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CAC Wackett


Basic Trainer


Australia | 1941



"The CAC Wackett trainer became the first aircraft design of the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation of Australia."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/20/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The CAC Wackett was an indigenously designed and developed dedicated basic trainer for the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) during World War 2. CAC was perhaps best known for its CAC "Boomerang" fighter, which followed the Wackett into service, allowing an aero industry to be established in Australia during a particularly dangerous and volatile period for the country. The expansion of the Japanese in the Pacific was a real and ever-growing threat to Australian sovereignty and less foreign reliance on military goods would prove beneficial in the long run. The Wackett eventually served Australia, the Netherlands and Indonesia before seeing formal retirement and a second life in the post-war years under private ownership and as crop dusting platforms.

The Royal Australian Air Force delivered Specification 3/38 in 1938 seeking a dedicated training platform for new generations of Australian pilots. The type would have to be a cost-effective solution utilizing basic construction practices and feature tandem seating for two - student and instructor. Additionally, as the aircraft would be wholly-constructed in Australia, it would have to keep to a simply approach to utilize the industrial capabilities of the nation - ultimately relying on use of some steel, wood and fabric throughout its construction.

Australia entered World War 2 on September 3rd, 1939, declaring war on Germany days after its brazen invasion of Poland. Ultimately, the war would commit nearly 1 million Aussies in which over 27,000 would be killed. Australian forces fought across both Europe and North Africa alongside Britain and Commonwealth forces while, closer to home, it was also forced to help contain - and ultimately defeat - the Empire of Japan with an alliance including the United States and Britain. Australia proved a stout fighting force, particularly in the early going of the Pacific campaign - before the arrival of the United States in 1942 - when Australian shores were under direct threat from the Japanese.

Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation, established since 1936 with the purpose of producing both aero engines and airframes, delivered its submission in the form of the CA-2. The design was developed around a tubular fuselage with steel understructure while wood was used to produce the skeleton of the wings. Fabric then covered the empennage while metal skin was used in the forward section. The crew sat in tandem as requested, under a heavily-framed canopy offering good views from either position. The nose section was rather short which allowed for improved forward views compared to contemporaries of the time. Wings were low-mounted appendages and the undercarriage was fixed with single-wheeled main legs and a single-wheeled tail leg.

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With the CAC facility itself undergoing construction into late 1938, production of two prototype airframes was not completed until the following September of 1939. One prototype was fitted with the de Havilland "Gipsy Major" liquid-cooled inline piston engine - the same as powering the famous de Havilland Tiger Moth trainer of 1932 - and the other was completed with the de Havilland "Gipsy Six" liquid-cooled inline piston engine, powering aircraft such as the de Havilland Dragon Rapide airliner of 1934. First flight was recorded on September 19th, 1939 with the Gipsy Major-powered mount. The second prototype took to the air in November.

Testing yielded sub-par performance from the Gipsy Major-powered form and the following Gipsy Six-modified variant offered little more. As such, the decision was made to fit the type with the American-made Warner Aircraft Corporation "Scarab" radial piston engine series to power the finalized line. The initial prototypes were then re-engined in Scarab form and testing continued. Ultimately, the Royal Australian Air Force accepted the CAC design under the designation of CA-6 "Wackett" and a formal production order was signed - the aircraft entering service in March of 1941. By this time, the situation across the Pacific had grown to dangerous levels as Australia fell more and more under threat from the Japanese. It was not until the Americans formally entered the war after December 7th - the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor - that Australia could rely on extensive outside help. While the British Royal Navy was in action in the Pacific already, it was also trying to survive the German offensives in Europe.

Early production of Wacketts was hampered by shortages of both engines and propellers allowing engineers to revise the design before serial output solidified the airframe. CAC eventually produced some 200 Wacketts to serve as basic trainers for the RAAF with the last example delivered in April of 1942.

Wacketts managed an operational existence throughout the war though with dwindling numbers amidst a growing stable of other capable trainers arriving from overseas in number. This allowed many to be relegated to reserve and then storage until, after the war (1945), thirty examples were sold to the Netherlands for service in the Dutch East Indies. Still others made their way into private hands and the civilian sector. The Dutch airframes were then passed on to the newly established nation of Indonesia, independent of Dutch rule as of 1949.

World War 2 served to evolve Australia along several major fronts including industry. Prior to the war, it held no true heavy industrial base and this was grown in short order once the war forced growth. The Australian military also benefitted from the conflict in that it was allowed to be grown beyond its then-current form. Programs such as the Wackett and Boomerang only served to provide a self-reliance on military products and prove Australia as a modernized country.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the CAC Wackett Basic Trainer.
1 x Warner Aircraft Corporation Scarab radial piston engine developing 175 horsepower.
Propulsion
115 mph
185 kph | 100 kts
Max Speed
425 miles
684 km | 369 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the CAC Wackett Basic Trainer.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
26.0 ft
7.92 m
O/A Length
37.0 ft
(11.28 m)
O/A Width
9.8 ft
(3.00 m)
O/A Height
1,909 lb
(866 kg)
Empty Weight
2,590 lb
(1,175 kg)
MTOW
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the CAC Wackett family line.
CA-2 - Prototype Designation; two examples produced.
CA-6 - Production Model Designation; 200 examples produced.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the CAC Wackett. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 202 Units

Contractor(s): Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (CAC) - Australia
National flag of Australia National flag of Indonesia National flag of the Netherlands

[ Australia; Netherlands East Indies; Indonesia ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 120mph
Lo: 60mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (115mph).

Graph Average of 90 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Production Comparison
202
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the CAC Wackett
High angled left side front view of the CAC Wackett trainer in flight

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
TRAINING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The CAC Wackett Basic Trainer appears in the following collections:
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