
580 miles
933 km | 504 nm
Operational Range
3,000 ft/min
914 m/min
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the VL Myrsky (Storm) Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft.
27.4 ft
8.35 m
O/A Length
36.1 ft
(11.00 m)
O/A Width
9.8 ft
(3.00 m)
O/A Height
5,478 lb
(2,485 kg)
Empty Weight
7,083 lb
(3,213 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the VL Myrsky (Storm) Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft .
4 x 12.7mm LKK/42 machine guns in fuselage

2 x 220lb bombs underwing
Notable series variants as part of the VL Myrsky (Storm) family line.
Myrsky I - Prototype Designation; appearing in December of 1941; 4 examples completed.
Myrsky II - Initial Production Models; 47 examples completed.
Myrsky III - Proposed follow-up variant of 1943; never produced.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the VL Myrsky (Storm). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 51 Units

Contractor(s): Valtion lentokonetehdas - Finland
National flag of Finland

[ Finland ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (329mph).

Graph Average of 300 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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Image of the VL Myrsky (Storm)
Left side view of the Finnish Air Force VL Myrsky fighter
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Image of the VL Myrsky (Storm)
Frotn left side view of the VL Myrsky fighter of Finnish origin

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The VL Myrsky (Storm) Fighter / Fighter-Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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