Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Scale (2024) Special Forces

IAR 316

Pilot Trainer / Light Utility Helicopter

Romania | 1971

"The Romanian IAR 316 is nothing more than a license-production copy of the French Aerospatiale SA 319B Alouette III helicopter."

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the IAR 316 Pilot Trainer / Light Utility Helicopter.
1 x Turbomeca Artouste IIIB turboshaft engine developing 570 horsepower to a three-blade main rotor and a three-blade tail rotor.
130 mph
210 kph | 113 kts
Max Speed
10,499 ft
3,200 m | 2 miles
Service Ceiling
336 miles
540 km | 292 nm
Operational Range
850 ft/min
259 m/min
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the IAR 316 Pilot Trainer / Light Utility Helicopter.
42.1 ft
12.82 m
O/A Length
36.2 ft
(11.02 m)
O/A Width
9.7 ft
(2.97 m)
O/A Height
2,315 lb
(1,050 kg)
Empty Weight
4,850 lb
(2,200 kg)
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the IAR 316 Pilot Trainer / Light Utility Helicopter provided across 2 hardpoints.
2 x 57mm rocket pods.
2 x 7.62mm machine gun pods.
2 x Anti-Tank Missile Launchers.

Hardpoints Key:

Not Used
Notable series variants as part of the IAR 316 family line.
IAR 316 - Base Series Designation; license-production copy; based on the French Aerospatiale SA 319B Alouette III series light helicopters.
IAR 317 "Airfox" - Proposed dedicated attack helicopter variant; Turbomeca Artouste IIIB turboshaft engine; stepped two-seat cockpit; armored cockpit; stub wings; single prototype example constructed; never entered production.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/07/2024 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

The Romanian IAR 316 Light Utility Helicopter was a locally-built (under license) form of the popular French-made Aerospatiale Alouette III series (SA 316B model). The Alouette III first flew in prototype form on February 28th, 1959 and saw service introduction in 1960, still maintaining an active presence in the skies today (2016). Over 2,000 of the type were eventually produced for a variety of global operators. The Romanian form itself was introduced in 1971 and saw manufacture from 1971 until 1987 with 250 units delivered. These have served in both utility and training roles for their time in the air.

IAR is the Industria Aeronautica Romana aerospace manufacturer of Ghimbav.

Because of its origins in the French design, little was changed in the local Romanian model. As Romania fell under the communist reach during the Cold War decades, the helicopter was modified to support Eastern Bloc weapons and equipment though, in both form and function, there was little separating the two designs - the single engine fit powered a three-bladed main rotor with three-bladed tail rotor, the nose section was wholly glazed over for excellent vision out-of-the-cockpit, and the tricycle undercarriage was fixed in place during flight.

The standard IAR 316 model was finalized with a Turbomeca "Artouste" IIIB series turboshaft engine of 570 horsepower. Maximum speed reached 130 miles per hour with a range out to 335 miles and a service ceiling up to 10,500 feet.

While the original IAR 316 model could be outfitted with a light weapons set, IAR engineers took to refining the product for the attack helicopter role in the IAR 317 "Airfox" offering. For this model the cockpit was completed reworked to include a stepped pilot/gunner arrangement while wing stubs were added to the fuselage sides for management of Anti-Tank (AT) missiles, rocket pods and machine guns. Beyond that, the major structure and components were retained from the original IAR 316. Despite this work, the IAR 317 failed to net any market interest and only a sole prototype was completed.

Beyond operational service with the Romanian Air Force, the IAR 316 was adopted by the Angolan Air Force.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the IAR 316. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 250 Units

Contractor(s): Industria Aeronautica Romana (IAR) - Romania
National flag of Angola National flag of Romania

[ Angola; Romania ]
Going Further...
The IAR 316 Pilot Trainer / Light Utility Helicopter appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks of the World U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols Breakdown U.S. 5-Star Generals List WWII Weapons by Country World War Next

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)