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CAC Winjeel


Basic Trainer Aircraft


Australia | 1955



"The Winjeel served RAAF personnel throughout most of the Cold War, eventually being retired by 1995."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/25/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Australian aero industry has produced a few notable aircraft for its part in aviation history. One of its entrants became the "Winjeel" of 1955 which was manufactured to the tune of some 64 aircraft under the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (CAC) brand label. CAC was founded in 1936, just prior to World War 2 (1939-1945), and managed several wartime designs during the period including the "Boomerang" monoplane fighter (detailed elsewhere on this site) which did see service in the grand conflict. CAC, as an entity, lasted until 1985 when it came under the Hawker de Havilland name. Boeing Australia purchased its evolved form, Hawker de Havilland Victoria, in 2000 which meant the CAC name fell to history.

The Winjeel was developed for the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) as a basic trainer seating two-to-three crewmen. The design came about to fulfill requirement No.AC77 by the RAAF which sought such an aircraft type to add to its post-war inventory in 1948. CAC engineers responded with a pair of prototypes under the CA-22 designation and a first flight was had on February 23rd, 1955. The design flew well, quite well in fact, that it was much too stable to be used as a training tool and thus engineers were forced to "destabilize" the aircraft some so as to allow students to experience spinning and recovery phases. With some modification, the aircraft reemerged as the CA-25 and serial production followed which delivered 62 aircraft - the first coming in September of 1955 to the No.1 Basic Flight Training School of New South Wales.

In service the Winjeel was a sound training platform. Final deliveries came in August of 1957 and the type soldiered on during a lengthy service life which saw the last of its kind given up (in the training role) in 1975. A short-lived endeavor nearly saw the line replaced in full by the incoming Italian-originated Macchi MB-326 series which would have had the Winjeels out of service in the late-1960s. Just over a dozen were retained into the mid-1990s as light utility, Forward Air Control (FAC) platforms until completely succeeded by the light Swiss Pilatus PC-9 line. All Winjeels were out of military service for 1995 and some fell to private ownership from there.

The finalized Winjeel design form was powered by a Pratt & Whitney R985-AN-2 "Wasp Junior" 9-cylinder radial piston engine outputting 445 horsepower. Performance specifications included a maximum speed of 185 miles per hour, a cruise speed of 165 miles per hour, a service ceiling up to 18,000 feet and a rate-of-climb equal to 1,500 feet per minute.

Never armed by default, some Winjeels were equipped to carry smoke bombs to mark ground targets.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the CAC Winjeel Basic Trainer Aircraft.
1 x Pratt & Whitney R-985-AN-2 "Wasp junior" 9-cyliner radial piston engine developing 450 horsepower.
Propulsion
181 mph
291 kph | 157 kts
Max Speed
15,000 ft
4,572 m | 3 miles
Service Ceiling
551 miles
886 km | 478 nm
Operational Range
1,500 ft/min
457 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the CAC Winjeel Basic Trainer Aircraft.
2 or 3
(MANNED)
Crew
29.3 ft
8.92 m
O/A Length
38.7 ft
(11.81 m)
O/A Width
8.3 ft
(2.52 m)
O/A Height
3,400 lb
(1,542 kg)
Empty Weight
4,341 lb
(1,969 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the CAC Winjeel Basic Trainer Aircraft .
None. Some target-marking forms carried smoke bombs.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the CAC Winjeel family line.
CA-22 - Prototype Designation; two examples produced.
CA-25 "Winjeel" - Production Model Designation; 62 aircraft produced.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the CAC Winjeel. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 64 Units

Contractor(s): Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (CAC) - Australia
National flag of Australia

[ Australia ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (181mph).

Graph Average of 150 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
64
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
TRAINING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The CAC Winjeel Basic Trainer Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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